The Psychology of Parricide

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The Psychology of Parricide Julia Mitrevski, MD

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What drives somebody to execute their folks?

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Definitions Parricide Killing one's mom or dad Matricide Killing one's mom Patricide Killing one's dad

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Overview Epidemiology Spectrum of responsive & insane parricides with case cases Psychological hypotheses of parricide Specific issues in matricide Female guilty parties

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Epidemiology of Parricide (1) It is phenomenal Accounts for under 4% of murders Accounts for 20-30% of manslaughters submitted by maniacal people Marleau J et al. Worldwide Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 2003

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Epidemiology of Parricide (2) Based on FBI information (years studied 1977-1986): 2.2% of all murders were parricides 1.5% of all crimes were patricides 0.7% of all manslaughters were matricides Matricide less normal than patricide Approximately 200,000 murders more than 10 years in United States Holcomb, W. Psychiatry, 2000

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Epidemiology of Parricide (3) Male to female proportion 6:1 Many studies demonstrate that patricide conferred by children is the most regular type of parricide However, in parricides submitted by maniacal people, the quantity of matricides equivalents the quantity of patricides In Canada, 90% of parricide guilty parties were children (1961-1989) Marleau J et al. Worldwide Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 2003

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Epidemiology of Parricide (4) Sons who execute their fathers have a tendency to be more youthful than the individuals who slaughter their moms 86% of matricides submitted by children Average period of matricide guilty parties: 30 (just 15% underneath age 18) Holcomb, W. Psychiatry, 2000

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Spectrum of Psychotic & Reactive Parricides

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Psychotic Parricides History of ceaseless crazy sickness Delusional about victim(s) Dependent on victim(s) – might be a direct result of ailment itself instead of intrinsic family brokenness Reactive Parricides Not insane in light of extreme family brokenness Hostile-subordinate association with victim(s) Usually immature guilty parties Spectrum of Psychotic & Reactive Parricides

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case: Mr. A 25 year old man with schizophrenia Living with his folks No earlier criminal history Killed both his mom and his dad Paranoid, silly Was off prescriptions at the season of the slaughtering

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Mr. A Bludgeoned guardians in their home with a slugging stick Believed that they were demons and that he was sparing the world No known actuating occasion Arresting officers discovered him odd however quiet – he admitted his activities Found not blameworthy by reason of craziness

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Risk Factors for Psychotic Parricides Paranoid schizophrenia with persecutory, self important, and religious dreams Dependent on parent-casualty, having never been free ?most youthful tyke or most youthful male tyke

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case: Gino From Wertham's Dark Legend 17 year old kid who was portrayed as well disposed and active His dad kicked the bucket when he was 10 Physically mishandled and dismissed by his mom When he was 12, pledged to kill his mom

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Gino Behavior changed in the month prior to the matricide Preoccupied with arrangements of killing his mom Stabbed her 32 times with a bread cut he had requested that her hone Felt quiet and no regret after the matricide

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Psychological Theories of Parricide

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Theories of Reactive Parricide Psychoanalytic hypotheses Focus on intrapsychic elements A deadly mix of sexual and destructive motivations Family frameworks speculations Focus on neurotic family elements A deadly blend of serious manhandle, "lockage," and social separation

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Oedipus Left the place where he grew up to get away from a prediction that he would kill his dad and wed his mom On his adventure, he killed a man He went ahead to comprehend the question of the Sphinx and wedded the widowed ruler of Thebes

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Oedipus complex Freud utilized the myth of Oedipus as a moral story depicting the oblivious wishes of each man

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Oedipus complex A trademark group of stars of drives, relations, fears, and distinguishing pieces of proof that show from age 3 to 6 yet continue all through life Broadly used to assign a triangular relationship between the youngster and his or her folks The kid fears striking back for the taboo forbidden and parricidal wishes

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Theories of Matricide Psychoanalytic: Oedipal sexual competition (triangular element) Sexual strivings for father, contention with mother Matricide as intermediary for sex with mother A non-rivalrous, yet sexualized connection to the mother (dyadic element) Holcomb, W. Psychiatry, 2000

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Orestes' mom and her new partner slaughtered his dad As a grown-up, Orestes executed his mom and her better half to retaliate for his dad's murder

