The Research Process

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Keep in mind the written work process?. . It\'s recursive. PlanGet ideasDraftGet them on paperReviseMake them betterPublishShare with others. . Exploration can be Billy trail. . . Family Circus . . Objective. Billy\'s way. Kuhlthau\'s Model of Research. StageInitiationSelectionExplorationFormulationCollectionPresentation.

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Slide 1

The Research Process An Introduction

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Remember the written work handle? It's recursive Plan Get thoughts Draft Get them on paper Revise Make them better Publish Share with others

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Research can be Billy trail Goal Billy's way Family Circus

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Kuhlthau's Model of Research Stage Initiation Selection Exploration Formulation Collection Presentation Task what do I do? what's my theme? what's out there? what do I think? what will I utilize? in what capacity will I share what I realize? Emotions vulnerability hopefulness disarray lucidity certainty fulfillment (or not)

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Another model: Conversation Cannon (1915): personality body association Selye (1978): stretch has both constructive and pessimistic impacts Cousins (1995): Anatomy of an Illness as Perceived by the Patient Benson (2000): The Relaxation Response

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Another model: Conversation Innocence Project (1992): utilizes DNA to clear mixed up recognizable pieces of proof Simons & Chabris (1999): "Gorillas in Our Midst" Loftus (1996): driving inquiries can impact witness Spinney (2008): "Lineups on Trial"

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Research: They Say + I Say They Say: Professional Literature I say: Thesis

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I say "The individuals who go to class 95% of the time are essentially more inclined to win An or B level." Any inclination there?

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in-content reference list passage They say A review by Snell and Meikes (1995), found that "the individuals who went to class 95% of the time were essentially more inclined to gain An or B review." Snell, J., & Meikes, S. (1995). Understudy participation and scholastic accomplishment: An examination note. Diary of Instructional Psychology, 22 (2). Recovered from Academic Search Elite database.

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I say: CSI Real-life violations are understood utilizing blood scatter and heaps of other solid legal confirmation, much the same as the ones on CSI .

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They say: CSI Joseph Peterson, acting executive of the Dept. of Criminal Justice at the University of Illinois-Chicago, says DNA is infrequently winnowed from wrongdoing scenes and broke down. Wrongdoing scenes today are much similar to they were in the 1970s, Peterson says, when his reviews found that fingerprints and device imprints were the most well-known sorts of confirmation left at wrongdoing scenes. Blood was discovered just 5 percent of the time, as a rule at murder scenes. (Roane, 2005)

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Conversation: CSI impact Prosecutors Say: Juries expect an excess of confirmation Defenders Say: Juries comprehend our case better I say: Thesis

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Research: Conversation An examination paper is a record of keen perusing in a few sources on a specific subject. Which is ideal? Could these thoughts be joined? Why do things happen thusly? How could things be improved?

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Who cares what they know? In scholarly written work, your supposition is just tantamount to your proof. Specialists recognized indications of a mental imbalance in the motion pictures. Schwetter: These dinosaur bones smell. Huh? DNA was recouped.

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Why perused what they know? You'll be forward. "90% of what we think about Alzheimer's has been found in the most recent 15 years." (A. Riesenberg, as refered to in "Wellbeing Questions," 2007)

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Why perused what they know? You'll have an entire picture. "An expected 5 to 15 percent of individuals with anorexia or bulimia are male." (National Institutes of Mental Health, 2007) "In certain overachieving circles, bosom sustaining… is a definitive identification of dependable child rearing. However the genuine medical advantages of bosom encouraging are… far more slender than the well known writing demonstrates." (Rosin, 2009)

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Why perused what they know? You might be astounded. Does Prison Harden Inmates? Chen and Shapiro's 2003 discoveries "give occasion to feel qualms about grave no less than one model of discouragement, which holds that a couple of years of dreary jail conditions will spook crooks back onto the straight and thin. Whatever the obstacle impacts of hard jail conditions, the creators finish up, they may regularly be outweighted by the expanded criminal affinities of the detainees subject to them" (p. 33).

