Understanding Diseases

2562 days ago, 789 views
PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Sorts of Pathogens. VirusesBacteriaFungiOthersRickettsiaProtozoaParasites. Continuously expect each creature is shedding pathogens. What are Diseases?. Brought about by destructive microorganisms, more often than not microbes, infections, growths or parasites that enter the bodyMicroorganisms recreate in the animal\'s bodyMake creatures debilitated by utilizing body tissues and liquids for their own needsTakes hours to weeks for sickness to appear

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1

Understanding Diseases

Slide 2

Types of Pathogens Viruses Bacteria Fungi Others Rickettsia Protozoa Parasites Always expect each creature is shedding pathogens

Slide 3

What are Diseases? Brought on by destructive microorganisms, generally microbes, infections, growths or parasites that enter the body Microorganisms replicate in the creature's body Make creatures wiped out by utilizing body tissues and liquids for their own particular needs Takes hours to weeks for ailment to show up (hatching period)

Slide 4

Types of Pathogens Viruses Less liable to be transmitted starting with one animal varieties then onto the next than alternate irresistible specialists Examples: Parvoviruses – canine parvovirus, panleukopenia Coronaviruses – canine coronavirus, FIP Paramyxoviruses – canine parainfluenza, canine distemper, mumps, measles Retroviruses – Feline leukemia, FIV, HIV Herpesviruses – CHV, FHV, chickenpox, fever rankles, herpes simplex Caliciviruses – cat calicivirus Adenoviruses – CAV-2, basic icy

Slide 5

Diseases of Dogs

Slide 6

Dog Diseases Upper respiratory contamination (URI) Also known as "pet hotel hack," CONTAGIOUS Caused by: microscopic organisms (Bordetella, Mycoplasma) as well as infections (parainfluenza CPI, adenovirus sort 2 CAV-2) Symptoms of regular cool – hacking, choking ordinarily leaves all alone can form into incessant hack or bronchopneumonia in youthful, not well, focused on mutts

Slide 7

Dog Diseases Other maladies bringing on indications of URI Canine Distemper (additionally neurologic and GI) - CDV Canine herpesvirus (likewise regenerative) - CHV Mycoplasma (numerous different illnesses) Pneumonia (many causes) Viral –canine flu, canine distemper Bacterial – many, including Bordetella and Mycoplasma Fungal – Histoplasma, Blastomyces, others Parasitic – moving parasites (numerous), lungworms Capillaria and Aelurostrongylus

Slide 8

Dog Diseases Upper respiratory contamination (URI) Transmission: Aerosol – CDV, CPI, Bordetella, CAV-2 Direct – CHV, Mycoplasma Fomites – CHV, Bordetella Fecal-oral - CDV Incubation: 1-14 days, contingent upon operator Agents can be shed for 1 week to numerous months, contingent upon the cause Asymptomatic bearers CHV, Bordetella, Mycoplasma

Slide 9

Dog Diseases Upper respiratory contamination (URI) Diagnosis: PCR for infections Culture for microorganisms Treatment: Antivirals for herpesvirus Tetracycline for microbes Vaccines accessible – intranasal works quicker (2 days) than injectable (2 weeks) Best assurance when both are utilized as a part of arrangement ZOONOSES: Bordetella

Slide 10

Dog Diseases Canine Distemper Highly infectious and frequently lethal Caused by infection – canine distemper infection (CDV) Puppies exceedingly defenseless Transmitted by fecal-oral or airborne Incubation period 9-14 days Begins as URI, trailed by intestinal manifestations, then harms sensory system High fever, eye and nose release, hard footpads, jerking, seizures

Slide 11

Dog Diseases Canine Distemper Can shed infection up to 3 months Asymptomatic transporters are conceivable Diagnosis – PCR, conjunctival swab, electron microscopy of pee, trademark retinal sores Recent immunization can bring about false positive PCR Therapy – strong just Highly compelling recombinant inoculation accessible Mortality >50% in grown-ups and >80% in puppies Survivors can have long haul neurologic issues

Slide 12

Dog Diseases Canine Influenza sort An infection 2 clinical disorders: Mild frame hack for 10-30 days, looks like pet hotel hack May have nasal release Resolves without treatment

Slide 13

Dog Diseases Canine Influenza 2 clinical disorders Severe shape High fever – 104-106F Hemorrhagic pneumonia – hacking blood and trouble breathing Secondary bacterial pneumonia Rapid onset – demise that day if serious 5-8% death rate in high hazard populaces (pet hotels)

Slide 14

Dog Diseases Canine Influenza 50-80% of tainted pooches demonstrate ailment – for the most part gentle Virus is shed for 5-7 days Treatment Mild frame – Antitussives (hack suppressants) Antibiotics (doxycycline) just in high hazard patients (covers)

Slide 15

Dog Diseases Canine Influenza Treatment Severe shape – IV liquids IV Antibiotics – doxycycline and penicillin Tamiflu

Slide 16

Dog Diseases Canine Influenza Prevention Vaccine – restricted helpfulness Does not forestall contamination or shedding Lessens seriousness of side effects and span of shedding Killed antibody requires no less than 2 measurements, 2 weeks separated to produce results Immunity is best 1-2 weeks after the second dosage Little help to mutts in safe house under 3 weeks Vaccine is just restrictively authorized as of now Susceptible to most disinfectants, including quats

Slide 17

Dog Diseases Canine Influenza Diagnosis Send 2 serum tests dismantled 2 weeks to Cornell University Vet School PCR is accessible yet untrustworthy Canine influenza (H3N8) is not zoonotic

