Unit II-U.S. Remote Policy History 1865-WWII

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´╗┐Unit II-U.S. Outside Policy History 1865-WWII Chapter 21 Section 1 A Spark Ignites Europe

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10 th American History Unit II-U.S. Remote Affairs Reading Quiz for Chapter 21 Sect. 1. What was the start that began WWI? 2. In WWI whose side was Russia on? 3. In WWI whose side was France on? 4. Britain pronounced war on Germany assaulted France through what nation? 5. How did the United States feel about the War in Europe? 6. What issues were Americans having with universal law and flexibility of the oceans? 7. How did Germany authorize its battle area around the British Isles? 8. What brought America into WWI?

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No one occasion or individual created the Great War. There were numerous elements that added to preparation of the belligerents Five Major components regularly recognized as reasons for World War I (however not reasons for U.S. section) M ilitarism A lliances I mperialism N ationalism E vents or Economics Possible reasons for U.S. passage British Propaganda and Pro-British slant Submarine Warfare Munitions exchange and advances to Great Britain Zimmerman Note Sinking of the Lusitania Causes of World War I

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The Spark Serbians expected that the Archduke would proceed and even elevate the oppression of Serbs living inside the Austro-Hungarian realm. Serbia had picked up autonomy in 1878, and asserted a few locales of Bosnia and Herzegovina. which Austria-Hungary authoritatively attached. The Serbian psychological oppressor association, the Black Hand, would do the death of the Archduke. In the first place the Black Hand agents hurled a bomb at the Archduke's car. This missed. The Archduke's escort messed up and drove inside ten feet of another Black Hand specialist, Gavrilo Princip. Princip ventured up to the auto and discharged two gun shots. One projectile hit Sophie, slaughtering her in a split second. The other hit Francis Ferdinand, who kicked the bucket inside minutes. Princip endeavored suicide, yet was caught before succeeding.

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World War I Begins - The Great War Kaiser Wilhelm II on July 5 th swore that Germany would completely bolster Austria-Hungary in any activity against Serbia. On July 23, 1914, Austria-Hungary gave Serbia a long rundown of requests. On July 28, 1914, Austria-Hungary pronounced war on Serbia. World War I had started.

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World War I Begins - The Great War The Great War, as peers called it - was the principal man-made disaster of the twentieth century . In the weeks after the death, none of the basic pioneers had the power or will to back off the choices, activities, responses and state of mind movements of key government and military pioneers. By August, a huge number of Europeans - particularly the military and political pioneers of Austria-Hungary, Germany and Russia - considered war to be the best approach to spare their respect, and to tackle the interior and global issues that should have been determined.

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Allied Powers Serbia Russia France Great Britain Belgium Italy Portugal Greece Japan United States Central Powers Austria-Hungary Germany Empire Bulgaria Turkish Empire The Great War-Two Sides

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Schlieffen Plan Both sides initially trusted that the Great War would be over rapidly. In Germany, this conviction depended on a since quite a while ago settled war system called the Schlieffen Plan . Begin with a German armed force attacking Belgium(avoiding eastern French Forts) to achieve Paris. The German officers were so certain of accomplishment that Kaiser Wilhelm II announced that he would have "Paris for lunch, St. Petersburg for dinner." The arrangement required exact planning, without any intrusions in the timetable - its first target was to catch Paris in accurately 42 days, and constrain the French to surrender. The German armed forces would then move their center toward the eastern front and annihilation the Russians before they were completely arranged to battle. It began rapidly on Aug. 2, 1914 with Germany attacking Luxembourg and Belgium, yet the British, French and Russians activated snappier than anticipated.

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Stalemate The war became quickly crazy. New styles of fighting, similar to the utilization of gas and substantial cannons, created new sorts of frightfulness and uncommon levels of torment and passing. As a Germans armed force crossed into Belgium, heading for Paris, the Russian Army - moving speedier than the German officers had foreseen - was at that point pushing into East Prussia. The German strengths on the Eastern Front, in any case, immediately crushed the Tsar's armed force at the Battle of Tannenberg. In the west, as the German armed force attacked Belgium, gossipy tidbits and stories rapidly spread of the outrages the German fighters delivered upon Belgium regular folks The French, trusting the German push into Belgium to be a fake, propelled their own particular hostile on the eastern fringe amongst France and Germany the operations were lamentable, with the French armed force losing 27,000 troopers in a solitary day. At the point when the German intrusion of France neglected to take Paris or wreck French and British resistance on the waterway Marne, stalemate immediately took after, and a line of trenches soon extended along the war's Western Front from the Swiss Alps to the English Channel. Christmas Eve of 1914 saw a phenomenal ceasefire between the men battling in the trenches that had been called "the last jerk of the nineteenth century." Poison gas assault, Flanders, Belgium

