The Researcher Dissident Nexus : a Contextual investigation of the Thai Media Strategy

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The Scholar-Activist Nexus : a Case Study of the Thai Media Policy Pirongrong Ramasoota

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Outline The part of researcher extremist nexus in the Thai media change development Campaigning and campaigning for auxiliary change of radio frequencies New social development that started the established verbal confrontation on radio recurrence and that at last prompted to the declaration of Article 40 in the 1997 Constitution Monitoring the course of the change and self-martyring the Campaign for Popular Media Reform (CPMR) Advocacy through research, government funded training, and systems administration Thai MPAC, MPC

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New Social Movement Coup d'etat 1991 > Black May 1992 Political Reform + Media Reform 1997 "People"s" Constitution

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Radio proprietorship structure Radio Name of orgs No of radio stations Public Relations Department (PRD) 145 Army 128 Navy 21 Air Force 36 Police 44 MCOT 62 House of Parliament 16 Others 71 Total 523

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Television possession structure Name of orgs No. of TV stations PRD 9 Army 2 MCOT 5 Ministry of 1 PM's Office

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Constitutional Debate Public VS National assets The term " open " suggests that the proprietor of the radio recurrence and the range are the overall population or the general population who are the most astounding sovereign of a majority rule country state. Despite what might be expected, the term " national " in the Thai tyrant setting suggests the sway of the state over the general population.

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Counter Reform The military saw radio frequencies as a national asset that suggested the restrictive privileges of possession and administration by the state and its security organizations.

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Article 40 "The radio frequencies for radio and TV transmission, and in radio correspondences are national assets to be utilized for open interests An autonomous state administrative office must be set up to manage the task and authorizing of frequencies for radio and TV broadcasting and for media communications stipulated in provision one of this article The targets of condition two must think about the most elevated open intersts at the national and neighborhood levels, in the region of training, culture, security and open wellbeing and other open advantages, including free and reasonable rivalry."

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Media Reform Movement The researcher/extremist reformers were likewise ready to push for the consideration of four vital focuses in the natural law of article 40 – the Frequency Allocation, National Broadcasting Commission, National Telecommunications Commission Act 2000

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Media Reform Movement The four focuses include: Two free administrative bodies for broadcasting and media communications Three arrangements of communicate administrations Public/state benefit Private/business benefit Community benefit 20% of radio frequencies be designated to the general population's segment – group radio and TV The equitable support of related divisions in the determination of NBC applicants

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Proposed vision of the National Broadcasting Commission (NBC) Deregulation > Open structure Reregulation > Ownership change Democratization of Broadcast Media Structure

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The Campaign for the Popular Media Reform (CPMR) The CPMR was initially known as the working gathering to take after the usage of Article 40. CPMR's establishing individuals originated from key staff of the Thai Volunteers Foundation, a popular common freedom NGO, and a gathering of dynamic disapproved of media researchers, drove by Professor Ubonrat Siriyuvasak of Chulalngkorn University.

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Uncovering disparity in the NBC determination prepare During the choice procedure of the National Broadcasting Commission (NBC), taking after the institution of the Frequency Allocation Act, a CPMR part recognized irreconcilable situations between individuals from the NBC Selection Committee and the candidates. The case was conveyed to the Administrative Court which at last controlled the choice procedure as unlawful and slowed down the last stride of the procedure.

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The NBC that is not to be… . Both rounds of NBC determination prepare, in 2001 and 2004 bombed because of irreconcilable circumstances between choice advisory group and last competitors. The post-upset government (September 2006 – February 2008) slowed down the third round of determination while the junta-named lawmaking body composed another constitution which as a result combined communicate and broadcast communications controller into one single substance.

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Article 47 of the 2007 Constitution There should be an autonomous administrative body having the obligation to circulate the frequencies under section one and direct radio or TV broadcasting and media transmission business, guarantee free and reasonable rivalry, and urge the general population to take part in administration of open correspondence offices.

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Self-martyring: Shin Corporation V. Thai Post and Supinya Klangnarong Secretary-general of the Campaign for Popular Media Reform (CPMR) Supinya Klangnarong and The Thai Post daily paper were sued for criticism by Shin Corporation for the remark Supinya supposedly made about the irreconcilable situation between Shin Corporation and the Thaksin-drove government. Supinya was absolved in March 2006, yet after global spotlights were given on the issue a role as an excellent instance of the "chilling impact."

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Emerging researcher/extremist nexus in Thailand Thai Media Policy Advocacy Center (Thai MPAC) Media Policy Center (MPC) Freedom Against Censorship Thailand (FACT)

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Thai Media Policy Advocacy Center (Thai MPAC) Thai MPAC was established in 2006 as a joint effort between Faculty of Communication Arts, Chulalongkorn University and Internews Network, a worldwide NGO that has worked in more than 70 nations around the globe to enhance access to data and to advance open interchanges strategies.

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About Thai-MPAC Thai MPAC exercises include: Public data Advocacy Research Conferences and Seminars

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Thai MPAC's exercises Thai MPAC has a site ( ) that will disperse ebb and flow news and data on pertinent issues. Unique news and articles by Thai MPAC's givers will be distributed on the site and accessible for download. Thai MPAC's contributing scholars are media law experts, scholastics and writers who are learned in such zones as approach definition and backing, communicate and broadcast communications laws and direction, and flexibility of the press.

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Thai-MPAC meetings and courses At slightest one worldwide gathering and four national classes have been composed by Thai MPAC in the previous two years on these issues: Internet opportunity Convergence and interchanges control New media laws and suggestions on flexibility of expression The execution of the new PC wrongdoing bill on digital dissidence Community radio and administrative difficulties

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Freedom Against Censorship Thailand (FACT) Founded by a previous English writing researcher from Thammasart University Became a sister NGO of CPMR Advocates against all types of oversight however with a fundamental concentrate on Internet restriction Activities extend from battling, challenging, petitions, to claims

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The End