World War II: Blitzkrieg, North Africa, and the Eastern Front Theme: Hitler s Initial Success

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World War II: Raid, North Africa, and the Eastern Front Topic: Hitler's Underlying Achievement. Lesson 19. Unified Political Pioneers. Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin. Pivot Political Pioneers. Mussolini and Hitler. Hirohito. Ascent of Hitler (Where we cleared out off in Lesson 11).

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Slide 1

World War II: Blitzkrieg, North Africa, and the Eastern Front Theme: Hitler's Initial Success Lesson 19

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Allied Political Leaders Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin

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Axis Political Leaders Mussolini and Hitler Hirohito

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Rise of Hitler (Where we cleared out off in Lesson 11) Treaty of Versailles was extremely correctional to Germany Unemployment and different issues made conditions favorable for Hitler to ascend to power Dec 21, 1931

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Rebirth of Germany Hitler reinstituted enrollment (after France multiplied the length of its recruits' administration) and in March 1936 was sufficiently solid to reoccupy the Rhineland In June 1934, Hitler cleansed a large portion of his paramilitary and the SS ascended to supplant them

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Germany's Increasingly Militaristic Approach In Nov 1937, Italy joined Germany in a collusion against the Soviet Union In Mar 1938, Hitler constrained Anschluss (union) with Austria On Sept 29-30, the British and French outside pastors endeavored to pacify Hitler by submitting to his interest for the Sudentenland under the understanding Hitler would make not any more regional requests In March 1939 Hitler grabbed the western piece of Czechoslovakia Neville Chamberlain

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Continued Aggression Britain and France now knew mollification wouldn't stop Hitler and they swore to guard Belgium, Holland, Switzerland, and Poland against German animosity On Aug 22, 1939, Russia and Germany marked a non-hostility agreement in case of a German-Polish war, Russia could add eastern Poland, Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania On Sept 1, Hitler attacked Poland

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Russia and Finland On Nov 30, Russia assaulted Finland and on Mar 12, 1940, the Finns at long last surrendered Russia's armed force did not perform especially well which made Hitler think the Russians would not be a lot of a test if Germany attacked Finnish infantry passing a demolished Russian tank

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French and German Plans for the Battle of France 1940 French expected the Germans assaulting through the north as they did in World War I so they built up the Dye Plan to counter such an assault Built the Maginot Line in the south to secure the outskirt

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Maginot Line A line of solid fortresses, tank obstructions, automatic weapon posts and different barriers which France developed along her fringes with Germany and Italy The strongholds did not reach out through the Ardennes Forest which was viewed as "closed"

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Surprise in the Ardennes On May 12, 1940 Germany assaulted through the pitifully held Ardennes district Penetrated Allied resistances at Sedan and Dinant and afterward started to conceal them

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The Panzer's Race To The Channel Battle of France: May 14-24, 1940

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Dunkirk was the last departure port accessible to the Allies.

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Dunkirk

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Moving in for the Kill German powers squeezed the Allied armed forces caught in the north, from south and east, into the English Channel. Then, German infantry divisions strengthened the southern flank of the German entrance. Be that as it may, . Dunkirk Harbor burning from German shelling

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Halt Order Hitler ended the German defensive layer German reinforcement had endured overwhelming misfortunes and would be expected to overcome whatever is left of France Luftwaffe called upon to complete the employment Luftwaffe demonstrated not able to devastate the British and French Bases in western Germany were further far from Dunkirk than British planes were from their bases on the British Isles 340,000 Allied troops were cleared

Slide 19

The Weygand Line Collapses Battle of France: June 4-14, 1940

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Consolidation On June 16 the French requested a peace negotiation. Clash of Britain started. "Let us thusly prepare ourselves to our obligations thus bear ourselves that, if the British Empire and its Commonwealth keep going for a thousand years, men will in any case say, 'This was their finest hour.'" (Winston Churchill)

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Italy Joins the Axis On June 10, 1940, Mussolini announced war on Britain and France and after four months attacked Greece In numerous ways Mussolini will obstruct as opposed to help Hitler

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Greatest Extent of Axis Control

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Auftragstaktik German interwar tenet underscored: decentralized, mission-arranged requests ( Auftragstaktik ) speed and misuse of adversary shortcomings amplified by troop authorities stepping up (comprehend officer's purpose) close combination and participation between battle branches (versatile fighting required protective layer, infantry, and ordnance) administration from the front

