The Economy, Instruction, Field and Family Life of China

1849 days ago, 607 views
PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Field Primary Schools regularly have much settle for what is most convenient option of instruction than city schools. ... Just real wide open towns have an upper center school, regularly isolated from the ...

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1

The Economy, Education, Countryside and Family Life of China Highlights 2010-03-11

Slide 2

China " s Economy Third biggest on the planet after the USA and Japan (biggest inside 10 years). Gross domestic product 30 trillion yuan/4.4 trillion USD. Yearly development of 8-9% (regardless of worldwide lull). Quickest developing real economy throughout the previous 30 years.

Slide 5

China " s Economy Primary Sector (agribusiness, mining, angling): 3.4 trillion yuan, development 5.5% Secondary Sector (fabricate, handling): 14.6 trillion yuan, development 9.3% Tertiary Sector (benefit enterprises): 12.0 trillion yuan, development 9.5%

Slide 6

Average Income Average wage across the nation 9,400 RMB or 1,400 USD. Normal pay in the urban communities and bigger towns 15,800 RMB or 2,300 USD. Normal salary in the towns 4,700 RMB or 700 USD.

Slide 8

Urban-Rural Monthly Income Comparison for China's Provincial Level Regions (2008) Data is a normal of "incomes", i.e. those without a pay (e.g. youngsters, housewives, resigned) are not considered in.

Slide 11

Government Insurance (taken from organizations or individual pay rates) 20% Medical Insurance, 10% Providing for the Elderly Insurance 10%-12% Public Accumulated Housing Fund 2% Unemployment Insurance Work Related Injury Insurance – diverse rates for various enterprises.

Slide 12

Income Tax The initial 2000 RMB earned is tax exempt.

Slide 13

The Chinese Countryside There " s a major contrast in wage amongst city and nation. 58% of China " s populace live in the field – 766,000,000 individuals Population thickness (139/km 2 ) (360/sq mi) 1/3 arrive populated (genuine thickness x3!) 15% arable, 34% field, 14% backwoods, 28% abandon 58% mountains, 35% fields and bowls

Slide 15

The Chinese Countryside Vast, differed, substantially less created than the urban ranges. Just 10-15% of land appropriate for development. 300M ranch laborers. 300M moved to the urban communities in the most recent 30 years. 300M to move to the urban areas in the following 30 years. Who will cultivate? 200M pop. increment in the following 30 years.

Slide 19

Crops World " s biggest maker of rice 900M tons (India 2 nd : 125 M tons) Wheat, maize, tobacco, soybeans, peanuts, cotton

Slide 22

China " s Poor 10.8% of Chinese – 143,000,000 – live on under 1 USD/day. Most are in the nation, particularly in the less available mountain territories where the minorities live. China has numerous arrangements to take care of its minorities and provincial poor: mercy in the one kid approach, access to instruction, government stipends and destitution help, and so on

Slide 23

China " s Minorities China is 92% Han and there are 55 minorities including Zhuang (16M or 1.2%), Manchu (10 million or 0.86%), Uyghur (9 million or 0.79%), Hui (9 million or 0.79%), Miao (8 million or 0.72%), Yi (7 million or 0.65%), Tujia (5.75 million or 0.62%), Mongols (5 million or 0.47%), Tibetan (5 million or 0.44%), Buyi (3 million or 0.26%), and Korean (2 million or 0.15%).

Slide 24

Family Planning The Chinese Government restrict kids to one for each family by an arrangement of fines and advantages. This is diverse for minorities: Zhuang families in the wide open are permitted two kids. Littler minorities have no restrictions.

Slide 25

Rural restorative protection For 10 RMB a year nation occupants can have 70% off " typical " therapeutic treatment.

Slide 26

Migrant Workers 140 million fill the prepare arrange heading home amid the Chinese New Year occasion period. 57% land their positions in light of contacts, for example, companions, relatives, and neighbors. 45% between the ages of 16 and 25 Only 16% are more than 40. Almost 66% of all vagrants were male. Around 83% had nine years of training or less.

