THE HISTORY OF POLAND

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THE Historical backdrop OF POLAND. Shine History is critical to all Posts. Our way of life depends on our history. Consequently It is necessery to discover anything about most vital authentic occasions to comprehend Poland and Shafts. At the point when THE GOD WAS A SUN. Biskupin. Biskupin - a settlement from

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THE HISTORY OF POLAND

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Polish History is critical to all Poles. Our way of life depends on our history. In this manner It is necessery to discover anything about most imperative authentic occasions to comprehend Poland and Poles.

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WHEN THE GOD WAS A SUN Biskupin

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Biskupin - a settlement from the turn of the Bronze Age and the Early Iron Age (750 - 600 BC.)

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THE FORMER SLAVONIC GODS

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PIAST DYNASTY Mieszko I (ca. 935 - May 25 , 992 ), child of the semi-unbelievable Siemomysł , was the primary verifiably known Piast duke of the Polans , who gave their name to the nation that would later be called " Poland ." In 965 he wedded Dobrawa . Mieszko was submersed in 966 , likely affected by his Christian first spouse.

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In A.D. 1000 , Holy Roman Emperor Otto III , while on journey to the tomb of St. Adalbert at Gniezno , contributed Bolesław with the title Frater et Cooperator Imperii ("Brother and Partner in the Empire"). A few antiquarians express that the Emperor additionally swore an illustrious crown to Bolesław. Amid that same visit, Otto III acknowledged Gniezno's status as an archbishopric

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Kazimierz is the main Polish lord who did get and keep up the title of the colossal in Polish history. He constructed numerous new strongholds , improved the Polish armed force and Polish common law and criminal law . He established the University of Kraków .

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The Jagiellon period is normally portrayed as the start of Poland's "golden age" and saw the nation turn into a noteworthy European power and extend her wildernesses toward the north and east. With the Union of Krewo in 1385 , Jogaila wedded Queen Jadwiga of Poland (who was then just 11 years of age) and built up the Jagiellonian administration, which would control in Poland and Lithuania until 1572 . In military terms, his rule is noted for the devastating thrashing delivered on the Teutonic Knights in neighboring Province of Prussia by Polish and Lithuanian strengths under his preeminent summon at the Battle of Grunwald 1410 .

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The Battle of Grunwald 1410

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PRUSSIAN HOMAGE 1525 The circumstance along Poland's northern outskirts standardized in 1466 after another annihilation of the Teutonic Order by ruler Casimir IV the Jagiellonian in the Thirteen Years War . In the result, the Eastern Pomerania with the city of Gdansk were come back to Poland. In 1525, Albrecht Hohenzollern, the last Grand Master of the Teutonic Order , changed over to Lutheranism and set up a common duchy in East Prussia. He ventured to Cracow to pay respect to the Polish King, Zygmunt I Stary (the Old) , and to promise to the interminable relationship of his duchy with Poland. This minute, which many have seen as the pinnacle of Polish power, is deified in the celebrated painting by Jan Matejko.

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GOLDEN LIBERTY Zygmunt I Stary Bona Sforza Zygmunt II August

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Mikołaj Kopernik COPERNICUS' DE REVOLUTIONIBUS ORBIUM COELESTIUM - 1543

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JASNA GORA The Deluge ( Polish Potop) is a name normally relegated in the historical backdrop of Poland to a progression of wars in the seventeenth century which left Poland in vestiges. In a stricter sense Deluge alludes just to the Swedish attack and control of the nation.

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In 1683, he drove the Polish armed force of 30,000 men to diminish Vienna blockaded by the Turks. The charge of the huzaria, Polish substantial mounted force, crushed the Turkish lines and finished for the last time the hundreds of years old Turkish risk to Central Europe.

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HUSARIA The pride and transcendence of the rangers, its sent initially, was the Husaria, the winged mounted force (or "winged horsemen").  These all around prepared and first class units served in the armed forces of the Polish and Lithuanian Commonwealth from around the mid sixteenth century to the mid eighteenth century.

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THE MAY third CONSTITUTION - 1791

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THE PARTITION S 1772-1795 The three allotments happened: February 17 , 1772 January 21 , 1793 October 1795 .

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KOSCIUSZKO INSURRECTION - 1794 The Kosciuszko Uprising was Poland's last endeavor to look after freedom. Tadeusz Kosciuszko, a Polish legend of the American Revolution .

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Thus, the Polish state, as an element, vanished off the guide of Europe. It would take 123 years, until November 11, 1918, preceding Poland completely recaptured its autonomy. In spite of the fact that fantasies of autonomy passed on, Poland's people had been freed from the obligations of serfdom. Posts outside the honorability were currently considered some portion of the national texture and the idea of Polish patriotism turned into a persevering nineteenth century idea; guaranteeing the country's survival and inevitable resurrection.

