Towards a Code of Conduct for Scientists - UNESCO and the morals of science - Division of Ethics of Science and Techno

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Towards a Set of accepted rules for Researchers? - UNESCO and the morals of science - Division of Morals of Science and Innovation UNESCO __________________________________________. BIOETHICS AND Morals OF SCIENCE AT UNESCO UNESCO first reflections on morals of life sciences

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Towards a Code of Conduct for Scientists? - UNESCO and the morals of science - Division of Ethics of Science and Technology UNESCO __________________________________________

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BIOETHICS AND ETHICS OF SCIENCE AT UNESCO UNESCO first reflections on morals of life sciences 1974 Recommendation on the Status of Scientific Researchers 1993 Start bioethics program with making of International Bioethics Committee (IBC), made out of 36 autonomous specialists assigned by DG 1998 Creation of Intergovernmental Bioethics Committee (IGBC) composed of delegates of 36 Member States chose by the General Conference 1998 Expansion of program to morals of logical information and technology. Production of the World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology (COMEST), made out of 18 independent specialists, assigned by DG and chose in consultation with Nat Coms and Academies of Sciences

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The Division of the Ethics of Science and Technology in Paris HQ goes about as the Secretariat of these three admonitory bodies. These Committees collaborate to deliver counsel, suggestions and proposition that each submits to the Director-General for thought by UNESCO's overseeing bodies and selection by Member States.

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The World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology What is the undertaking of COMEST? T o define, consistently, moral rule that can reveal insight into the different decisions and effects occasioned by new progressions in logical and innovative fields, in this way cultivating a helpful moral discourse on the qualities in question.

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For the biennium 2006-2007 , the activity of COMEST is focused on new subjects that have been distinguished as center issues: Environmental morals Feasibility contemplate on a moral set of principles for researchers Ethics of new and developing innovation (nanotechnology) Ethics instructing

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COMEST has held four Ordinary Sessions Oslo (Norway), April 1999 Berlin (Germany), December 2001 Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), December 2003 Bangkok (Thailand), March 2005 Next Session: AFRICA, 2007 Youth Forum Youth Forum Ministerial Meeting Youth Forum Ministerial Meeting

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Members of COMEST (Jan 2006) Mrs. Pilar Armanet, Chairperson, Chile, teacher Mr. Khalid Abdulla Al-Ali, Qatar, researcher Mr. Ruben Apressyan, Russian Federation, scholar Mrs. Midge Decter , United States of America, instructor Mr. Cheick Modibo Diarra, Mali, researcher Mr. Jun Fudano, Japan, logician Mr. Diego Gracia, Spain, savant Mr. Johan Hattingh, South Africa, rationalist Mrs. Tafeeda Jarbawi, Palestine, teacher Mr. Luiz Hildebrando Pereira da Silva, Brazil, researcher Mrs. Marta Kollárová, Slovak Republic , researcher Mr. Ulrich Heinz Jürgen Körtner , Austria, thinker Mr. Alain Pompidou, France, restorative specialist Mrs. Leila Seth, India, law specialist Mr. Sang-yong Song, South Korea, history specialist Mrs. Nadja Tollemache, New Zealand, legal scholar Mr. Zhihong Xu , People's Republic of China, researcher

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Areas of work Capacity building - "Morals around the globe": turning meetings giving data about UNESCO's exercises reaching and systems administration with national and territorial specialists - Global Ethics Observatory (GEObs): arrangement of databases' who in morals? Establishments, offices, focuses, commissions Teaching morals programs Legislation, rules, arrangements Codes of Conduct

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Areas of work standard setting Code of Conduct for Scientists Ethical Principles for Environment Ethical Principles for Outer Space

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Towards a Code of Conduct for researchers Why is there new talk? - changing setting of science -essential estimations of science indistinct -difficulties of execution of UN writings and global codes in various societies… Call for new reflection on universal level 1999: World Conference on Science, Budapest 2001: ICSU inquire about 2002: UN Policy Working Group 2003: UN Interagency meeting at UNESCO 2004: UNESCO 3. UNESCO/COMEST exercises

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Changing setting of science Hostile and double use Political weights Economic weights Pressure to distribute Scientific unfortunate behavior Nov.2005: South Korea: Professor Woo Suk Hwang and undifferentiated cell research Jan.2006: Norway The Lancet 2005; 366: 1359-66 Non-steroidal mitigating drugs and the danger of oral malignancy: a settled case-control ponder. Sudbo J, Lee JJ, Lippman SM, Mork J, Sagen S, Flatner N, Ristimaki A, Sudbo A, Mao L, Zhou X, Kildal W, Evensen JF, Reith A, Dannenberg AJ .

