Four Simple Steps to Healthier Bees By Michael Bush Copyright 2008

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Four Simple Steps to Healthier Bees By Michael Bush Copyright 2008 Common Sense Choices

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Presentations online Before you take overflowing notes, every one of these presentations are online here: http://www.bushfarms.com/beespresentations.htm

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Four Simple Steps No Treatments

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Ecology of the Hive Over 170 sorts of parasites http://www.landesmuseum.at/biophp/arti_det.php?litnr=10335&artinr=13954 Over 30 sorts of creepy crawlies Over 8,000 sorts of microorganisms http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/ar/file/aug98/bees0898.htm?pf=1

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8,000 microorganisms http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/ar/document/aug98/bees0898.htm?pf=1 Martha Gilliam's exploration: http://www.beeuntoothers.com/index.php/beekeeping/gilliam-files

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Effects of treatment on hive environment Fumidil murders a few microorganisms Terramycin executes numerous microorganisms (Oxytetracycline) ‏ Essential oils slaughter numerous microorganisms Organic acids slaughter numerous microorganisms other than different vermin and a few bugs Acaracides slaughter all bugs and most bugs

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Beneficial Organisms We know chalkbrood spores avert EFB We know there are microbes that group out EFB and AFB We realize that stonebrood poisons execute Nosema We realize that normal greenery of the gut makes a film that shields it from pathogens including Nosema We realize that yeasts and microscopic organisms are fundamental for the development of honey bee bread which is vital for the absorption of dust

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Beneficial Organisms In the study " Symbionts as Major Modulators of Insect Health: Lactic Acid Bacteria and Honeybees" it was demonstrated that the honey bees have a biofilm comprised of useful microbes that secures their gut and makes up a portion of their insusceptible framework. The study demonstrated that it guards against AFB, EFB and Nosema; and that anti-infection agents execute off and disturb this biofilm..

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Benign Organisms Many "benevolent" life forms swarm out pathogens Many "considerate" and even pathogenic living beings are in basic adjust that can bring about issues if this relationship breakdown

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No Treatments Maintain the rich biological community of the hive Put particular weight where it has a place

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Treating breeds frail honey bees the length of we treat we don't permit any specific weight for the difficulties that the honey bees confront If we don't treat we breed imperviousness to: AFB EFB Varroa Mites Tracheal Mites Nosema

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Treating breeds super parasites and pathogens and powerless honey bees the length of do we treat for anything we put specific weight on the parasite or pathogen. Just the most grounded most harmful and most productive survive. For whatever length of time that we don't treat we put specific weight on the parasite to be in adjust with it's host. At the end of the day to not kill the host. For whatever length of time that we make a counterfeit framework propped up and formed by outside powers an adjust can't be built up.

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No Treatments Maintain the rich environment of the hive Put particular weight where it has a place Keep the brushes clean of chemicals

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Wax is a wipe for some chemicals Many of the acaracides we utilize are lipophilic (love oil) and they assimilate into the wax. A large number of them are as of now defiling the establishment we utilize and focuses just go up when we include more.

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No Treatments Maintain the rich environment of the hive Put particular weight where it has a place Keep the brushes clean of Chemicals meddle with the regular correspondence of the hive, which is by smell

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In the Dark of the Hive Communication in the hive is by vibration and by smell Most chemicals and particularly key oils significantly meddle with notice Smell is how the honey bees know there is a ruler Smell is how the honey bees know when brood should be bolstered Smell is a piece of how honey bees impart the area of nectar sources

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Downsides of Not Treating Some hives will cease to exist Aren't they kicking the bucket as of now? On the off chance that they pass on, no love lost to terrible qualities If they survive, welcome great qualities You can make up late parts and overwinter them to cover misfortunes

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Advantages to No Treatments You don't need to buy medications You don't need to drive to the yards and place them in You don't need to drive to the yards and haul them out You don't pollute your wax You don't steamed the environment of the hive You can breed for honey bees that can survive You can breed for bugs that can live in adjust

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Four Simple Steps No Treatments Breeding Local Survivors

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Local Survivors Are: Locally adjusted to your atmosphere. Are reproduced from survivors that can deal with the difficulties of your range. You can raise your rulers at ideal times for nourishment and automatons. Are most likely never confined which permits better ovariole advancement, better pheromones Better pheromones improves less swarming and acknowledgment Better ovariole advancement implies more productive rulers