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North Africa

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Italian Presence in North Africa Since before World War II, Italy had been involving Libya and had over a million warriors based there In neighboring Egypt, the British Army had just 36,000 men guarding the Suez Canal and the Arabian oilfields On Sept 13, 1940, the Italians progressed into Egypt yet ended before the principle British barriers at Mersa Matruh On Dec 9, the British counterattacked and pushed the Italians back more than 500 miles, perpetrating overwhelming setbacks British troops then moved along the drift and on Jan 22, 1941, they caught the port of Tobruk in Libya

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Germany to the Rescue In the interim, Germany sent powers over the Mediterranean to Tripoli The Afrika Corps charged by Erwin Rommel Italy's catastrophes in North Africa and somewhere else (i.e., Greece) debilitated to undermine the Axis position in the Balkans and the Mediterranean

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Rommel Characteristically Rommel assaulted and drove the British Commonwealth drives out of Libya aside from Tobruk With the circumstance in North Africa balanced out, Hitler turned his thoughtfulness regarding shoring up Italy, leaving Rommel to manage North Africa One of Rommel's greatest difficulties would be his long, dubious supply line Between Oct and Nov the Allies sank almost 80% of Axis supply ships crossing the Mediterranean

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Rommel pushed the British profound into Egypt yet Montgomery halted Rommel at El Alamein in July 1942

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Operation Torch While this was going ahead in Egypt and Libya, Americans assented to British weight and started arranging Operation Torch– arrivals to possess Algeria and Morocco and co-pick the Vichy French The "Vichy French" had achieved a concurrence with the Germans permitting a French government headed by Marshall Henri Pétain to oversee the French settlements and those parts of France not involved by the Germans The "Free French" built up their own legislature in a state of banishment drove by Charles de Gaulle

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Operation Torch The Anglo-American powers arrived at Casablanca, Oran, and Algiers and afterward progressed via land and ocean to Tunisia

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Operation Torch At first the Vichy French opposed, yet in the long run surrendered Hitler started surging troops to Tunis before the Allies could arrive Hitler was fruitful in winning "the race to Tunis" and in this manner denying the Mediterranean to Allied dispatching yet he did as such at an extraordinary cost, conferring Italian and German troops to an eventually miserable battle when they could have been exceptional utilized somewhere else

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Kasserine Pass By January, Rommel had gotten away from Libya and touched base in Tunisia He built up an arrangement to clear up from southern Tunisia and obliterate the Allied supply dumps in eastern Algiers Rommel assaulted on February 14 and punched his way through the Kasserine Pass It was a strategic triumph, yet Rommel was not able proceed with his bigger arrangement and started pulling back on Feb 22

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Germans Defeated Rommel then turned south against the British who were touching base from Egypt British General Bernard Montgomery managed Rommel a shocking annihilation and Rommel by and by left Africa The Axis position in North Africa relentlessly disintegrated and toward the beginning of May the Allies controlled Tunisia American troopers enter Kasserine Pass

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First Battle The Americans did not perform extremely well in their first battle understanding and senior authority was horrendous General Eisenhower was compelled to diminish Lloyd Fredendall of summon and supplant him with George Patton Lloyd Fredendall, leader of the American II Corps

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Results of North Africa The Germans had squandered profitable assets in an uncertain theater Mussolini was seriously debilitated locally The Americans gained from their poor execution and rolled out the fundamental improvements The British and American coalition weathered a conceivably undermining storm

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The Eastern Front On June 22, 1941, Hitler attacked Russia in Operation Barbarossa The operation included an aggregate troop quality of around 4 million men, making it the greatest single land operation regularly Benefiting from introductory astonishment, before the finish of July Hitler had involved a segment of Russia double the measure of France However, when the Germans achieved the edges of Moscow in December, the Russian winter had set in Remember what we discussed in Lesson 10 about Napoleon's intrusion of Russia

Slide 38

Operation Barbarossa

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The Eastern Front In the aggregate four years of battling on the Eastern Front, an expected 4 million Axis and 9 million Russians were killed in fight 20 million Soviet regular folks were killed therefore of eradication crusades against Jews, communists and partisans, easygoing slaughters, retaliation killings, sicknesses, and (in some cases arranged) starvation.

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Stalingrad (Aug 1942-Feb 1943)

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Stalingrad

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Stalingrad

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Stalingrad

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Casablanca Conference After the Axis surrender in Tunisia, the Allies started arranging the following period of the war Roosevelt and Churchill met in Casablanca, Morocco in January 1943 Stalin had been welcomed, however declined to go to on account of Stalingrad

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Strategic Differences US contended for a cross channel intrusion to specifically assault Germany Churchill favored

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