World Meteorological Organization Working together in climate, atmosphere and water

World meteorological organization working together in weather climate and water
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World Meteorological Association Cooperating in climate, atmosphere and water. WMO. 2 nd Gathering of the OECD Global System on the Money related Administration of Expansive scale Calamities Session 2: Normal danger mindfulness and catastrophe hazard decrease training

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Slide 1

World Meteorological Organization Working together in climate, atmosphere and water WMO 2 nd Conference of the OECD International Network on the Financial Management of Large-scale Catastrophes Session 2: Natural danger mindfulness and debacle chance lessening instruction The part of the WMO in regular peril mindfulness and calamity hazard decrease training; Maryam Golnaraghi, Ph.D. Head of WMO Disaster Risk Reduction Program September 24, 2009, Bangkok, Thailand www.wmo.int

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Potential part of Role of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services inside more extensive National Disaster Risk Management Programs Alignment of national to neighborhood strategies, enactment, arranging, assets multi-sectoral hierarchical coordination and joint effort Risk Identification Risk Reduction Risk Transfer Hazard databases Hazard insights Climate guaging and slant examination Exposed resources & powerlessness Risk investigation instruments 1 PREPAREDNESS: early cautioning frameworks crisis arranging MITIGATION AND PREVENTION: Medium to long haul sectoral arranging (e.g. zoning, framework, horticulture) CAT protection & bonds Weather-listed protection and subordinates Other rising items 3 2 Information and Knowledge Sharing Education and preparing

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Systematically connecting know-how to limit improvement ventures Monitoring and Evaluation of national works on Training, Institutional Capacities Building, sharing great practices and lessons learnt connected to undertakings National and Regional Projects Implementation of activities, Identification and Documentation of Good Practices and learning Lessons Development of Guidelines in view of Lessons Learnt

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Role of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services in Risk Assessment Alignment of national to neighborhood approaches, enactment, arranging, assets multi-sectoral authoritative coordination and joint effort Risk Identification Risk Reduction Risk Transfer Hazard databases Hazard measurements Climate anticipating and drift examination Exposed resources & powerlessness Risk investigation apparatuses PREPAREDNESS: early cautioning frameworks crisis arranging MITIGATION AND PREVENTION: Medium to long haul sectoral arranging (e.g. zoning, framework, farming) CAT protection & bonds Weather-recorded protection and subsidiaries Other rising items Information and Knowledge Sharing Education and preparing

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Systematic documentation of good practices and rules started Standardization of Hazard Data, metadata and investigation instruments Guidelines for surges, dry seasons, tropical twisters and tempest surges and other meteorological dangers in progress

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Initiatives in progress for institutionalization of peril data for Floods, Droughts, Meteorological Hazards Flood risk information and mapping rules (in progress) Drought appraisal and mapping (in progress) Storm Surge peril information and mapping (in progress) Other meteorological perils information and mapping rules (started (March 2009) Severe Weather, Heat waves, Tropical Cyclones Tools to evaluate advancement of danger patterns later on … (next stride) FLOOD

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First Implementation of Flood and Drought Hazard Mapping in progress in South Eastern Europe (with UNDP, World Bank, ISDR)) Partnership Development Projects with other UN Agencies

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Role of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services in Risk Reduction Alignment of national to neighborhood approaches, enactment, arranging, assets multi-sectoral authoritative coordination and cooperation Risk Identification Risk Reduction Risk Transfer Hazard databases Hazard insights Climate anticipating and drift examination Exposed resources & weakness Risk examination devices PREPAREDNESS: early cautioning frameworks crisis arranging MITIGATION AND PREVENTION: Medium to long haul sectoral arranging (e.g. zoning, foundation, farming) CAT protection & securities Weather-filed protection and subordinates Other rising items Information and Knowledge Sharing Education and preparing

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4 1 National to neighborhood governments bolstered by DRR arrangements, enactment and coordination instruments Community Preparedness What is an Effective EWS? 5 criticism preventive activities 5 input 2 notices COORDINATION AMONG NATIONAL SERVICES 3 Meteorological Hydrological Geological Marine Health (and so forth.) 3 notices criticism 5

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Capacity advancement in Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems with Focus on Institutional Coordination, Cooperation and NMHSs Synthesis & rules created from four "great practices" first archive of a progression of rules that the WMO is creating in the field of Early Warning Systems.