Slide 18

Dog Diseases Parvovirus Came about in 1978 – cat panleukopenia infection changed (some think it was the antibody infection) Highly infectious and once in a while deadly Caused by canine parvovirus Attacks quickly isolating cells in the body intestinal coating – ridiculous loose bowels and regurgitating heart - extremely youthful puppies, when heart is framing Bone marrow – low white numbers and serious disease (this is typically what causes passing) Affects puppies all the more oftentimes and seriously, and once in a while grown-up unvaccinated puppies

Slide 19

Dog Diseases Parvovirus Transmission – fecal-oral CPV-2b can be transmitted to felines Incubation period: 4-14 days Sheds infection for 7-12 days Virus stays in the earth for quite a long time to years Diagnosis – fecal ELISA test, low CBC Recent immunization can give false positive Treatment – steady, anti-toxins, deworm "High Titer" antibodies are a great deal more viable

Slide 20

Dog Diseases Coronavirus Contagious intestinal infection Similar to parvo yet less extreme Usually influences puppies, and is normally self constraining in solid pooches Can be more extreme in pushed or malnourished mutts Transmission: fecal-oral Incubation: 1-4 days

Slide 21

Dog Diseases Coronavirus Virus is shed for around 2 weeks Asymptomatic transporters are conceivable Signs – retching, yellow to orange looseness of the bowels (may have blood) Diagnosis: PCR Treatment: strong Vaccine is not suggested by AAHA More of an issue in a sanctuary setting than in "this present reality"

Slide 22

Dog Diseases Infectious Canine Hepatitis Contagious viral ailment Caused by an adenovirus (CAV-2) Transmitted by introduction to the pee of a tainted puppy Causes aggravation of the liver Acute liver disappointment Chronic liver sickness Effective antibody accessible

Slide 23

Dog Diseases Whipworms Trichuris vulpis Causes the runs with bodily fluid and bits of blood. Transmission: fecal-oral Pre-patent period – a little while Asymptomatic transporters conceivable Diagnosis: fecal buoyancy Eggs are shed irregularly Treatment: fenbendazole (Panacur)

Slide 24

Sarcoptic Mange - Scabies Caused by parasite Sarcoptes scabiei that tunnels in the skin Highly infectious to different canines (any age) Causes balding and exceptional tingling Transmission: coordinate, fomites Incubation regularly 1-2 weeks or longer Shed creatures until treated No asymptomatic bearers

Slide 25

Sarcoptic Mange - Scabies Diagnosis: Can be extremely hard to discover ("Sarcoptes Incognito") Sometimes observe bugs on profound skin scratching (utilize mineral oil) Pinnal-pedal reflex – back leg scratches when you crease the ear fold on a similar side Treatment: Mites are by and large simple to kill; treat at regular intervals until recuperated (2-3x) Ivermectin, Revolution (selamectin) LymDyp, Paramite Dip ZOONOSIS: Can briefly contaminate people and felines (up to 3 weeks)

Slide 26

Diseases of Cats

Slide 27

Cat Diseases Upper respiratory disease (URI) Highly infectious, once in a while causes demise, typically leaves all alone can form into bronchopneumonia in youthful, badly, focused on felines Chronic diseases conceivable (FHV and calici) Caused by: Calicivirus – eyes, nose, oral ulcers Herpesvirus – eyes, nose (incessant) Bacteria - Bordetella, Chlamydia, Mycoplasma – eyes are most exceedingly terrible

Slide 28

Cat Diseases Upper respiratory disease (URI) Transmission: Aerosol – FCV, FHV (rhinotracheitis), Bordetella 4 feet every which way Fomites – FCV, Bordetella Direct – Chlamydia, Mycoplasma Live for just a couple of hours off the catlike body Incubation – 1-14 days (infections shorter) Asymptomatic bearers feasible for all (Chlamydia is uncommon) Definitive Diagnosis once in a while vital

Slide 29

Cat Diseases Upper respiratory disease (URI) Symptoms: eyes – red, release FHV can bring about corneal ulcers Coughing and wheezing Fever Anorexia, dormancy, lack of hydration Oral ulcers – particularly FHV and calicivirus Joint torment and wounding – "executioner" calicivirus

Slide 30

Cat Diseases Upper respiratory disease (URI) Treatment: strong Antivirals – FHV (not FCV) Bacteria – tetraycycline (PO and eye salve) CAREFUL of triple anti-toxin eye balm. Uncommon yet lethal anaphylactic responses have been accounted for Use Terramycin or erythromycin eye balm Vaccines accessible, somewhat successful ZOONOSIS – Bordetella, Chlamydia

Slide 31

Cat Diseases Panleukopenia (cat parvovirus) Also known as catlike distemper Viral illness that might be lethal Affects little cats and seldom unvaccinated felines, likewise raccoons Causes premature births and fetal mind absconds in pregnant felines Not the same as canine distemper, and not infectious to pooches Similar to Parvo in mutts—loose bowels with blood, regurgitating bile, dormancy, fever then subnormal

Slide 32

Cat Diseases Panleukopenia (cat parvovirus) Transmission fecal-oral Also shed in pee, spit, regurgitation and blood (bugs) Incubation 4-14 days (typically under 10) Shed infection for 10-12 days Canine parvo test positive No asymptomatic bearers Treatment: same concerning canine parvovirus Deadly to cats, frequently inside 12-72 hours 75% mortality < 4 months, half > 4 months Very viable immunization accessible

Slide 33

Cat Diseas