Glenn Wade Salisbury June 2, 1910 February 3, 1994

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Glenn Wade Salisbury June 2, 1910 – February 3, 1994 A Biographical Memoir by ROBERT H. FOOTE Biographical Memoirs, Volume 86 PUBLISHED 2005 BY THE NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS WASHINGTON, DC

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Glenn Wade Salisbury

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Early in his profession, Glenn Salisbury turned into the premier scientist on the planet in testing thoughts and applying comes about that changed the reproducing of dairy steers through the advancement of sound standards and methods for manual sperm injection, with semen from hereditarily predominant sires. This has turned into the most capable biotechnology utilized worldwide for the change of cows. The directing standards exemplified by Salisbury were great essential research, trustworthiness, and unrivaled achievement. He elucidated these in a radiant mimeograph, An Approach to the Scientific Solution of Problems in Biology, written in

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1948. These standards were passed on to understudies and others through illustration and dynamic coaching by Salisbury. Just the best in any attempt was worthy in his own endeavors or those of his partners. His excellent administration, as leader of the Dairy Department at the University of Illinois, brought about an office that rose in 20 years from close to the base of the rundown of distributed research by farming trial stations to close to the top. Likewise, he imparted in his partners the significance of thinking about the ethical parts of their exploration, and the social and financial outcomes broadly and universally. He battled wildly for what he accepted was essential

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and right, paying little mind to regulatory idleness and any political backfire that may happen. He accepted firmly that the higher the position one held, the more prominent was the duty regarding administration to others. Therefore he didn't pull punches when the obstructions were self-serving people. As an outcome, Salisbury made a noteworthy commitment in preparing remarkable youthful pioneers, and additionally in the change of creature horticulture, with the goal of encouraging an eager world better. Individual Glenn Wade Salisbury was conceived on June 2, 1910 on his maternal granddad's ranch in Sheffield Township, Ashtabula County, Ohio. His father's

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predecessors additionally were ranchers. In this way, he was encompassed in his initial existence with a family that had a pizzazz, an extraordinary valuation for the land, of buckling down, and of looking after each other – all qualities of Salisbury in his grown-up life. His dad's scholarly vocation took him to numerous spots and schools amid his pre-school days. Summers were spent on his granddad's ranch, getting a charge out of the Jersey dairy animals, running steeds and pigs. Salisbury entered Ohio State University in 1927. He was a pioneer in understudy undertakings, an individual from the Student Senate and a few privileged social orders. He was an expressive individual from the dairy steers judging group. Upon graduation in 1931 he was chosen as

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the exceptional senior in the College of Agriculture, in view of his initiative and scholastic accomplishment. Taking after graduation in June 1931, he went by the acclaimed Mt. Trust Farm in Massachusetts where dynamic hereditary studies were in advance with cows and poultry. These analyses invigorated Salisbury's enthusiasm for the hereditary potential for enhancing creature agribusiness. Few occupations were accessible at the stature of the dejection so Salisbury acknowledged a half-time assistantship at Cornell University. This monetary support of $700 every year empowered him to make a noteworthy stride in his life. In August 1932, he wedded Dorothy Jane Cross, who turned into his

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deep rooted, strong buddy and dedicated mother to kids, Laird Wade Salisbury and Susan Lynne Salisbury. Glenn and Dorothy had dated frequently four years before, until her family moved. The sentiment was proceeded by correspondence. After the wedding it was instantly back to work for Salisbury amidst his Ph.D. examines. The special first night was a bike trip through Europe in 1937. At Cornell University Salisbury contemplated sustenance, physiology and hereditary qualities (1931-34), getting the Ph.D. degree in three years. The administrator of his panel was Professor F. B. Morrison, world celebrated in farming for his book on "Encourages and

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Feeding". Educator S.A. Asdell, one of the world's incredible creature researcher, prepared by Professor F.H.A. Marshall at Cambridge University, was his tutor in physiology. His hereditary presentation was to a wonderful instructor, Professor A. F. Fraser, in an office that had as of late prepared Barbara McClintock and George Beadle, both Nobel laureates. Proficient CAREER AT CORNELL UNIVERSITY Salisbury was employed in 1934 as an Instructor in the Department of Animal endless supply of his doctoral program. This was the start of a long and renowned profession. In just 10

