Unit 2: Reform, Expansion, and War

Unit 2 reform expansion and war
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Part 21. Dynamic Reforms. Segment 1: The Progressive Movement. Numerous Americans weeped for change. The general population asserted government and huge business were exploiting them, as opposed to serving them.. Political Machines. Political Machines were effective associations connected to political gatherings. These gatherings controlled neighborhood government in numerous cities.These gatherings were controlled by a Politi

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Unit 2: Reform, Expansion, and War

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Chapter 21 Progressive Reforms

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Section 1: The Progressive Movement Many Americans sobbed for change. The general population asserted government and huge business were exploiting them, as opposed to serving them.

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Political Machines Political Machines were capable associations connected to political gatherings. These gatherings controlled nearby government in numerous urban communities. These gatherings were controlled by a Political Boss . They picked up votes in favor of their gatherings by doing favors for individuals. They would offer turkey meals and summer pontoon rides, and offer occupations to workers as an end-result of votes. Numerous political supervisors were unscrupulous

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Mob Mentality Corrupt government officials found various approaches to profit. They got Kickbacks . Now and then temporary workers would cheat for a venture and give the additional cash to the political manager EXAMPLE: now and again individuals in city governments would pick up learning of land to be utilized for interstates, purchase the land before people in general thought about it, and offer it back to get a higher benefit.

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Boss Tweed Boss Tweed headed New York City's political machine in the 1860's and 1870's. Tweed was so effective he controlled the police, courts, and a few daily papers. He gathered a huge number of dollars in illicit installments. Political Cartoonist Thomas Nast uncovered Tweed's operations in his daily paper, Harpers Weekly. Tweed was sentenced to jail

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Spoils System The Spoils System (Patronage)– compensating political supporters with occupations and favors . Was regular since Andrew Jackson. President Rutherford B. Hayes and James Garfield attempted to change the corruption, and bolstered Civil Service - the body of no chose government specialists. Garfield trusted individuals ought to be selected to occupations in light of capabilities , not on who bolstered who.

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Spoils System ctd Garfield was killed by an unsuccessful office searcher in 1881 preceding he could dispatch his changes. Chester A. Arthur succeeded Garfield. He set up the Civil Service Commission . This commission set up exams for individuals who needed government occupations.

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Warm-up 11/5 How did the corruption debilitate government?

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Controlling Trusts The Sherman Anti-Trust Act , was the main law to control trusts and syndications. Be that as it may, the legislature once in a while utilized it. Truth be told, many connected the demonstration toward guilds. They said when unions went on hit it meddled with exchange.

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Stopping Railroad Barons Railroads were an Oligopoly , or when a couple of extensive organizations control the costs of an industry.

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Progressives Progressivism is a blend of numerous New thoughts Government ought to direct (control) huge business Progressives felt that society had a commitment to secure every one of the general population, and help the poor Progressives needed to help the individuals who needed riches and impact

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Muckrakers Journalists helped reformers by uncovering defilement Muckrakers expounded on issues that were covered up and uncovered them They "Raked the Muck" or tidied up the earth and debasement on the planet.

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Famous Muckrakers Lincoln Steffens – Exposed degenerate machine governmental issues in NYC, Chicago, and different urban communities Ida Tarbell – Described the unjustifiable practices of the oil trust

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Upton Sinclair was a defamer who composed a book about the meatpacking business Sinclair needed to demonstrate people in general how the laborers were abused

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Sinclair Instead, he revealed appalling truths including, meat falling on the ground, rats and different rodents being grounded into the meat , and mislabeling the items. Congress reacted by passing the Meat Inspection Act in 1906, alongside the Pure Food and Drug Act , restricting the offer of destructive sustenance

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Progressives Change Government Robert La Follette "Battling Bob" won support in Wisconsin by assaulting enormous business and railways Prior to him, the competitors were picked by the political machine manager. Presently state voters could pick their applicants in a Primary

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17 th Amendment Progressive changed the way U.S. Congresspersons were chosen. The constitution permitted state councils to vote in favor of representatives straightforwardly. Beforehand, political managers ruined this procedure. In 1912, Congress passed the seventeenth Amendment to the constitution to permit coordinate decision of Senators.

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Section 2: Women and Progressives In the late 1800's ladies had less obligations : More youngsters invested energy in school Men worked far from home Technology assisted with housework

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Warm 11/6 up How did the defamers get their name. Why were they vital?