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Orestes complex Studied by Wertham in the 1930s-40s An option view that contempt of the mother was a subordinate of the Oedipus complex Refers to an irresolute and over the top connection to the mother that might be changed into matricidal seethe Wertham asserted that matricidal men utilized exorbitant savagery

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Wertham's Dark Legend Published in 1940s, investigation of matricide No history of misconduct "Too much appended" to and "strangely affectionate" of their mom Matricide more often than not in mother's room Shift from dream to activity: "catathymic emergency" (disdain for mother superimposed on sexual yearning for her) Scherl DJ et al. Diary of American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 1966

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Theories of Parricide Family Systems Theory: Primary make credited an oppressive and obsessive family structure In serious cases, one parent uses the youthful as an instrument of companion murder Holcomb, W. Psychiatry, 2000

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Family Systems Theory (1) Risk components for receptive parricide: Extreme manhandle Isolation of guilty party Conflict-arranged style of critical thinking (win/lose) Pressure to please guardians or protect one parent Family refusal of edgy circumstance Holcomb, W. Psychiatry, 2000

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Family Systems Theory (2) Enmeshed family prompting to social segregation Presence of weapons Suppression of outrage can prompt to "weight cooker" impact Culmination of parental manhandle that can never again be endured Post, S. Kid Welfare, 1982

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Family Systems Theory (3) Reactive parricide guilty parties have encountered incessant disdain for the parent-casualty This scorn represents the objective coordinated nature of the slaughtering These parricides are submitted in light of the fact that the pre-adult is adequately self-ruling to complete the demonstration however too ward to ever be ready to split far from the parental home Tanay, E. Diary of Forensic Sciences, 1976

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Reactive Patricide Case illustration: 22 year old man with a long history of physical manhandle by his dad Also saw his dad mishandling his kin and his mom Claimed he slaughtered his dad to spare himself, his mom, and his kin from the wretchedness and mercilessness of his dad Singhal S. et al. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 1990

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Comparison of Adolescent Parricides & Other Homicides Case-control think about: young people accused of parricide youths accused of killing a non-parent relative or dear companion teenagers accused of killing an outsider Corder B. et al. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1976

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Comparison of Adolescent Parricides & Other Homicides All originated from homes with extreme family brokenness – conjugal clash, financial frailty, parental ruthlessness, social seclusion All demonstrated a low occurrence of self-dangerous conduct and no medication or liquor inebriation at the season of the wrongdoing Corder B. et al. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1976

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Comparison of Adolescent Parricides & Other Homicides Adolescents accused of more interesting crime poor motivation control forceful conduct past captures introverted conduct basic in guardians Corder B. et al. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1976

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Comparison of Adolescent Parricides & Other Homicides Adolescents accused of parricide less social outlets less signs of poor drive control or animosity more serious manhandle by guardians overattachment to mother sexually overstimulated by guardians nearness of abusive behavior at home Corder B. et al. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1976

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Psychotic Parricide (1) Studied 15 men who conferred matricide and were admitted to a legal doctor's facility Divided into indicative gatherings Schizophrenia Substance-initiated psychosis Psychology and social components investigated Campion J et al. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1985

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Psychotic Parricide (2) Schizophrenia (8 of 15) Youngest tyke, most youthful male youngster, or just kid Dependent on mother, regardless of threatening vibe saw by the men Ineffectual or truant fathers Excessive constrain utilized, 5 moms murdered in their rooms No confirmation of inbreeding Campion J et al. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1985

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Psychotic Parricide (3) Schizophrenia, proceeded with Psychotic for quite a long time to months going before the occasion Admitted kill 4 had endeavored suicide before the occasion, 2 endeavored after 7 had beforehand attacked or genuinely undermined mother – these men had earlier history of perpetual maniacal sickness Campion J et al. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1985

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Psychotic Parricide (4) Substance-instigated psychosis 2 cases, both in their mid 20s: with regards to intense inebriation, murdered their moms – one likewise sodomized his close relative, the other sliced his mom's bosom and damaged her vagina Psychotic just when inebriated (both utilized liquor, one additionally utilized cannabis) Campion J et al. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1985

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Psychotic Parricide (5) Schizophrenia: frantic endeavor to isolate from the mother a response to an apparent danger of obliteration Substance-initiated p