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Polish Legions in Italy is the name connected to the few distinctive Polish units serving in the French armed force from the 1790s to 1810s . After the third parcel of Poland in 1795 many Poles trusted that the progressive France and its partners would come to help of Poland, as France adversaries incorporated the partitioners of Poland Polish Legions in Italy Those units were ordered, among others, by Jan Henryk Dąbrowski , Karol Kniaziewicz and Józef Wybicki . Clean Legions serving nearby the French armed force amid the Napoleonic Wars saw battle in a large portion of Napoleon's crusades, from West Indies , through Italy and Egypt , to Russia .

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MAZUREK DĄBROWSKIEGO Mazurek Dąbrowskiego ( Dąbrowski 's Mazurka ) is the Polish national hymn , composed by Józef Wybicki in 1797 . Initially called the "Anthem of the Polish Legions in Italy", it is likewise casually referred to in English as "Poland Is Not Yet Lost" or "Poland Has Not Yet Perished" from its underlying verse, "Jeszcze Polska nie zginęła," which is once in a while incorrectly taken to be the Polish state proverb .

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Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin is a standout amongst the most celebrated, persuasive and appreciated authors for the piano , and Poland 's most huge writer. He was conceived, of French and Polish parentage in the town of Żelazowa Wola , Poland.

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Jan Matejko Jan Matejko he was conceived in Free City of Kraków , June 24 , 1838 – November 1 , 1893 , Kraków , was a Polish craftsman well known for works of art of eminent Polish political and military occasions. These incorporate a Battle of Grunwald , various court scenes, and a display of Polish lords . He is additionally known for his depictions of the acclaimed Polish court entertainer Stańczyk .

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NAPOLEON I BONAPARTE By 1812 , counsels to Alexander recommended the likelihood of an attack of the French Empire (and the recover of Poland). Napoleon, trying to increase expanded support from Polish patriots and loyalists, named the war the "Second Polish War" (the principal Polish war being the freedom of Poland from Russia, Prussia and Austria). Clean loyalists needed the Russian piece of parceled Poland to be fused into the Grand Duchy of Warsaw

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NOVEMBER UPRISING - 1830 The November Uprising ( 1830 – 1831 )— otherwise called the Cadet Revolution—was an equipped resistance to Russia 's administer in Poland . It was begun on November 29 , 1830 in Warsaw by a gathering of youthful backstabbers from the armed force's officer school in Warsaw and was soon joined by substantial piece of the Polish society. JANUARY UPRISING - 1863 The January Uprising was the longest Polish uprising against Tsarist Russia : it started January 22 , 1863 , and the last agitators were not caught until 1865 . It began as an unconstrained dissent by youthful Poles against enrollment into the Russian Army.

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WORLD WAR I 1914-1918

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Ignacy Jan Paderewski ( November 6 , 1860 – June 29 , 1941 ) was a Polish musician , author , representative and lawmaker, the third Prime Minister of Poland . Acclaimed Poles Józef Piłsudski-was a Polish progressive and statesman , field marshal , first head of state ( 1918 - 1922 ) and despot ( 1926 - 1935) of renascent Poland , and originator of her military . He is by and large respected by quite a bit of present day Poland as a national saint.

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INDEPENDENT POLAND - 1918 - 1939

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WORLD WAR II - 1939-1945 Under the authority of Adolph Hitler, Nazi Germany attacked Poland on September 1, 1939. Hitler's reason for the intrusion was the need to secure "that excruciating Polish corridor." in light of the attack of Poland, France and Britain pronounced war on Germany. World War II had started. World War II, additionally, The Second World War, was the worldwide military clash that occurred in the vicinity of 1939 and 1945. WWII was the biggest and deadliest war ever. Finally the Germans were on edge. With the Soviets progressing from the east and the partners from the west, Hitler's Third Reich given way into confuse and, taking after the Fuhrer's suicide, surrendered on May 8, 1945.

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WESTERPLATTE War softened out up Europe on 1 September 1939 , with the German intrusion of Poland . Schleswig-Holstein

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HOLOCAUST

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AUSCHWITZ death camp The Holocaust is the name connected to the orderly state-supported mistreatment and genocide of the Jews of Europe and North Africa alongside different gatherings amid World War II by Nazi Germany and partners . Auschwitz is the name inexactly used to distinguish the biggest Nazi eradication camp alongside two principle German death camps and 45-50 sub-camps. The name is gotten from the German name for the adjacent Polish town of Oświęcim

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T ragic Warsaw uprising of 1944 As the war advanced, a fierce imperviousness to the Nazi occupation seethed, then burst into fire, coming full circle in the awful Warsaw uprising of 1944 . The Polish underground State had one

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