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Why perused what they know? You should be all around educated to be believable. "Lancaster, England,… is apparently the capital of survivor studies. This is the place John Leach instructs and composes papers refered to in practically every vital investigation of survival" (Sherwood, 2009, p. 45).

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Who cares what they know? In scholastic written work, your assessment is just in the same class as your confirmation. Focal points of Personal Opinion Limits of Personal Opinion Anecdotal proof is insufficient.

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How would you discover specialists? They refer to sources. They are refered to as sources. They are portrayed as specialists pioneers organizer of the field of… . Their compositions are found in the insightful writing: EBSCO Scholar Google

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Can you trust Paula Begoun? Look at What are her sources? Two fixings generally added to beauty care products, aroma and additives are frequently thought to be the real guilty parties when our skin has a hypersensitive or sharpening response to a restorative (Source: Contact Dermatitis, June 1999, pages 310–315).

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Who is Hans Selye?

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Credibility = Quality sources Professional writing Peer-evaluated diaries Professional affiliations Respected sources Harvard Business Review National Institutes of Health Expert sentiment Professional preparing Reputation Seminal scholars H. Gardner—different insights M. Seligman—satisfaction, learned defenselessness J. M. Smolders—initiative Gosling—creature psychologoy "Alpha chickens" Groopman How Doctors Think (2007)

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Popular or academic? Google Staley pertype Go to "Is It a Magazine or a Journal?"

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Conversation: Assignments Explore proficient writing. Shape a provisional proposal. Discover confirmation to bolster your proposition. Refine your proposal. Compose your paper. T H E Y S A Y I S A Y

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Other destinations to look at Save the Pacific Tree Octopus Primate Programming British Stick Insect Foundation Monoxide Research Division of Hoaxes

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Conversation: What would I be able to include? Answer a question — Do demonstrates like CSI influence the way members of the jury respond to confirm? — Is the CSI impact great or awful? — Is the CSI impact genuine? — What is the best treatment for ADHD? Deal with clashing suppositions Suggest another approach Update data

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Research can be Billy trail Goal Billy's way Family Circus

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An exploration flowchart

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Then there's luck… Look up timetable for Criminal Minds. Find profiler test. Wonder: can profilers be as quick and exact as Gideon's group? Do some perusing. Stagger over CSI impact … .

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How would I begin? Discover a theme. Perused about it. Ask — Can I discover enough data? — Will this hold my advantage? Investigate different points. Pick the best.

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What's the "best" theme? Doubtful Discussable Adds something to the discussion

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What's a beginning spot?

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Conversation: Ideas from Ideas Michael Karin found a connection amongst irritation and disease. "This outcome, Karin notes, may clarify the perplexing perception that cutting into tumors… once in a while appears to empower metastasis." If he is right, the irritation produced by the [surgery] could be to blame. Discoveries by different scientists recommend that irritation plays a part in malignancy. (G. Stix, "A Malignant Flame," 2002, p. 65)

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Credibility = "Top chicken" Although one ought not really judge an article by where it shows up, there is a pecking request in clinical pharmaceutical. The New England Journal of Medicine and the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) are the alpha chickens…

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Credibility = "Top chicken" In my own claims to fame, the Annals of Internal Medicine, Blood, and the Journal of Clinical Oncology are the most prestigious. At the point when scientists have thorough, earth shattering information to declare, they attempt to distribute in one of the top-level diaries; by a similar token, these diaries search out epochal reports to add to their shine (Groopman, 2007, p. 215).

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Know original creators Anderson and Mather (1993) reported identity in octopuses Same species, however Achilles—forceful Emily Dickinson—bashful Lucretia McEvil—destroyed tank Led to new handle: creature brain science

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Know key creators: creature psych Previously, researchers needed to maintain a strategic distance from humanoid attribution Gosling reframed address: " [Behaviorists] said,'Let's dispose of the fluffy, wistful… portrayals.' A nd they did. They went to awesome endeavors to record… things like how often a chimpanzee scratched its head .… If I have to know whether I can go int o that confine to clean it, it's not us eful to disclose to me the chimp scratched its nose 50,000 circumstances in [a] year. Simply let me know, Is it forceful or not?"