Understanding and Applying Theories of Career Development

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Things to ask About Theories. How well does the theorydescribe the profession improvement process for assorted populations?describe the vocation advancement process generally?identify the variables included in profession decision?. Things to ask About Theories proceeded. How well does the theoryinform practice?provide documentation of experimental support?cover all parts of vocation improvement?.

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Understanding and Applying Theories of Career Development Chapter 2

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Questions to Ask About Theories How well does the hypothesis portray the profession advancement prepare for assorted populaces? portray the vocation advancement prepare for the most part? distinguish the components required in vocation decision?

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Questions to Ask About Theories proceeded with How well does the hypothesis illuminate rehearse? give documentation of observational support? cover all parts of profession advancement?

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Super's Life-Span, Life-Space Theory A differential-formative social-phenomenological vocation hypothesis (Super, 1969) Built on 14 presumptions

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Assumptions of Super's Theory People vary in their capacities, identities, needs, values, interests, qualities, and self-ideas. Individuals are qualified, by temperance of these attributes, for various occupations. Every occupation requires a trademark example of capacities and identity attributes.

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Assumptions of Super's Theory proceeded with Vocational inclinations and capabilities, the circumstances in which individuals live and work, and subsequently, their self-ideas change with time and experience. The way of the profession example… is controlled by the individual's parental financial level, mental capacity, instruction, aptitudes, identity attributes, vocation development, and by the chances to which he or she is uncovered.

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Assumptions of Super's Theory proceeded with Success in adapting at any given life-profession arrange relies on upon the preparation of the person to adapt to the requests of that stage. Vocation development is a group of stars of physical, mental, and social attributes.

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Assumptions of Super's Theory proceeded with Development through the life stages can be guided, halfway by encouraging the developing of capacities and interests and mostly by helping in actuality testing and the advancement of self-ideas. The procedure of profession advancement is basically that of improvement and executing word related self-ideas.

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Assumptions of Super's Theory, proceeded with Work fulfillments and life fulfillments rely on upon the degree to which the individual finds sufficient outlets for capacities, needs, values, interests, identity characteristics, and self-ideas. Work and occupation give a concentration to identity association for most men and ladies, in spite of the fact that for a few people this concentration is fringe or even nonexistent.

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Life Span Growth - dream, premiums, limits Exploration - solidifying, determining, executing Establishment - balancing out, merging, propelling Maintenance - holding, refreshing, developing Disengagement - decelerating, retirement arranging, retirement living

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Life Space While specialists are caught up with acquiring a living, they are likewise bustling carrying on with an existence (Savickas) The synchronous blend of life parts we play constitutes the way of life; their consecutive mix structures the life space and constitutes the life cycle; the aggregate structure is the vocation design. (Super)

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Life Space, proceeded with The notability individuals join to the group of stars of life parts they play characterizes life structure. The life space portion of the hypothesis recognizes that individuals contrast in the level of significance they join to work.

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Life Roles People tend to play a few or all of nine noteworthy parts: Son or little girl Student Leisurite Citizen Worker Spouse (Partner) Homemaker Parent Pensioner

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Life Roles The theaters for these life parts are the home, school, working environment, and group.

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Self-Concept Career choices mirror our endeavors at making an interpretation of our self-comprehension into profession terms. (Super, 1984) Self-ideas contain both target and subjective components. Self-ideas keep on developing after some time, settling on vocation decisions and acclimating to them deep rooted undertakings.

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Career Development and Assessment (C-DAC Model) Super and his partners interpreted the three fragments of the hypothesis into the C-DAC Model. Evaluations utilized as a part of the model incorporate Career Development Inventory Adult Career Concerns Inventory Salience Inventory Values Scale Self-Directed Search

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Super's Thematic Extrapolation Method Addresses subjective vocation improvement Gives guides the part of history specialists who welcome customers to build self-portraying stories of advancement Life stories are inspected for repetitive topics or strings of congruity that comprehend the past, clarify the present, and draw a diagram for what's to come.

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Steps in the Thematic Extrapolation Method Step 1 : Analyze past conduct and improvement for repeating subjects and hidden patterns. Step 2 : Summarize each topic and pattern, considering alternate subjects and patterns. Step 3 : Project the changed subjects and patterns into the future by extrapolation.

