Diagnostic X-RAY SAFETY ONLINE USER TRAINING This preparation is expected for clients of X-beam gadgets furnished with

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College OF OTTAWA Office of Risk Management ANALYTICAL X-RAY SAFETY ONLINE USER TRAINING This preparation is planned for clients of X-beam gadgets outfitted with an interlock framework

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IMPORTANT FACTORS The X-beam gadget that you are/will utilize must be enlisted with the Office of Risk Management (ORM) to guarantee that potential introduction controls are set up and have not been bargained The X-beam gadget should likewise be enrolled with the Ministry of Labor (MOL), ORM can advise you if this has been done If you will utilize an open X-beam shaft gadget, a more far reaching preparing is required. If you don't mind contact ORM for help UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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TRAINING OBJECTIVES Creating and keeping up a sheltered workplace Developing appropriate work strategies, propensities and states of mind UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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TRAINING OUTLINE Legislation Sources and Use of X-beams Biological & Health Effects X-beam wellbeing in the lab Exposure SOPS Security Emergencies Summary References UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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LEGISLATION UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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Analytical X-beam Safety Training – User Training LEGISLATION Federal Guidelines Health Canada Safety Code 32: Safety Requirements & Guidance for Analytical X-beam Equipment (diagrams obligations of proprietors of gear, security systems, gauges, observation and checking) Radiation Emitting Devices Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1370): control the understanding, norms of plan and development and guidelines of functionning of radiation emanating gadgets UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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LEGISLATION Ontario Ministry of Labor Operates as per the Ontario Occupational Health and Safety Act . sets measures builds up directions for: Possession, safe utilization of X-beam hardware for non restorative uses UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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TRAINING OUTLINE Legislation Sources and Use of X-beams Biological & Health Effects X-beam wellbeing in the lab Exposure SOPS Security Emergencies Summary References UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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SOURCES AND USES Outline How are X-beams delivered Atomic properties and association with matter X-beam machine versus X-beam source What you can discover at Ottawa U UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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What Are X-beams? X-beams are a piece of electromagnetic range (vitality scope of 10eV – 120KeV) sort of ionizing radiation (made of photons) starting from the electron shell May be delivered by machines UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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How Are X-beams Produced? X-beams can be created by an assortment of wonders. At the point when high-vitality X-beams, gamma-beams or electrons besiege materials, the energized molecule inside emanate trademark fluorescent X-beams. On the other hand, at whatever point charged particles go inside specific separations of each other without being in altered circles, the increasing velocities can emit X-beams Examples of X-beam generation : Bremsstrahlung (see next page), Ionization, X-beam tube, tesla loop, synchrotron radiation, cyclotron radiation, photoelectric impact, compton dissipating, combine creation UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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X-Ray X-beam Production - Bremsstrahlung X-beams can be delivered from speeding up of electrons which are diverted from their unique ways by other charged particles, for example, the core Electron (- ) Target Nucleus Tungsten UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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X-beam gadgets X-beams created at whatever point a high voltage, a vacuum and a wellspring of electrons present Most x-beam gadgets transmit electrons from a cathode, quicken them with a voltage and hit the anode (focus on) that discharges X-beam UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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X-Rays X-beam Tube Anode (+) Cathode (- ) UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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SOURCES AND USES X-beam machine electrically fueled gadget with a PRIMARY reason for delivering X-beams breaks down structures or materials X-beam source any part of a gadget that emanates X-beams, regardless of whether the gadget is a X-beam machine, e.g.: electron magnifying instrument UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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SOURCE AND USES The University of Ottawa holds two sorts of X-beam instruments utilized for scholarly research X-beam Diffraction (XRD) generally utilized as a part of auxiliary investigation powder and single-precious stone diffractometers are accessible X-beam Fluorescence (XRF) watches fluorescent outflows of x-beam and UV as iotas hit by x-beams normally used to study earth materials UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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TRAINING OUTLINE Legislation Sources and Use of X-beams Biological & Health Effects X-beam wellbeing in the lab