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U.S. Lack of bias Aug. 4, 1914 Wilson announces the lack of bias of the United States. U.S. should be the model for world peace. U.S. more intrigued by vieing for business sectors than killin. 1915 Henry Ford contracts a Peace Ship to Stockholm, Sweden meeting January 1916 Ford, then one of the wealthiest men on the planet, really thought he could talk the pioneers of Europe into halting World War. Portage accepted on the off chance that he could just get outside pioneers to take a seat in a room, he could make them listen to reason and the war would end. Straight talk from a straightforward agent would induce where discretionary doubletalk had fizzled. A vessel of peaceful objector "Each nut case and nut in the nation needed to get on that pontoon," from communists, to prohibitionists, to hostile to smoking crusaders, to professional German partisans, and individuals from "each religious chip gather" in the nation. The Peace Expedition turned into a sham, The world press derided them brutally. It fizzled. Oskar II-Peace dispatch

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Allies U.S. communicated in English dialect. U.S. Laws and traditions in view of English establishments. All news from Europe came through British press. (Britain had cut the trans-Atlantic link) British Propaganda-monstrosity stories. Kaiser Wilhelm had made numerous warlike (battle ready) explanations. Exchange with England and Allies was tremendous. $3 Billion $2 billion in credits to Allies. Focal Powers Millions in US favored Central powers because of precursors who had been conceived in Austria, Germany or Hungary. Irish Americans were happy to see anybody battle the British. US had for quite some time been exchanging with the Germans. In any case, that dropped by 1916 from $170 million to $1 million. Ties that quandary

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Problem of Neutral Rights International Law and utilization of the Seas Neutral countries still permitted to exchange with both sides. Warring countries were permitted by International Law to stop and assess nonpartisan vessels adrift. Warring countries could grab certain war materials (Contraband)- explosives, weapons and ammo. In any case, not different products. Before sinking a business ship, the assailant needed to give cautioning. No court, or police constrain to make countries comply with the law. "Flexibility of the Seas"

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British Navy Blockade-Control the oceans and starve Germany into accommodation Contraband incorporated a wide range of merchandise including nourishment. Every single impartial ship would be looked even those going to unbiased nations. Britain would grab any ship destined for Germany. North Sea was a military are and put mines down. All infringing upon global law. English would pay for all merchandise seized after America challenged. German Submarines 1915-armada of 27 subs resisted global law. Battle region Germany proclaims this around the British Isles. Unlimited sub fighting. Prompted all neutrals not to go there or on British boats. Wilson demands under International law Americans had the privilege to cruise on any ship. Also, Germany would be responsible for all American lives. 1915-Germany sinks Lusitania, then Arabic and Sussex traveler ships. In the wake of promising not to sink unarmed traveler ships abruptly. The Problem of Neutral Rights

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Wilson's Peace Efforts In the decision of 1916 his motto had been "He kept us out of war". After 1916 Wilson still attempted to keep the US out of the war. He requested that the European forces proclaim a "Peace without triumph." But Germany reports unlimited sub fighting. Germany felt the US would be past the point of no return regardless of the possibility that they entered the war.

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The United States goes to war Zimmerman note-German minister requested that Mexico join Central forces with guarantee to give back all grounds taken by the US. 1917-Wilson arms Merchant ships for security against submarines. April 2, 1917 Wilson requests that Congress announce war on Germany. "The world must be made safe for vote based system. We should battle for the rights and freedoms of little countries." Americans should be fighters of exemplary nature.

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Wilson's 14 Points-His Dream for the world 1. Not any more mystery assentions ("Open pledges straightforwardly arrived at"). 2. Free route of all oceans. 3. A conclusion to every single monetary obstruction between nations. 4. Nations to lessen weapon numbers. 5. All choices in regards to the provinces ought to be fair 6. The German Army is to be expelled from Russia . Russia ought to be left to build up her own political set-up. 7. Belgium ought to be free similar to before the war. 8. France ought to be completely freed and permitted to recuperate Alsace-Lorraine 9. All Italians are to be permitted to live in Italy. Italy's fringes are to "along obviously conspicuous lines of nationality.&quo