Utilizing The Behavioral Approach

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´╗┐Utilizing The Behavioral Approach Define and differentiate the three sorts of behavioral learning hypotheses (contiguity, established molding, and operant molding), giving cases of how each can be utilized as a part of the classroom. Created by W. Huitt & J. Hummel (1999)

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There are five classes of exercises that can be tended to with conduct change methods: Adapted from: Krumboltz, J., & Krumboltz, H. (1972). Changing youngsters' conduct . New York: Prentice-Hall. Conduct Modification Techniques Develop another conduct Strengthen a conduct Maintain a set up conduct Stop improper conduct Modify passionate conduct

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Behavior Modification Techniques Develop another conduct To educate a youngster to act in a way in which he has sometimes or at no other time carried on, reward progressive strides to the last conduct (additionally called forming). Progressive Approximation Principle

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Behavior Modification Techniques Develop another conduct To build up another conduct that the kid has not beforehand showed, orchestrate a prompt reward after each right execution. Consistent Reinforcement Principle

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Behavior Modification Techniques Develop another conduct To expand a tyke's execution especially, orchestrate him to maintain a strategic distance from or get away from a gentle aversive circumstance by enhancing his conduct or by permitting him to keep away from the aversive circumstance by acting fittingly. Negative Reinforcement Principle

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Behavior Modification Techniques Develop another conduct To educate a tyke to recollect to act at a particular time, orchestrate him to get a prompt for the right execution just before the activity is normal as opposed to after he has performed it mistakenly. Prompting Principle

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Behavior Modification Techniques Strengthen another conduct To urge a youngster to keep playing out a built up conduct with few or no prizes, continuously require a more drawn out day and age or more right reactions before a right conduct is remunerated. Diminishing Reinforcement Principle

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Behavior Modification Techniques Strengthen another conduct To enhance or increment a tyke's execution of a specific movement, furnish the tyke with a discontinuous reward. Variable Reinforcement Principle

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Behavior Modification Techniques Maintain a set up conduct To change reinforcers when a formerly successful reward is no longer controlling conduct, introduce it just before (or as quickly as time permits to) the time you display the new, ideally more viable reward. Substitution Principle

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Behavior Modification Techniques Stop an improper conduct To prevent a kid from acting especially, you may permit him to proceed (or demand that he keep) playing out the undesired demonstration until he feels worn out on it. Satiation Principle

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Behavior Modification Techniques Stop an unseemly conduct To prevent a kid from acting especially, you may orchestrate conditions with the goal that he gets no prizes taking after the undesired demonstration. Elimination Principle

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Behavior Modification Techniques Stop an unseemly conduct To prevent a youngster from acting especially, you may remunerate an option activity that is conflicting with or can't be performed in the meantime as the undesired demonstration. Contrary Alternative Principle

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Behavior Modification Techniques Stop a wrong conduct To prevent a kid from acting absolutely, expel a charming jolt instantly after the activity happens. Since reaction cost brings about expanded antagonistic vibe and animosity, it ought to just be utilized rarely and as a part of conjunction with support. Reaction Cost Principle

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Behavior Modification Techniques Modify enthusiastic conduct To instruct a tyke to stay away from a specific sort of circumstance, all the while present to the kid the circumstance to be maintained a strategic distance from (or some representation of it) and some aversive condition (or its representation). Evasion Principle

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Behavior Modification Techniques Modify enthusiastic conduct To help a tyke defeat his dread of a specific circumstance, continuously increment his introduction to the dreaded circumstance while he is generally agreeable, casual, secure or compensated. Fear Reduction Principle

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