The College of Akron Summit School Business Innovation Dept.

1840 days ago, 652 views
PowerPoint PPT Presentation
The Domain Name System (DNS) is utilized to make an interpretation of host names to IP addresses on the ... Enlistment centers are organizations (e.g., GoDaddy, Google, Network Solutions) with which buyers ...

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1

The University of Akron Summit College Business Technology Dept. 2440: 141 Web Site Administration Domain Name System Instructor: Enoch E. Damson Domain Name System

Slide 2

Domain Name System/Service The Domain Name System (DNS) is utilized to make an interpretation of host names to IP addresses on the Internet Also called name determination or address determination Created in the mid 1980s The principal UNIX execution (Berkeley Internet Name Domain-BIND-server) was made in 1984 Whenever a host is included, a setup document must be physically changed A host speaks to an administration on a server, for example, FTP or a Web server There can be numerous hosts on a solitary PC Windows systems utilize DNS to determine PC names on a LAN DNS in Windows is intended to be rapid – as PCs are added to the system, DNS consequently changes Domain Name System

Slide 3

Clients On your PC, the TCP/IP design contains the address(es) of your DNS server(s) Whenever you utilize a URL, whether in a program, or an utility, for example, ping, DNS servers are utilized Domain Name System

Slide 4

Structure of the Internet Domains DNS is composed into a various leveled structure that characterizes spaces DNS orchestrates have names in a chain of command to make them simpler to oversee and discover The DNS progressive naming framework comprises of three levels: Root level Top-level area (TLD) Second-level area (SLD) Domain Name System

Slide 5

Domain Namespaces The root level space is "." Significant in making DNS records Top-level areas distinguishes the most broad part of the area name It recognizes the class of the space name The initial couple of unique areas were: com, organization, edu , gov , mil, and net Second-level spaces are utilized to distinguish the individual or organization with the area name E.g., A subdomain is a further division of a moment level area E.g. Domain Name System

Slide 6

Domain Namespaces… Second-level spaces, for example, have control over naming inside their area Create has, for example, www , ftp A name, for example, is a completely qualified area name (FQDN) We could make subdomains, for example, www3 E.g. Domain Name System

Slide 7

Top-Level Domains A Web server is generally named www The first top-level area (TLD) classes that were accessible on the Internet included: com – business areas organization – for the most part philanthropic associations net – typically ISPs and other system bolstered organizations edu – instructive establishments gov – U.S. national government associations mil – U.S. military associations – for turn around queries Domain Name System

Slide 8

Top-Level Domains… The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) later affirmed different TLDs beneath: business – organizations information – open to anybody name – individual enrollments ace – Licensed experts, for example, specialists, legal advisors, and so on air – anything identified with air transport exhibition hall – Museums coop – agreeable organizations, for example, credit unions Domain Name System

Slide 9

Top-Level Domains… There are more than 200 nation particular spaces Some standard nation particular TLDs include: .au – Australia .ca – Canada .jp – Japan .sw – Sweden .uk – United Kingdom .us – United States (chiefly by nearby and state government offices and k-12 schools) Domain Name System

Slide 10

Domain Name Registration ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ) is a non-benefit association that directions Internet extraordinary identifiers ICANN is financed fundamentally through expenses paid to ICANN by enlistment centers and registry administrators Registrars are organizations (e.g., GoDaddy , Google, Network Solutions) with which customers enlist area names Registry administrators are organizations and associations who work and oversee the ace database of all area names enlisted in every top level space (for instance VeriSign, Inc. works .com and .net , Public Interest Registry works .organization, and Neustar , Inc. works .business) centers/authorize list.html (ICANN licensed Registrars) Domain Name System

Slide 11

Domain Name Registration… Domain names are accessible on a first-come, initially served premise The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is in charge of the worldwide coordination of the DNS Root, IP tending to, and other Internet convention assets Some of the things required include: A non-enrolled space name A substantial email address Names and addresses of the essential and optional DNS servers A Mastercard (to pay on the web) Domain Name System

