Tyke Growth and Development, ELED 132

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A Life-Span Approach: Erikson\'s Theory. Trust versus Question (Infancy)Autonomy versus Shame and Doubt (Toddler Years)Initiative versus Guilt (Preschool Years)Industry versus Inferiority (Elementary School Years)Identity versus Role Confusion (Adolescence)Intimacy versus Isolation (Young Adulthood)Generativity versus Stagnation (Middle Age)Integrity versus Despair (Retire Year).

Presentation Transcript

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Kid Growth and Development, ELED 132 Dr. Andrew Whitehead More data at: www.esu.edu/~andrew

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A Life-Span Approach: Erikson's Theory Trust versus Question (Infancy) Autonomy versus Shame and Doubt (Toddler Years) Initiative versus Guilt (Preschool Years) Industry versus Inferiority (Elementary School Years) Identity versus Role Confusion (Adolescence) Intimacy versus Isolation (Young Adulthood) Generativity versus Stagnation (Middle Age) Integrity versus Despair (Retire Year)

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Personal and Emotional Development Early Attachments John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth Individual Differences in Attachment Ethological connection – bond amongst guardian and youngster Secure connection Insecure-avoidant connection Insecure-safe connection Disorganized and bewildered connection

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Personal and Emotional Development Early Attachments Origins of Attachment Security Quality of relationship Culture Children themselves

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Personal and Emotional Development Attachment Security and Later Development Implications of Attachment Research – a couple Cultivate solid associations with youthful kids in your care Acknowledge and energize numerous connections Support families when guardians encounter trouble Seek the exhortation of specialists

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Emotional Development Emotions – full of feeling reaction to an occasion, sentiments Happiness Anger Fear Sadness Disgust Anxiety Shame Guilt Pride

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Emotional Development Developmental Changes in Emotions Children figure out how to control their activities in light of other individuals' passionate expressions. Kids grow their collection of essential feelings to incorporate reluctant feelings Children and teenagers step by step figure out how to direct their feelings Using techniques to oversee reactions to unpleasant circumstances

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Emotional Development Developmental Changes in Emotional Functioning Adolescence brings new tensions and weights

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Emotional Development Group Differences Gender contrasts After age 2, contrasts emerge Boys demonstrate more outrage than young ladies Girls react all the more adversely to disappointment Differences could be hormonal Differences could be ecological Cultural contrasts There are a few contrasts – Japan, China – held Socioeconomic contrasts Children from lower financial gatherings are likely have more troubles

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Emotional Development Promoting Emotional Development in the Classroom Create an environment of warmth, acknowledgment and trust Encourage kids to express their sentiments Discuss feelings of characters they contemplate in writing and history Take social contrasts into record Pay regard for your own particular feelings

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Emotional Development Promoting Emotional Development in the Classroom Help understudies keep their uneasiness at a sensible level Anxiety – enthusiastic state described by stress and dread Model fitting methods for managing pessimistic feelings

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Emotional Problems in Children and Adolescents Externalizing practices – undesirable feeling, conduct, or a blend that influences other individuals (animosity, absence of control) Internalizing practices – undesirable feeling, conduct, or a mix that principally influences oneself (discouragement, social withdrawal, self-destructive propensities)

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Emotional Problems in Children and Adolescents Depression Suicide Anxiety issue Conduct issue

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Emotional Problems in Children and Adolescents Working with Young People Who Have Serious Emotional Problems Show an enthusiasm for their prosperity Teach social aptitudes Provide additional structure for youths Set sensible conduct limits

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Temperament and Personality – trademark way a man acts, considers, and feels Temperament – a kid's average method for reacting to occasions

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Personality Extraversion – being socially cordial Agreeableness – being warm and thoughtful Conscientiousness – being persevering and sorted out Neuroticism – being restless and frightful Openness – being interested and inventive

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Helping Children Be Themselves Identify the sorts of dispositions that you normally incline toward, and also those that push your catches Adjust to you kids' stylistics methods for reacting to the world Consider kids' demeanors when framing bunches

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Helping Children Be Themselves Allow kids to apply their regular qualities, additionally urge them to experiment with new methodologies for learning Communicate your assumptions about adequate practices In the classroom post decides Set up schedules that adolescents can take after

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Helping Children Be Themselves Help kids adapt to change in schedules Physically organize the classroom to limit disturbances and commotion Make proper alteration for youngsters who indicate uncommonly high or low levels on at least one identity measurements Recognize the multifaceted nature of kids' identities