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Steps in Super's Cyclical Model of Career Counseling Nondirective issue investigation and self-idea depiction Directive theme setting Nondirective reflection and illumination of feeling for self-acknowledgment and understanding Directive investigation for true information Nondirective investigation of states of mind and emotions Nondirective thought of conceivable activities

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Gottfredson's Theory Addresses the way that men and ladies have a tendency to contrast in their word related desires Offers a formative, sociological point of view of profession advancement Focuses basically on the vocation improvement prepare as it identifies with the sorts of bargains individuals make

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Gottfredson's Theory, proceeded with Circumscription - the way toward killing inadmissible word related options construct principally in light of sex and social class Compromise - the way toward altering profession decisions because of constraining components, for example, accessibility of employments

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Circumscription: Stages of Development Stage 1 : Orientation to size and power Stage 2 : Orientation to sex parts Stage 3 : Orientation to social valuation Stage 4 : Orientation to the inner, one of a kind self

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Applying Gottfredson's Theory to Practice Programs ought to be touchy to the mental capacities of the age amass. acquaint understudies with the full expansiveness of alternatives. show for adolescents their circumscription of choices. be delicate to the measurements of self and occupations along which circumscriptions and trade off happen so that their part can be investigated.

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Gottfredson's Criteria for Determining a Counselee's Restriction of Options Able to name at least one word related choices Possesses premiums and capacities satisfactory for the occupation(s) picked Satisfied with the choices recognized Has not superfluously limited choices Is mindful of chances and practical about impediments

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Holland's Theory of Person-Environment Interactions Most people can be ordered as one of six sorts: Realistic Investigative Artistic Social Enterprising Conventional

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Holland's Theory, proceeded There are six conditions: Realistic Investigative Artistic Social Enterprising Conventional

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Holland's Theory, proceeded with People look for situations that will give them a chance to utilize their aptitudes and capacities, express their states of mind and values, and go up against pleasant issues and parts. A man's conduct is controlled by an association between his or her identity and the qualities of his or her condition.

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Conforming Humble Frank Materialistic Persistent Genuine Practical Hardheaded Shy Honest Thrifty The Realistic Type

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Analytical Independent Cautious Intellectual Pessimistic Introverted Precise Critical Rational Curious Reserved The Investigative Type

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Imaginative Original Disorderly Impractical Intuitive Emotional Impulsive Nonconforming Expressive Open The Artistic Type

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Idealistic Helpful Cooperative Kind Sympathetic Friendly Patient Tactful Generous Responsible Understanding The Social Type

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Domineering Optimistic Adventurous Energetic Pleasure-chasing Extroverted Ambitious Impulsive Self-certain Sociable Popular The Enterprising Type

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Conforming Inhibited Persistent Conscientious Obedient Practical Careful Orderly Thrifty Efficient Unimaginative The Conventional Type

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The Realistic Environment Requires unequivocal, requested, or deliberate control of items, instruments, machines, or creatures Encourages individuals to view themselves as having mechanical capacity Rewards individuals for showing customary values and urges them to see the world in basic, substantial, and conventional terms

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The Investigative Environment Requires the typical, methodical, and innovative examination of physical, natural or social wonders Encourages logical skills and accomplishments and seeing the world in unpredictable and unusual ways Rewards individuals for showing logical qualities

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The Artistic Environment Requires support in equivocal, free, and unsystematized exercises to make works of art or items Encourages individuals to view themselves as having aesthetic capacities and to consider themselves to be expressive, nonconforming, autonomous, and instinctive Rewards individuals for the show of masterful qualities

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The Social Environment Requires support in exercises that educate, prepare, create, cure, or illuminate Requires individuals to consider themselves to be getting a kick out of the chance to help other people, as being comprehension of others, and of seeing the world in adaptable ways Rewards individuals for the show of social qualities

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The Enterprising Environment Requires cooperation in exercises that include the control of others to achieve hierarchical and self-premium objectives Requires individuals to view themselves as forceful, prominent, self-assured, and amiable Encourages individuals to see the world as far as