UNIT 2 The Legislative Branch CHAPTER 5 Congress LESSON 1 The National Legislature

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´╗┐UNIT #2 The Legislative Branch CHAPTER #5 Congress LESSON #1 The National Legislature

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UNIT #2 The Legislative Branch CHAPTER #5 Congress LESSON #1 The National Legislature The Houses of Congress - Congress is the national lawmaking body - Congress is a bicameral assembly - meaning it has two houses - The upper house is the Senate, comprising of 100 individuals - two for each state - The lower house is the House of Representatives (HOR), comprising of 435 individuals - The quantity of individuals in the HOR depends on the number of inhabitants in every state - The Reapportionment Act of 1929 set the quantity of individuals at 435 Page 1

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UNIT #2 The Legislative Branch CHAPTER #5 Congress LESSON #1 The National Legislature Page 2

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1990-2000 2010-2020 2000-2010 Page 3

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UNIT #2 The Legislative Branch CHAPTER #5 Congress LESSON #1 The National Legislature San Francisco Bay Area Los Angeles Area California Page 4

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UNIT #2 The Legislative Branch CHAPTER #5 Congress LESSON #1 The National Legislature Changing Districts - Since the number of inhabitants in states can change, so can representation - Seats in the HOR are reallocated, or reassigned after the statistics at regular intervals - When states pick up or lose situates in the HOR they should redraw their regions -Political gatherings in power in a state often gerrymander, or attempt to draw districts lines so that its individuals will win races Page 5

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UNIT #2 The Legislative Branch CHAPTER #5 Congress LESSON #1 The National Legislature Congress " Schedule - Congress meets for a term - A term starts on January third of odd-numbered years - Terms keep going for a long time and are partitioned into two one year sessions - A session is from January until November or December - Congress breaks for occasions, travels and to permit individuals to return home to their constituents - Members of both houses must vote to dismiss Page 6

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UNIT #2 The Legislative Branch CHAPTER #5 Congress LESSON #1 The National Legislature Congress " Duties - The HOR and the Senate have comparative obligations: Pass laws Represent what they believe is best for their constituents Oversee the workings of the government Help their constituents tackle issues with the central government Page 7

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