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Longer lived rulers and rulers great at effective supersedure If we breed from rulers that have indicated life span and great supersedure abilities: Less work as no compelling reason to requeen Even on the off chance that you do requeen you can do as such with cells which spares finding the old ruler

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Other points of interest Save cash by not purchasing rulers Keep save nucs with rulers so you have them at whatever point you require them Contributes to the general hereditary assorted qualities of the bumble bees in North America

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Be Part of the Solution "In case you're not part of the hereditary arrangement of reproducing bug tolerant honey bees, then you're a piece of the issue "– Randy Oliver

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Africanized Honey Bee Areas Do you think about their family or their Temperament? Breed for delicacy Breed for survivability Breed for profitability Cull for forcefulness

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Four Simple Steps No Treatments Breeding Local Survivors Natural Food

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Pollen is superior to anything substitute Studies indicate honey bees raised on dust substitute are fleeting

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pH of Honey and pH of Sugar Syrup Sugar syrup has a much higher pH (6.0) than Honey (3.2 to 4.5) (Sugar is more salt) ‏ Conversely, nectar has a much lower pH than sugar syrup (Honey is more acidic) ‏ This influences the conceptive capacity of essentially every brood malady in honey bees in addition to Nosema. They all repeat preferred at pH 6.0 over at 4.5.

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Historic Observation "It is outstanding that despicable eating routine makes one vulnerable to sickness. Presently is it not sensible to trust that broad nourishing of sugar to honey bees makes them more helpless to American Foul Brood and other honey bee sickness? It is realized that American Foul Brood is more common in the north than in the south. Why? Is it not on the grounds that more sugar is encouraged to honey bees in the north while here in the south the honey bees can assemble nectar a large portion of the year which makes nourishing sugar syrup unnecessary?"- - Better Queens, Jay Smith

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Chalkbrood as illustration "Lower pH values (comparable to those found in nectar, dust, and brood sustenance) definitely diminished development and germ-tube generation. Ascosphaera apis gives off an impression of being a pathogen exceedingly concentrated for life in bumble bee larvae."- - Author. Dept. Organic Sci., Plymouth Polytechnic, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, Devon, UK. Library code: Bb. Dialect: En. Apicultural Abstracts from IBRA: 4101024

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Similar data is accessible concerning other honey bee infections Try a hunt down pH and AFB or EFB or Nosema and you'll discover comparative results on their regenerative ability identified with the pH or nectar and sugar syrup

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Differences in pH influence other gainful and kind life forms in the hive The other 8,000 microorganisms in the are likewise influence by changes in pH Using sugar syrup disturbs the biological adjust of they hive by upsetting the pH of the sustenance in the hive and the nourishment in the honey bees' gut

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Downside of leaving nectar for encourage Honey is worth more than sugar syrup By the time you consider the estimation of your opportunity to reap the additional nectar and after that purchase the sugar, make syrup and pull the syrup to the outyards and sustain the syrup, what amount of additional cash have you made? When you've set off burglarizing and gotten the weaker hives slaughtered sustaining what amount of additional cash have you made? On the off chance that your honey bees are less sound and you lose more states, what amount of additional cash have you made?

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Upsides of leaving nectar Less burglarizing Less suffocating Less work (less to gather, no syrup to make and encourage) ‏ Less treks to the beeyard Less brood maladies Healthier more adjusted biological system in the hive

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Four Simple Steps No Treatments Breeding Local Survivors Natural Food Natural Comb

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Using Natural Cell Size Against Varroa? Either cell estimate assists with Varroa or it doesn't If it does, you have helped the Varroa issue If it doesn't, you have not hurt the Varroa issue

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Cell Size and Bee Size Standard establishment has been upsized That upsizing has brought about a honey bee that is 150% of it's normal size The way that upsizing establishment makes a greater honey bee and that we now have upsized is all around reported by Baudoux, Pinchot, Gontarski, McMullan and Brown.

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two or three References Recent: The impact of little cell brood brushes on the morphometry of bumble bees (Apis mellifera)- - John B. McMullan and Mark J.F. Chestnut Historic references are recorded here: see www.bushfarms.com/beesnaturalcell.htm close to the base of the page (counting a connection to the above paper) ‏

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What is characteristic cell measure? Sensible Assumptions Can we expect that the honey bees know the response to this question? Can we accept on the off chance that we let them they will answer the question? Can we expect that doing what is characteristic for them is the in all probability rectify estimate for cells?

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Disadvantages to characteristic brush Change is troublesome More delicate at first Must level the hives

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Advantages to normal look over Less work for the beekeeper Clean wax Healthier honey bees

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