The History and Development of the European Therapeutic Communities

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The History and Development of the European Therapeutic Communities Eric Broekaert University Växjö , Sweden , November 2009

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Broekaert, E., Vanderplasschen, W., Temmerman, I., Ottenberg, D., & Kaplan, C. (2000). Review investigation of likenesses and relations between the American medication free and the European restorative groups for kids and grown-ups. Diary of Psychoactive Drugs, 32 (4), 407-417. Eric Broekaert, Kathy Colpaert, Veerle Soyez, Wouter Vanderplasschen, Stijn Vandevelde. Transoceanic Dialectics: A study on similitudes and dissimilarities in ways to deal with substance manhandle issues in the United States and Europe. Submitted to: Therapeutic Communities: The International Journal for Therapeutic and Supportive Organizations.

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Early TC's In Europe World War II: Innovation of psychiatry 'Northfield tests' Treatment of psychiatric losses of war Dealing with psychiatric issues in social settings Harold Bridger " A transitional space of experience "

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Maxwell Jones " Social learning is entangled and painfull "

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The medication free TC The Oxford-bunches, Moral Rearmement, AA-development Synanon American Behavioristic Communities Integrated European Communities: behaviorists, psychopedagogues, humanist Christians French Communities

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The Oxford-bunches, Moral Rearmement, AA-development Dr. Straight to the point N.D. Buchman " A look for profound power "

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Synanon Charles Dederich " Today is the primary day of whatever remains of your life "

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Synanon The support of the medication free TC

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American Behavioristic Communities Msgr William O'Brien Charles J. Devlin " You can not do only it "

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Integrated European Communities: Behaviorists The Netherlands Emiliehoeve " My home, is an extremely pleasant house !" Martien Kooyman

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Integrated European Communities: psychopedagogues Belgium Georges van der Straten Trempoline " European camaraderie in training, the development trough the adventure "

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Integrated European Communities: humanist Christians Don Mario Picchi Yuan Parés y Plans " Progetto per l' Uomo " I resemble a sail, I get the wind "

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Dr. Donald Ottenberg " Taking choices in an existence that is esteemed "

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French Communities France Lucien Engelmajer 'Le Patriarche' La Boère " An existence without medications "

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Chronology of American ancestors and European TC's

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Year '69 – '71

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Year '71 – '72

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Year '73 – '74

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Year '76 - '79

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Year '79 – '82

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Year '83 – '90

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Swedish Friends Jan Henning " Moltas " Erikson , född 29 november 1932 , död 1 juni 1988 , var en svensk underhållare samt psykiater vid Ulleråkers sjukhus i Uppsala

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Swedish Friends Lars Bremberg was a vital individual inside the TC development. He orchestrated the main Eupropean TC meeting in Sweden 1976. He began Vallmotorp 1973 and Daytop Sweden a few years after the fact.

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European Identity American Behaviorist custom Psycho-explanatory based milieutherapy 1970's-belief systems, marxism and basic hypothesis Integration of just and various leveled TC approaches. Social learning

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Adaptation of American models into possess culture: Evolution towards more empathic conduct adjustment and discourse. Conventional European instructive speculations, new school development and change instructional method. Coordination of humanistic treatment into TC approach. Presentation of existentialist family treatment

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More demonstrable skill Health mind experts and ministers Researchers Less imperative part of ex-addicts Scientific Research Counterweight against profound and self-affirming propensities Transition towards integrative recuperation and coordinated treatment frameworks EFCT cooperation and data trade Links with EWODOR, European colleges

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What would we be able to anticipate from the future ?

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Post Modern Times Michel Foucault " To change something in the brains of individuals "