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Women and Progressives In 1910, 40% of the general population in universities were ladies Between 1890 and 1910, the quantity of ladies working outside the home went from 4 million to 7.5 million Many ladies got to be good examples for others. Jane Addams established the Hull House in Chicago, which helped the poor in awful circumstances.

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Suffrage is the privilege of ladies to vote . A man who battled for the privilege to vote was a Suffragist Famous ones were Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony.

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Two Groups The National Women's Suffrage Association battled for a change to the constitution The American Woman Suffrage Association concentrated on winning suffrage in state races. In 1890 the two gatherings met up

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Opposition Many men, and a few ladies, were against suffrage Many thought it would bombshell society's " Natural Balance," and prompt to separate and dismissed youngsters.

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Victory in the West New Western States began to permit suffrage Wyoming drove the country and was first to give ladies a chance to vote in 1890. In the vicinity of 1910 and 1913, five different states received lady suffrage. By 1919, ladies could vote in many decisions.

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Fight for an Amendment Alice Paul was a nonconformist prepared in the specialty of walks and appetite hits She met with President Woodrow Wilson in 1917, yet was not able get his support. Paul proceeded with dissents and appetite strikes until she was inevitably tossed behind bars

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Fight for an Amendment ctd… By 1917, New York allowed suffrage and the national tide started to turn. The senate passed the 19 th Amendment in 1919, which diversion ladies the privilege to vote . President Wilson passed it in dread he would lose national support. (At the time World War I was occurring)

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Temperance Movement The Temperance Movement was the development against the offer of liquor. They bolstered Prohibition , which was a law to forbid the making and the offer of liquor. The Woman's Christian Temperance Union drove the way.

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Success The counter liquor development developed in the 1900's. Individuals that needed to boycott liquor for social reasons consolidated with individuals who needed to boycott liquor for religious or good reasons. In 1917, the 18 th Amendment made it unlawful to offer liquor in the United States .

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Section 3: Progressive Presidents

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Theodore Roosevelt Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt was chosen to the workplace of Vice President An intense republican pioneer named Mark Hanna cautioned America there was presently just a single life between " That Cowboy " and the Whitehouse. Roosevelt put stock in preservation the security and conservation of characteristic assets. He was a well known outdoorsman. Not as much as after a year, President McKinley was killed

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Roosevelt was to a great degree dynamic He requested the equity framework to utilize the Sherman Anti-Trust act, which wasn't utilized to this point ever, to separate trusts Roosevelt pursued the Northern Securities Company , a railroad imposing business model in the northwest, and broke it separated. Roosevelt was a trustbuster is somebody that needed to separate huge partnerships. Trustbuster

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Labor Crisis 1902 – 100,000 United Mine Workers , a union went on strike. The popular supposition was against the proprietors Roosevelt welcomed proprietors and union pioneers to talk at the White House. Proprietors declined to show up, and Roosevelt was angry He undermined to send the armed force into run the mines and take them over himself.

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Labor Crisis Owners gave in, and specialists got better pay and sensible hours every week Other Presidents sent troops in against the strikers. This was the first run through in history troops were sent into fight the proprietors

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Square Deal When Roosevelt kept running for president in 1904, he guaranteed a Square Deal – level with treatment for all. He additionally guaranteed government would control business Before this, the nation rehearsed Laissez-faire . This French expression by and large signifies, "let individuals do as they pick." He upheld the unadulterated nourishment and medication act, which gave government consent to visit organizations and investigate items

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President Taft No president had keep running for more than two terms . So Roosevelt did not run again Taft effortlessly crushed democrat William Jennings Bryan He was not as energizing as Roosevelt, but rather won more against trust cases in 4 years than Roosevelt did in 7 years.

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Problems for Taft bolstered the 16 th Amendment – which gave congress the ability to duty individuals' salaries . (Cash they make) Progressives trusted Taft would utilize the cash to lower levies, yet duties remained the same and progressives were furious . Roosevelt was watching and was disillusioned and incensed.

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Roosevelt Challenges Taft In 1912 Roosevelt chose to keep running against Taft. Taft won the republican selection over Roosevelt , however Roosevelt was still extremely well known Roosevelt and his supporters framed the Progressive Party . They designated Roosevelt.

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Election of 1912 The republican vote was part amongst Roosevelt and Taft Woodrow Wilson , the democrat snuck in and stole

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