Exposure SOPS Security Emergencies Summary References UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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BIOLOGICAL & HEALTH EFFECTS Factors deciding natural impacts Dose and identical dosage Total measurements and dosage rate Energy of radiation Amount of body uncovered Cell and individual affectability UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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Dose (D) Effects from radiation rely on upon measure of radiation got (ingested) by the body Called Dose or Absorbed Dose (D) amount of vitality kept in a unit of mass of material Units of Measure: Gray (Gy) or rad 1 Gy = 100 rad UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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Equivalent Dose (H) Biological impact brought on by radiation being stored in human body Dependant on kind of radiation and vitality Quality component (QF) used to relate the assimilated dosage of different sorts of radiation to the organic harm brought on to the uncovered tissue since various types of radiation cause distinctive degrees of harm. The higher the quality variable, the more noteworthy organic hazard or more noteworthy impact than the radiation with a lower quality element (for the same retained measurements) UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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Factors deciding organic impacts TOTAL DOSE Effects from intense dosages (> 1 Sv = 100 rem) effectively watched < consequences for ceaseless measurement at 0.1Sv impacts not dependably quantifiable because of no perceptible impacts UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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Factors deciding organic impacts DOSE RATE Dependent on measure of radiation over timeframe (introduction) Acute (huge) versus perpetual (little) If measure of radiation same, intense measurement additionally harming, since tissues does not have time for repairs UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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Factors Determining Biological Effects ENERGY OF RADIATION X-beams have extensive variety of energies (10 to100 KeV) Higher the vitality more profound the entrance into tissue Lower vitality x-beam assimilated first layers of skin (shallow measurements) UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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Factors Determining Biological Effects AMOUNT OF BODY EXPOSED Harder and all the more harming for body to recuperate from dosage to huge region of body than a little, confined territory, for example, hand Might incorporate delicate organs UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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Factors Determining Biological Effects SENSITIVITY Individual affectability to ingested radiation Type of cells: some more radiosensitive, for example, those experiencing cell division UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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Genetic Effects Biological impact acquired by youngsters coming about because of an adjustment of hereditary material in a parent No hereditary impacts saw in people just in creature concentrates No measurably critical hereditary impacts saw in kids in Japanese nuclear bomb survivors (any impacts on posterity from atomic bombarding survivors in Japan in WW2 from ladies officially pregnant) UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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Somatic Effects Biological impact saw in our lifetime to uncovered individual (not conveyed to posterity) At measurements 5 Sv (=5000 mSv ), skin starts to show "sunburn" (MOL yearly farthest point = 50 mSv ) Eye harm (waterfalls) can comes about at measurements > 6 Sv (=6000 mSv ) (MOL yearly utmost = 150 mSv ) UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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Risk of Cancer Radiation presentation including introduction to x-beams does not bring on any exceptional types of disease that are not typically saw in people UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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Health Effects of X-beams Due to restricted nature of X-beam pillars, intense measurements to entire body NOT USUAL Most wellbeing impacts happen because of unending introduction (doctor's facility, dental specialist) Most presentation to scientific X-beams brings about presentation to skin and furthest points UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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Doses limits forced by Ministry of Labor Worker Protection : Occupational Dose Limits (assigned X-beam laborer) 50 mSv yearly entire body 50 mSv every year – to any organ, skin, or limit 150 mSv yearly – eye dosage identical < 5 mSv amid pregnancy General Public : 5 mSv yearly (entire body) UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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TRAINING OUTLINE Legislation Sources and Use of X-beams Biological & Health Effects X-beam wellbeing in the lab Exposure SOPS Security Emergencies Summary References UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT

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X-RAY SAFETY IN THE LAB Control of Exposure ALARA = A s L ow A s is R easonably A chievable The ALARA Principle is a rationality of radiation wellbeing that each sensible exertion ought to be made to minimize dosage. This managing logic has really been joined in directions for all elements that have radioactive material. The ALARA arrangement in directions encourages proactive measures for radiation insurance and security. College OF OTTAWA - OFFICE OF RI

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