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Systematic documentation of good practices in Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems Four great practices in Multi-Hazard EWS Documented Cuba, France, China/Shanghai, Bangladesh Guidelines on "Limit Development in Multi-Hazard EWS with concentrate on Institutional Coordination and NMHS," almost settled Training bundle being distributed (Springer Verlag 2010)

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Training workshops on Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems (2009-2010) Focus: Institutional participation and coordination Targeting: Directors of Disaster Risk Management and National Metrological and Hydrological Services Program: Training on great practices in EWS Training in rules on « Capacity improvement in Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems with Focus on Institutional Coordination, Cooperation" Interactive examinations to evaluate taking an interest nations limits, holes and needs Opportunities for provincial participation Outcomes are connected to advancement ventures

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Training workshops on Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems (2009-2010) South East Europe Central America and the Carribeans South East Asia Southern and Eastern Africa

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Role of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services for Financial Risk Transfer Markets Alignment of national to nearby arrangements, enactment, arranging, assets multi-sectoral authoritative coordination and joint effort Risk Identification Risk Reduction Risk Transfer Hazard databases Hazard measurements Climate anticipating and incline investigation Exposed resources & helplessness Risk investigation instruments PREPAREDNESS: early cautioning frameworks crisis arranging MITIGATION AND PREVENTION: Medium to long haul sectoral arranging (e.g. zoning, framework, agribusiness) CAT protection & securities Weather-ordered protection and subsidiaries Other rising items Information and Knowledge Sharing Education and preparing

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Requirements for Meteorological and Hydrological data to bolster Financial Risk Transfer Dec 2007, WMO Headquarters Participants: (8 re-back up plans, 13 Met Services, WFP, World Bank, UNDP, WRMA) USER Perspectives: (information and gauges): Availability and openness of chronicled and ongoing information Data quality affirmation, filling information holes, Other information esteem included administrations (??) Reliability, legitimate and auspiciousness of information (for contract outline and settlement) Medium-term Weather and Seasonal Forecasts (portfolio administration and forward looking danger investigation) Long term drift examination (long haul showcase advancement technique) Technical support and Service conveyance Meteorological Services Perspectives: Need for mindfulness raising among Met administrations Resources, capacity and needs to convey "Business" ,"Security" and "Turf" Issues related with information availability http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/dpm/feline protection wrm-markets-2007/index_en.html

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Systematic documentation of good practices and rules started Training Materials to bolster budgetary hazard exchange markets WMO/World Bank/WFP will create joint provide details regarding lesson's learnt from pilots Information Service conveyance: Experiences of National Meteorological Services for arrangement of information and data to this market will be reported (2009-2010)

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Catastrophe Insurance and Bond Markets Weather Risk Management Markets (ART) European Agricultural Risk Hydro Electric Power Risk Contracts Wind Power Risk Contracts Southeastern Europe Disaster Risk administration Project & Southeastern and Central European Risk Insurance Facility UK Flood CAT Bond CAT Bond Markets post Hurricane Andrew Indian Agricultural Risk Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility Heating Degree Day Contracts Drought Risk Management in Ethiopia Malawi Drought Risk Management Pacific Risk Insurance Facility Progress with Catastrophe (CAT) Insurance/Bond and Weather Risk Management Markets

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Developing Tools and Training on Climate Forecasting and Analysis instruments Statistical examination of recorded information is just first gauge . Requirements for forward looking data to enlarge measurable danger investigation and mapping

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Impact of atmosphere on segments are connected to… . Changing examples of hydro-meteorological extremes Frequency, seriousness and area of dry spells, surges, tropical violent winds, warm waves, and so on Accumulation of hazard connected to deviations of meteorological and hydrological conditions from ordinary Variations and changes in the onset of seasons, changes in the precipitation sums and patters, and so on

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Short-to Medium-Range Weather Seasonal Forecasts Short-Term Climate Long-Term Climate Emerging Technologies (Weather and Climate Time Scales) months to seasons decades to century 0-14 days Forward searching danger investigation for enhanced arranging and hazard managment Utilization in the money related hazard exchange markets

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Climate fluctuation and change and their effects are not uniform topographically Droughts Trends in overwhelming precipitation Trends in Frost and Heat Waves Need for creation of neighborhood atmosphere data… Highly Resource Intensive! (IPCC, 2007) IPCC 4 th Assessment Report, 2007 .:tsli

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