THE QUALITATIVE RESEARCH APPROACH

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WHAT IS THE INTERPRETIVE WAY OF THINKING?. Different RealitiesData versus InformationSubjects versus Research ParticipantsValues. Numerous Realities. Numerous methods for

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THE QUALITATIVE RESEARCH APPROACH Chapter 3

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WHAT IS THE INTERPRETIVE WAY OF THINKING? Various Realities Data versus Information Subjects versus Research Participants Values

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Multiple Realities Many methods for "knowing" The specialist's existence The examination member's world The shared reality made when scientist and research member connect These different truths are rapid (always showing signs of change)

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Data Versus Information Data – units of proof, (for example, actualities, numbers, pictures) that are gathered for the reasons for noting an exploration address Data is the plural of datum In a paper compose, the information were gathered, and NOT the information was gathered Information – got from information; it is the significance or elucidation given to information

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Subjects Versus Research Participants Qualitative research puts high an incentive on the connection between the people being contemplated and the information that they give Data are considered with regards to the examination member's world

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Values Value Awareness – the capacity to set aside your own qualities when you are directing exploration thinks about or when you are assessing the exploration aftereffects of others (some of the time called disinterestedness ) Qualitative research includes an inundation in qualities so that their inescapable impact can be better comprehended

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PHASES OF THE QUALITATIVE RESEARCH APPROACH Phase 1: Problem Identification Phase 2: Question Formulation Phase 3: Designing the Research Study Phase 4: Collecting the Data Phase 5: Analyzing Data Phase 6: Interpreting Data Phase 7: Presentation of Findings Phase 8: Dissemination of Findings

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Phase (1) Problem Identification & (2) Question Formulation Inductive process Key ideas are orchestrated into inquiries to define adaptable limits for the analyst as he/she concentrates the issue "Working speculations" are utilized by the analyst to refine thoughts or ideas all through the examination procedure Research questions developed all through the exploration procedure (i.e., the stages)

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Phase 3: Designing the Research Study Sample: made up of deliberately chose cases (nonprobability) Case ponder plan A case might be characterized as an individual, amass, group, association, or occasion Study the social issue (or marvel) in the regular setting of the case

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Phase 3: Designing the Research Study Ethnography – a branch of interpretive (subjective) investigate that stresses the investigation of a culture from the point of view of the general population who experience the way of life Phenomenology – another branch that accentuates an attention on individuals' subjective encounters and translations of the world. It represents the subjective encounters of both the scientist and research participant(s)

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Phase 4: Collecting the Data The specialist is an "instrument" of information gathering Data accumulation is an intelligent procedure amongst analyst and research member Researcher inclination is perceived as a feature of the procedure

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Phase 5 and 6: Analyzing and Interpreting the Data Qualitative information are commonly in content shape. In the investigation, you intend to: Reveal the genuine articulations of research members Explanations ought to be as per the convictions and encounters of the exploration members "walk the walk" and "talk the discussion" of the examination members

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Phases 7 and 8: Presentation and Dissemination of Findings Qualitative research reports are regularly long Data are ordinarily introduced as quotes or outline notes

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COMPARING QUANTITATIVE & QUALITATIVE APPROACHES Philosophical Differences

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Perceptions of Reality Quantitative People share basic encounters that can be depicted dispassionately Qualitative People have interesting encounters that must be portrayed subjectively by people

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Ways of "Knowing" Quantitative Knowledge is picked up by nearly looking at particular parts of the encounters of many cases Qualitative Knowledge is picked up by nearly inspecting entire encounters of only a couple cases

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Value Bases Quantitative Researcher "suspends" all qualities and offers no individual intending to the exploration members or the information gathered; Researcher and "subject" are separate Qualitative The analyst takes care of his or her own qualities and their impact on the exploration procedure; Researcher and "research member" are interconnected

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Applications Quantitative Research results are summed up to delegate populaces; "normal" encounters for expansive gatherings of individuals are accounted for Qualitative Research comes about give inside and out comprehension of a couple; point by point depiction is exhibited

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Similar Features Quantitative and subjective research approaches additionally have highlights in like manner: Both utilize constant research forms Both are instruments for concentrate social issues

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USING BOTH APPROACHES IN A SINGLE STUDY Qualitative and quantitative research methodologies can be consolidated in a solitary review The approach you select (subjective, quantitative, or joined) is guided by the motivation behind your review (Steps 1 and 2 of the quantitative research approach and Phases 1 and 2 of the subjective research approach)

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SUMMARY Qualitative research is a regarded way to deal with learning building. Subjective and quantitative research are correlative yet depend on disparate standards.

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