Slide 12

Host Names The principal segment of a URL is commonly a host name Typically not quite the same as the name of the PC Many hosts can be connected with a similar Web server Domain Name System

Slide 13

DNS Components Name server – otherwise called DNS server bolsters name-to-deliver and deliver to-name determination Name resolver – additionally called DNS customer Can contact DNS server to query name Used by programs, email customers, and customer utilities, for example, ping and tracert Domain Name System

Slide 14

DNS Servers that Define the Internet The two fundamental DNS servers that characterize the Internet are: Primary servers Secondary servers Primary and auxiliary servers store the host names utilized on the Internet The two principle DNS servers that resolve space names are: Caching servers Forwarding servers Caching and sending servers scan the Internet for host names Domain Name System

Slide 15

Primary and Secondary Servers Primary Server Defines the hosts for the area Maintains the database for the space It has power for the area Secondary Server Gets information from essential server Provides adaptation to internal failure and load dispersion Required for Internet areas Domain Name System

Slide 16

Primary and Secondary Servers… If you utilize DNS, you will frequently work with your ISP In a basic situation, the ISP will have the essential and auxiliary DNS servers You get in touch with them for changes You can likewise part the servers ISP has essential, you have optional You have essential, ISP has optional Domain Name System

Slide 17

Primary and Secondary Servers… ISPs keep up DNS You need to send changes to ISP You have the auxiliary server which gets upgrades from the essential server Your clients reference your optional server which is quicker Domain Name System

Slide 18

Primary and Secondary Servers… You have finish control over DNS You can roll out improvements at whatever point you need If your essential DNS goes down, the auxiliary will keep on functioning (yet not uncertainly) Domain Name System

Slide 19

Resolve Host Names Caching Server Resolves have names Caches (spares) the outcomes Automatically introduced when DNS is introduced No design important Forwarding Server Caching server that has entry to the Internet and advances movement from other reserving servers Domain Name System

Slide 20

Zones A zone is a part of the space namespace For little areas, the area name speaks to a solitary zone For vast associations, subdomains can be isolated into independently kept up zones Each zone normally has a different DNS Domain Name System

Slide 21

Zones… Zones must be adjacent can be consolidated with can't be joined with There must be one essential DNS server in every zone (in addition to an auxiliary server) Each zone can have various optional DNS servers Domain Name System

Slide 22

Zone File Configuration Two methods for DNS resolutions include: Forward Lookup (determination) These zones contain sections that guide names to IP addresses Reverse Lookup (determination) These zones contain passages that guide IP locations to names Domain Name System

Slide 23

DNS Configuration in Linux/and so on/named.conf portrays the records that arrange the zones There are two essential documents that it depicts Forward query is portrayed by It has the host names and how to handle email Reverse query is depicted by named.0.168.192 Can be vital for email (SMTP) and security programs Domain Name System

Slide 24

Starting DNS in Linux To begin DNS/and so on/rc.d/init.d/named begin To restart DNS/and so forth/rc.d/init.d/named restart To stop DNS/and so forth/rc.d/init.d/named stop Make DNS begin when you boot Linux Add the order to begin DNS to/and so on/rc.d/rc.local Domain Name System

Slide 25

Configuring Client DNS in Linux Modify/and so forth/resolv.conf The accompanying line guides the customer to utilize the DNS server at nameserver The accompanying line relates this PC with the area Domain Name System

Slide 26

Test the DNS Configure a Windows PC to utilize the DNS server Start->Settings->Network Connections Right-tap on Local Area Connection and select Properties Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and tap on Properties Change DNS to Reboot and ping Domain Name System

Slide 27

Name Resolution in Windows NetBios (PC) names are communicate to the neighborhood organize The WINS database has PC name to IP address determination Windows utilizes Dynamic DNS is required for Active Directory Services Domain Name System