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years he ascended through the positions to end up a full teacher. The year he turned into a full teacher he was the most youthful researcher to get the Borden Award, a prestigious national honor for extraordinary commitments to regenerative physiology and creation of dairy cows. This was particularly astounding, considering that his arrangement was for 45% of his exertion in research and 55% for educating and expansion. At first he accepted accountability for educating an early on course in sustenance of ranch creatures to creature cultivation understudies. Taking note of that veterinary understudies got small preparing in nourishment he built up a course intended to address

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their issues. He built up a starting course in creature rearing, included both similar regenerative physiology and hereditary qualities. Before long he was perceived as an ace instructor. This course got to be one of the more well known college classes at Cornell. He was a famous speaker among dairymen, conveying news of school projects to them, and requesting their thoughts. He was similarly agreeable and acquainted with dairymen in the stable area, and researchers at national gatherings.

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Salisbury built up the program in creature rearing at Cornell University which he regulated until he cleared out for the University of Illinois in 1947. This program required graduate understudies to acquire essential preparing in natural chemistry, physiology, arithmetic and hereditary qualities. Salisbury additionally was a deep rooted understudy, craving after information, which he expended in incredible amounts. How could he have been able to he fulfill this? Halfway he searched out and created relationship with the best personalities in every field at Cornell and somewhere else. He kept on working together with S.A. Asdell, writer of the highest quality level book "Examples of Mammalian Reproduction". He took a late spring off to learn at

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Iowa State University with Jay L. Lavish, and with George W. Snedecor, individually, a preeminent creature reproducer and organic analyst. Salisbury considered both Lush and Snedecor as among the best educators on the planet. In 1937 he bicycled 4,000 miles with his significant other, Dorothy, through the British Isles, the Channel Islands, and France, where they went to research labs, try stations and homesteads. An appendectomy amidst the outing just backed him off briefly. In 1936 and 1938 the Salisbury couple headed to numerous farming examination stations in the Midwest to wind up better familiar with driving researchers, their

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explore and their way to deal with taking care of significant issues. They didn't stop at Illinois since he felt that little important to him was being distributed there. In the meantime he was in contact with well known associates in the division at Cornell, including Nobel laureate, J.B. Sumner. Sumner was the main individual to take shape a protein, which was catalase. He gave a specimen of catalase to Salisbury. Salisbury added this catalase to bull spermatozoa to examine the harming impact of oxygen, and its anticipation by halting the aggregation of hydrogen peroxide (Vandemark, Salisbury and Bratton, 1949).

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Salisbury was not bashful in accentuating that the new ways he needed to investigate in regenerative physiology required essential research to support connected studies in manual sperm injection. He discovered approaches to do it in spite of the absence of regulatory support. One of his companions, I.C. Gunsalus, had research centers in another office where the bacteriology of bull semen could be contemplated (Gunsalus, Salisbury and Willett, 1941), as irresistible sickness transmitted through semen was one of the plausible significant reasons for low fruitfulness in dairy cows.

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Simultaneously, Salisbury had collaborated with Professor Stanley Brownell, a standout amongst the most capable, well-spoken and compelling augmentation educators in the United States, to create bolster from driving dairymen and key individuals from the Cornell Board of Trustees to build up a noteworthy manual sperm injection program in dairy cows. Senator Dewey had a dairy ranch, and he bolstered the thought. Timing was all in all correct to build up this program. A few individuals from the veterinary calling were against the advancement of manual sperm injection. Nonetheless, a solid promoter was William A. Hagan, Dean of the New York State Veterinary College. In 1945 the manual sperm injection program moved to Ithaca,

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New York, where Cornell University made land accessible. Dairymen in the New York Artificial Breeders Cooperative, Inc. furthermore, New York State each contributed $25,000 to fabricate offices near the Cornell grounds. A massively fruitful agreeable program of research and application took after. Salisbury now had his research centers where the organic chemistry of bull sperm could be examined without impedance. Salisbury likewise was an individual from a few essential boards, including the Graduate School. He was an employee on the Cornell Board of Trustees. He had gained generous ground in all parts of his vocation.

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However, the absence of support by the Dean