Weight Management

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2. Essential Concepts. Body CompositionLean Body MassBody Fat Essential fatNonessential fat-(stockpiling) - 3% of aggregate fat in men, 12% in womenPercent Body Fat - Women: <8% at danger, Average 23%, > 32% at danger Men: < 5% at danger, Average 15%, > 25% at danger. 3. Vitality Balance . Critical to keep a sound proportion of fat and incline body massEnergy Consumption or use of caloriesControl over admission of calori

Presentation Transcript

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Weight Management Chapter 14

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Basic Concepts Body Composition Lean Body Mass Body Fat Essential fat Nonessential fat-(stockpiling) - 3% of aggregate fat in men, 12% in ladies Percent Body Fat - Women: < 8% at hazard, Average 23%, > 32% at hazard Men: < 5% at hazard, Average 15%, > 25% at hazard

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Energy Balance Crucial to keep a solid proportion of fat and incline body mass Energy Consumption or use of calories Control over admission of calories

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Evaluating Body Weight and Body Composition Percent muscle to fat quotients and conveyance of muscle to fat ratio ratios = climate a change on body piece would enhance wellbeing. Overweight Obesity Height-Weight graphs Body Mass Index (BMI) Body Composition

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Assessment of Body Weight Measurement. Body Mass Index - BMI= (weight (kg)/Height (m)squared. lbs. = kg [lbs./2.2] inch = m [inch/39.4]. Sound BMI = 18.8 - 24.9 BMI of 25or above is Overweight BMI of 30 or above is Obese

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BMI Results Elevated BMIs dangers =. BMIs in the vicinity of 23 and 25 twofold danger of High circulatory strain in men. 26 triples the hazard. BMI of 24 expanded the advancement of Type II diabetes by five circumstances over that of a BMI of 21 in ladies.

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Methods of Determining Percent Body Fat Hydrostatic (submerged) Skinfold Electrical Impedance Analysis Waist-To-Hip proportion Waist and the most extensive piece of the hips Ratio - 1.0 or higher for men 0.8 or higher for ladies Indicate hoisted chance

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Excess Body Fat and Wellness The measure of fat in the body - and its area can effectsly affect wellbeing.

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The Health Risks of Excess Body Fat Obese people have a death rate twice that of non-corpulent Associated with: diabetes, hoisted cholesterol levels, impeded heart capacity, hypertension and growth Psychological wellbeing: sadness, body disappointment and dietary issues Body Fat conveyance and Health Apples Pears

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Diets Weight cycling or YO-YO impact of abstaining from food Some vibe that it might be unsafe to both general wellbeing and to endeavors at weight lost. Thinks about have not yet definitively demonstrated weight cycling be unsafe.

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Body Image Collective photo of the body as observed through the inner consciousness'. Discernments Images Thoughts Attitudes Emotions

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Is It Possible to Be Too Lean? Under 8% for ladies and under 5% for men. Outrageous has been connected to issues with: Reproductive Circulatory Immune framework issue Female Athlete Triad Amenorrhea

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Factors Contributing To Excess Body Fat Genetic Factors Physiological Factors Metabolism (RMR) Hormones Fat Cells Carbohydrate Craving

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Factors Contributing To Excess Body Fat Lifestyle Factors Eating Physical Activity Psychosocial

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Adopting A Healthy Lifestyle For Successful Weight Management "Typical" body weight Diet and Eating Habits Total Calories 1600 calories - Sedentary ladies and more seasoned grown-ups 2200 calories - Children, adolescent young ladies, dynamic ladies, and stationary men 2800 calories - Teenage young men, dynamic men, and exceptionally dynamic ladies.

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Adopting A Healthy Lifestyle For Successful Weight Management Portion Sizes Energy (calorie) Density Fat Calories Complex Carbohydrates Simple Sugars and Refined Carbohydrates Protein Eating Habits

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Physical Activity and Exercise Muscles requiring vitality. Not anaerobic just blazes straightforward sugars. Vigorous smolders a greater amount of the fat. Should last 15-30 minutes. Utilize all significant muscle bunches. Step by step increment time of continuance exercises.

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Adopting a Healthy Lifestyle Thinking and Emotions Coping systems

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Creating an Individual Weight Management Program Assess your inspiration and responsibility. Set a weight reduction objective that is sound and sensible. Make a negative vitality adjust. Increment your level of physical movement. Roll out improvements in your eating routine and dietary patterns. Keep records of your weight and conduct change advance.

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Overcoming a Weight Problem Self-Help programs. Introductory weight reduction from liquids. Low calorie diets should be maintained a strategic distance from. Eat less Books: Reject books with contrivances or turning levels of calories. Abstain from food Supplements and Diet Aids

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Overcoming a Weight Problem Legitimate projects give; Nutritional Education Emphasis on practice and change in way of life Individual and Group guiding Self-Help bunches Registered dietitians Physician observed program

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Weight Loss Most Experts Recommend a Gradual Weight Loss of ½ to 2 Pounds Per Week!! 1 Lb. Of Fat Is About 3,500 Calories . How? Decrease Diet by 250 Calories/day and Expend 250 Additional Calories/day

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Prescription Drug Appetite Suppressants Produce a 5-15% weight diminishment by controlling hunger. When medications are ceased most come back to unique substantial weight. Great choice for exceptionally hefty who require help beginning - lasting way of life change.

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Surgery Severely fat - BMI of 40 or higher or are 100 pounds or more over suggested weight. Roux-en-Y-gastric sidestep Liposuction

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Psychological Help Acceptance and change Can-do mentality Body Image Knowing when the cutoff points to positive development have been come to. Knowing the implausible social perfect.

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Eating Disorders Problems with body weight and weight control. 1 Million Americans create anorexia or bulimia every year - 90% are female. Considers building up a dietary problem

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Eating Disorders Anorexia Nervosa - Failure to eat enough sustenance to keep up a sensible body weight. Qualities Fear putting on weight. Misshaped mental self portrait. Enthusiastic practices and customs. Wellbeing Risks

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Eating Disorders Bulimia Nervosa - repeating scenes of gorging took after by cleansing. Qualities Rapidly devours sustenance, then cleanses. Done in mystery. After an orgy - feels embarrassed, nauseated and physically and passionate depleted. Wellbeing Risks

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Eating Disorders Binge-Eating - Similar to Bulimia aside from no Purging conduct. Eating designs - exceptionally fast, eating until awkwardly full. Frequently eat as a method for adapting. Prone to be hefty.

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Treatment Address both dietary problem, abuse of sustenance and oversee feelings Anorexia Nervosa Bulimia Nervosa Binge-Eating Today's Challenge

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Correct Weight The "right" weight for any individual ought to be the consequence of a sound way of life.

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Thank You