The Way of Social Connections

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The Traditional Image of Classical Greece. The Greeks were the establishing human progress that

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The Nature of Social Relationships Ancient to Early-Modern Times

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The Traditional Image of Classical Greece The Greeks were the establishing development that "concocted" numerous characteristics we connect with Western Civilization. Our cutting edge ideas of writing, dramatization, reasoning, science, arithmetic, and political hypothesis were unequivocally impacted by Greek thought. Greek artisans are noted for creating traditional models of design and figure that still persevere.

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Images of a "Brilliant Age"

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The Role of Women in Greek Life Ancient Greece was an extremely patriarchal (male-commanded) society. A spouse was seen as the property of her better half and was kept in disconnection. Predominance (and contempt) of ladies regularly circumscribed upon misogyny. Love of ladies considered auxiliary (or suspect) contrasted with the adoration for kindred men.

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"The power of the people of old" Aristotle composed, "The male is by nature unrivaled, and the female second rate; and the one tenets and the other is ruled." In his acclaimed "Burial service Oration," Pericles informed the ladies with respect to Athens to (1) raise more kids for Athens; (2) not indicate more shortcoming than is regular for their sex; and (3) maintain a strategic distance from babble, great or terrible.

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A Lesser Sense of Personhood Origin of the word ladylike – "fe" from confidence + short. Ladies were considerably weaker to hold and save the confidence. Antiquated Greeks utilized a similar word for lady and spouse .

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Facts for Consideration The typical proportion of young ladies to young men during childbirth is 100 : 105. Registration figures from old Greece propose that 10% of female children in Athens were not raised by their families. Numerous were left beyond words introduction to the components. In antiquated Greece, future for men was 42 years; for ladies 36 years.

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"Whores we have for delight, mistresses for every day physical participation, spouses to hold up under us authentic kids and be our loyal servants." - an Athenian speaker – Note: In old Greece enticement was seen as a wrongdoing more prominent than assault.

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Phokylides of Miletus, Satire on Women , c. 440 BCE "The tribe of ladies is of these four sorts - that of a pooch, that of a honey bee, that of a husky sow, and that of a since a long time ago maned female horse. This last is sensible, speedy, enamored with gadding about, fine of figure; the sow kind is neither great nor terrible; that of the canine is troublesome and growling; however the honey bee like lady is a decent servant, and knows how to work. This attractive marriage, go to get, dear companion." Hipponax, On Women, c. 580 BCE "Two upbeat days a lady brings a man: the main, when he weds her; the second, when he bears her to the grave."

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Hiram Powers' "The Greek Slave" (1844) Displayed at the Crystal Palace in London (1851). The picture evoked reestablished dialog of ladies and slaves in Greek society.

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Sonnet by Elizabeth Barrett Browning - Critical of Greek Attitudes Toward Women and Slaves – (a reaction to "The Greek Slave" form)

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The Hidden Side of Ancient Greek Society One of the things that added to the personal satisfaction that the Greeks experienced was their inventive utilization of relaxation time. The city-conditions of antiquated Greece depended intensely upon the work of slaves. This practice exempted residents from a great part of the drudgery of hard physical work.

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An Old and Extensive Practice In Works and Days – expounded on 705 B.C.E., Hesiod recognizes that a class of slaves exist in Greek society. Slaves were for the most part outsiders, prisoners of war, or the offspring of hostages held in subjugation. Aegean islands like Delos got to be slave-exchanging focuses – equipped for sending and getting 10,000 slaves for each day.

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Strabo: Geographia, [written c. 20 A.D.], around 550 BCE "And the sanctuary of Aphrodite [at Corinth] was rich to the point that it claimed more than a thousand sanctuary slaves - whores - whom both free men and ladies had devoted to the goddess. What's more, in this way it was likewise because of these sanctuary whores that the city was swarmed with individuals and developed rich; for example, the ship commanders uninhibitedly misused their cash, and henceforth the adage, "Not for each man is the voyage to Corinth."

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Demosthenes: Against Timocrates. c. 350 BCE "If, men of their word of the jury, you will turn over in your psyches the question what is the contrast between being a slave and being a liberated person, you will find that the greatest distinction is that the body of a slave is made in charge of every one of his wrongdoings, though whipping is the keep going punishment to cause on a liberated individual."

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Standards and Double Standards Solon, the shrewd Athenian lawgiver, precluded all offers of kids into subjection aside from the offer of a young lady who had lost her virginity.

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Antigone Meaning of the name Antigone = "A lady who has neglected to recover." What does the dramatist Sophocles say in regards to Greek society when he makes a play that components an adamant lady? Would it be a good idea for us to peruse the play as social parody? As a discourse in transit that things ought to be (or really were)?

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The Book of Proverbs Old Testament book (of Writings) connected with post-banish Judaism. Most incorporate utilization of likeness or illustration. Short terse proclamations intended to frame a versatile code of ethical quality and lead.

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Change from chasing/gathering way of life to agrarian culture constrained individuals to figure out how to live in nearer closeness with others This advancement brought forth new issues that must be managed: Public versus private space Civility Intimacy Role of family/kids (youngsters are generally missing from compositions until the 17 th century)

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau 1712-1778 An Enlightenment essayist who affected Romanticism His works concentrate on independence and the dismissal of forced examples of conduct, regularly utilizing passionate and wistful dialect

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Rousseau (compositions) In Emile (1762), Rousseu advocates an "arrival to nature" as the best training for a kid A basic life in the nation with direction in perusing, composing and nature thinks about Girls ought to be taught "to please men, to be valuable to them, and make themselves cherished and regarded by them" Rousseau's tomb – Pantheon (Paris)

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Discourse on Inequality (1753) Attempts to characterize man's actual character Rousseau trusts that man was taking care of business "in nature", and that man's collaboration with others in the public arena hindered the improvement of man's best qualities Focuses on: Man's physical nature Use of dialect Human interests (counting sexuality)

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Women Two choices accessible Marriage Religious life Neither alternative gave ladies break even with influence to men Exception: dowagers could possess property, sign their own particular records

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Christine de Pisan 1363-1430 Her dad was the court soothsayer for King Charles V of France Widowed at 25 with three kids, she started composing to procure cash The Book of the City of Ladies (1405) is a purposeful anecdote (symbolical account) written in light of the Romance of the Rose , another moral story which maligned the character of ladies

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Christine de Pisan's works encourage that ladies be permitted to take an interest all the more completely in the public arena She is cited as saying that a man once advised her that an informed lady is ugly, since there are so few; she reacted that an insensible man was even less alluring, since there are such a variety of

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La Cité des Dames of Christine de Pisan , 1410s Illumination on material, Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris

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Jane Austen 1775-1817 Daughter of English pastor; never wedded Her books are comedies of behavior that delineate the independent universe of common (white collar class) women and honorable men Her compositions principally manage the issue of finding a life partner from the female point of view

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Pride and Prejudice Written c. 1797; distributed namelessly in 1813 Focuses on the Bennet family, with five little girls that should be hitched and a home that is involved to an inaccessible (male) cousin Primary characters: Elizabeth Bennet (2 nd girl) Fitzwilliam Darcy (landed honorable man with substantial domain) Jane Bennet (1 st little girl) Charles Bingley (landed respectable man)

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Regency family life ~ Life in England c. 1820s ~

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