Slide 28

Education in China 9 years obligatory training strategy: ages 7-16 go to class. Nursery School 2-7 (4 classes) Primary School 7-13 (6 years) Junior Middle School 13-16 (3 years) Upper Middle School 16-19 (3 years) University 19-23+ (4 years for a degree) Vocational Schools 16+ (1 year and different courses)

Slide 29

Education in China Education is free from elementary school to junior center school. The additional costs of stationery and board are still an issue for poorer families. Upper center school and college or professional school charges are a noteworthy cost for most families

Slide 30

Education in China Regimented structure – comparative all through the nation. National song of praise played and sung each morning. Hail raising functions and every day practices from center school. Military walking guideline toward the start of college. There is the alternative to participate in Communist Party energetic exercises from elementary school. College understudies can get to be gathering individuals.

Slide 31

Nursery Schools Large classes of possibly 30 youngsters. Part into 4 " years " Small class " those excessively youthful, making it impossible to do anything besides play and be engaged. " Middle class " 4-5. Tunes, recreations. " Big class " 5-6. Composing. Numbers " Pre-study " 6-7. Fundamental English and Math.

Slide 32

Nursery Schools Nursery schools uncommon in town territories. Kids remain at home and play until mature enough to go to elementary school. Generally youthful female instructors with junior center school training. Run like organizations. Helpful place to leave kids if both guardians need to work. Nursery Schools cost diverse sums relying upon how frequently guardians lift their youngsters up: 200 consistently, 500 once every month.

Slide 38

Primary School Often incorporate a pre-school class as a modest other option to nursery school, in the wide open especially. Wide open Primary Schools frequently have much settle for less of training than city schools. In the farmland perhaps stand out of a class of 30 passes the center school placement test. This implies they can " t go to a " better " center school, yet should go to a center school. In the city, all eventual anticipated that would pass.

Slide 40

Junior Middle Schools Large class sizes: 50-60. Wide open: one junior center school for every area. Urban communities: Middle schools are numbered the first, the second, and so forth. Boarding. Most youngsters inhabit school.

Slide 44

Upper Middle Schools High weight years of concentrating on to pass college section exams. Just significant farmland towns have an upper center school, regularly isolated from the lesser center school. In the city center schools are typically consolidated.

Slide 47

Chinese Universities Only found in prefecture level urban communities. A " Normal University " in China is a college gaining practical experience in creating educators. Different Universities are named after their speacialisms: Electrics, Technology, Computing, Tourism, and so on. A city will for the most part have one vast college and a few littler organizations which offer confirmations and in addition degrees. Real urban communities have a few expansive colleges.

Slide 50

Vocational Schools Often go under the title colleges, however offer professional courses principally. These are regularly an alternative after junior center school if a handy vocation is favored. Colleges and schools have enormous territories of understudy settlement. Modest sustenance outlets and spaces for lease spring up in the regions around the colleges to provide food for the understudies.

Slide 51

Chinese Families Family is essential in China. Families are nearer and there is more noteworthy obligation towards one " s family than in the West. There is heaps of loaning cash between relatives.

Slide 52

Family Relationships People are frequently tended to by their family connections instead of names in a family setting and in the public eye. There are diverse names for pretty much every family relationship in China. Being more seasoned or more youthful is imperative. Didi = more youthful sibling Gege = more established sibling Meimei = more youthful sister Jiejie = more established sister

Slide 53

Family Relationships Grandfather Father " s father = yeye Mother " s father = waigong Grandmother Father " s mother = nainai Mother " s mother = waipo

Slide 54

Family Relationships Uncle Father " s more established sibling = bobo Father " s more youthful sibling = shushu Mother " s sibling = jiujiu Aunt Father " s sister = gugu Mother " s sister = ayi

Slide 56

Elderly relatives Families are relied upon to regard and care for their elderly relatives. Elderly relatives regularly care for youthful kids while their folks are grinding away. Three eras in one house is regular. The one youngster arrangement implies China has a maturing populace. On the off chance that present patterns proceed with Chinese more than 60 will increment from 10% to 25% by 2040.

Slide 59

Parent Pressure Especially with the one tyke approach, numerous exclusive youngsters get a great deal of weight and consideration concentrated on them from their folks. Weight to do well scholastically and accommodate one " s close family is extremely solid.

Slide 61

Family Reunions The Spring Festival or Chinese New Year (in January or February) The Mid-Autumn Festival when mooncakes are expended (in September or October) Particulary in the farmland, tomb cleaning toward the beginning of April (Qingming), when worshiping of dead relatives frequently happens. There is a prevalent view that dead relatives " spirits have the ability to favor or revile. Weddings or new infant festivities are likewise huge social affairs.