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Changing setting of science Hostile and double use Political weights Pressure to distribute Economic weights Scientific offense New reflection on the essential estimations of science January 2006: Indian Science Congress, Swiss Nobel laureate Richard Ernst: - "there is lost the acknowledged moral establishments of research" - It is lacking to just prepare pros in science and innovation; morals and social duties must be considered as imperative as logical aptitudes, learning and comprehension

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BASIC VALUES OF SCIENCE self-sufficient values heteronomous values characteristic for science Personal premiums/values Science = quest for truth Political premium/values Robert K. Merton (1957): Organized distrust Independence Universalism Communalism Economic interests/values Military interests/values Science = information creation

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The require another reflection on global level Nov. 1974 – UNESCO 18 th General Conference embraces the " Recommendation on the Status of Scientific Researchers " calling for: Scientific analysts' exceptionally dependable demeanor Encouragement of soul of group administration Development of instructive procedures for arousing and empowering moral individual qualities and propensities for mind Reinforcement of logical specialists' feeling of work Definition of logical scientist's moral duties and rights

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The require another reflection on worldwide level World Conference on Science, Budapest, 1999 Special thoughtfulness regarding moral standards and obligations in the act of science The WCS International Forum of Young Scientists firmly underpins the foundation of a logical Hippocratic Oath The last record "Science Agenda – A system for activity" states: " Ethics and duty in science ought to be an essential piece of the training and preparing of all researchers" … "Youthful researchers ought to be properly urged to regard and hold fast to the fundamental moral standards and obligations of science". UNESCO's World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology (COMEST) and ICSU have an uncommon obligation to catch up on this issue

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Report of the Secretary-General Policy Working Group on the UN and Terrorism (2002) 11 Sept. 2001 - the psychological oppressor assault against USA includes a particular hostile to fear monger worry to the logical morals plan October 2001 - UN Secretary-General builds up a " Policy Working Group on the United Nations and Terrorism " to recognize longer-term suggestions and expansive strategy measurements of fear based oppression for the United Nations 2002 - The Working Group issues a Report with 31 Recommendations

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Report of the Secretary-General Policy Working Group on the UN and Terrorism (2002) Recommendation 21 " Relevant UN workplaces ought to be entrusted with delivering proposition to strengthen moral standards, and the making of sets of accepted rules for researchers , through universal and national logical social orders and foundations that show sciences or designing abilities identified with weapons innovations, ought to be supported. Such sets of accepted rules would intend to keep the inclusion of guard researchers or specialized specialists in psychological oppressor exercises and limit free to learning and ability on the improvement, creation, stockpiling and utilization of weapons of mass decimation or related innovations ."

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Report of the Secretary-General Policy Working Group on the UN and Terrorism (2002) The UN General Assembly and Security Council underwrite the Report and its Recommendations, transmitting it to every one of the Organizations and Specialized Agencies of the United Nations System February 2003 - An UN Inter-Agency Consultative Meeting is held at UNESCO HQs in Paris, to talk about Recommendation 10 (concentrated on training, resistance and regard of human poise) and Recommendation 21 of the Report

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United Nations Inter-Agency consultative meeting, 26 February 2003 – UNESCO Headquarters, Paris General Recommendations: Encouraging moral sets of principles for researchers and architects Promoting morals of science instruction and mindfulness COMEST could assume a conclusive part in cultivating discourse on instruction and morals of science Involvement of COMEST together with ICSU in the field of morals of science and duty of researchers The moral undertaking given by the WCS to COMEST and ICSU is reviewed and strengthened

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ICSU Standards for Ethics and Responsibility in Science (2001) ICSU investigate considers 115 moral gauges for science (39 universal and 23 national) demonstrates an exponential increment of the quantity of norms throughout the years (6 preceding 1970; more than 40 amid most recent 5 years)

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ICSU Standards for Ethics and Responsibility in Science (2001) Material is arranged into 15 classes vow, promise, code, rules, affirmation, standards, offer, proposal, pronouncement, explanation, assertion, determination, tradition, sanction, law, others Five bunch bunches vow, rules, proclamation, law, others Out of 115 moral measures, just 6 are vows and vows, as a vow is seen to be of a more restricting nature than insignificant guidel

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