THE Effect OF Measurements ON A Focused AND Learning BASED ECONOMY

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ADELHEID BÜRGI-SCHMELZ Director General, Swiss Federal Statistical Office THE IMPACT OF STATISTICS ON A COMPETITIVE AND KNOWLEDGE-BASED ECONOMY

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1. Introduction 2. Success Factors 2.1 The Impact of Science and Technology 2.2 The Impact of Human Capital on the Economic Well-Being 3. The Role of Official Statistics 4. Three Examples Showing the Demand for Indicators in Swiss Politics 4.1 Carbon Dioxide Emissions 4.2 Health Care 4.3 Swiss Universities 5. Conclusion Overview

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1. Presentation "I cherish the triumphant, I can take the losing, however above all I want to play." (Boris Becker, 1967-)

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Table 1: Growth Competitiveness Index rankings and 2003 examinations Source: World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report 2004-2005 October 13, 2004.

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Figure 1: Parts (in %) of monetary exercises in Swiss GDP 2002 Source: Swiss Federal Statistical Office

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2. Achievement Factors "We need to be first; not first if, not first but rather; however first!" (John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963)

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Table 2: Patent applications to the EPO by nation 1998-2001 Source: Eurostat. National Patent Indicators Statistics in core interest. Science and Technology. ISSN 1609-5995. 9/2004.

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Table 3: Gross household use on R&D as a rate of GDP. Source : OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators, May 2004.

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Figure 2: Summary Innovation Index Source: European Innovation Scoreboard 2003. http://trendchart.cordis.lu/scoreboard2003/index.html

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Table 4: Social inner RoR Source: OECD. See Annex 3 for notes ( www.oecd.org/edu/eag2004 ).

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Estimating the macroeconomic comes back to instruction An extensive collection of exact research has affirmed a positive connection amongst training and efficiency. Better taught representatives are by and large more profitable, and may raise the profitability of associates… .. Investigations of the macroeconomic comes back to training are methodologically various and in view of two wide hypothetical methodologies. The initial, a neo-traditional approach, models the relationship between the supply of instruction and the long-run level of GDP. Most studies take after this custom. A moment approach gets from "new-development" hypothesis and models the relationship between the supply of training and the rate of development of GDP. Whether increments in the load of instruction principally influence the level of yield, or its development rate, is still hazy. Concerning the extent of the profits, the accessible studies demonstrate that in the neo-established models a one-year increment in normal training raises the level of yield per capita by somewhere around 3 and 6%. Investigations of the "new-development" assortment find that a similar increment in normal training raises the rate of development of yield by around 1%. Box 1: Estimating the macroeconomic comes back to instruction Source: Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators – 2004 Edition. OECD Code 962004081P1. 9/2004. http://www.oecd.org/edu/eag2004 , p. 187

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3. The Role of Official Statistics " If you have learning, let others light their flame with it. " (Winston Churchill, 1874-1965)

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4. Three Examples Showing the Demand for Indicators in Swiss Politics " Es ist nicht genug zu wissen, man muss es auch anwenden; es ist nicht genug zu wollen, man muss es auch tun. " ( Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, 1749-1832 )

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Figure 3: Carbon Dioxide Emissions as indicated by the CO2 Law Source: Swiss Agency for the Environment, Forests and Landscape (SAEFL)

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Figure 4: Cost for each medicinal visit and thickness of doctors – general professionals, 2003; Source: Datenpool Santésuisse, 4/2004. Investigation: obsan 2004.

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Figure 5: Number of therapeutic visits and thickness of doctors – experts, 2003; Source: Datenpool Santésuisse, 4/2004. Examination: obsan 2004.

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5. Conclusion " For learning itself is power ." (Francis Bacon, 1561-1626)

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Thank you for your consideration

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