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Slide 1

Test The fundamental part or establishment of a word The plane that isolates the front from the back. Tissues join to shape these Suffix meaning aggravation The transverse plane isolates the _____ from the ________.

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Tonsillitis Leukemia Cephalgia Dental Postmortem

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Integumentary System MEDL 2350 March 3, 2003

Slide 4

What is the Integument? The INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM incorporates every one of the structures and tissues identified with the skin. This incorporates: 1. skin a. Epidermis b. Dermis 2. frill organs a. Hair b. Nails c. Organs

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The skin covers the whole body and gives assurance against wounds, contamination, and lethal mixes. The framework contains numerous nerve endings that go about as RECEPTORS for agony, temperature, touch, and weight.

Slide 6

Anatomy of the Skin Upper layer of skin is called EPIDERMIS EPI-implies on top of DERMIS means skin The lower layer of skin is known as the DERMIS.

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The Epidermis Is multilayered. Contains is shallow layer of dead skin cells called STRATUM CORNEUM. The stratum corneum is made out of cells called KERATIN. Is AVASCULAR (no veins) Has no nerve tissue (can't feel torment)

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The Dermis Has two unmistakable layers: 1. Papillary Layer (more shallow) 2. Reticular Layer (further) Accessory organs start the dermis. A portion of the extra organs end or cross into the epidermis. The dermis contains veins and nerve tissue.

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Subcutaneous Fat and Superficial Fascia The SubQ fat is discovered profound to the dermis. It contains the bigger veins of the skin. It is made out of (fat) tissue, a type of connective tissue. Profound to the subQ layer is the fascial layer that covers the muscles underneath.

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Combining Forms Adip/o Lip/o Steat/o All mean FAT

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Adip/osis Lip/oid Steat/oma Abnormal state of fat Resembling fat Tumor of fat

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Cutane/o Dermat/o Derm/o skin

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Subcutaneous Dermatology hypodermic Pertaining to under the skin Study of the skin Pertaining to under the skin

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Hidro/o sweat Anhidrosis - irregular state of sweat Kerat/o horny tissue keratosis- - anomalous state of hard tissue Myc/o organism Onychomycosis – unusual state of parasitic toenails

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Onych/o Onychomalacia softenting of nails

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Pil/o Trich/o Hair A Pilonidal pimple Is a growth that relates to a home of hair Trichopathy Is a sickness of the hair

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Xer/o Means dry xeroderma implies dry skin

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derm/o/tome An instrument to trim skin

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Remember, the dermis contains the hair follicles, sweat organs, and sebaceous organs (oil organs)

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The expression "diaphoresis" is intended to indicate inordinate sweating. The joining structure for sweat is hidr/o

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Don't get confounded!!! Hidr/o implies sweat Hydr/o implies water

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Hidrosis is a strange state of sweat that causes rankling and peeling of the palms and soles. Anhidrosis is a strange state of reduced or missing sweat.

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A hidradenoma is a tumor of the sweat organ.

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Recall, the dermis is joined to the basic structures of the skin by subcutaneous tissue. The subcutaneous tissue frames lip/o/cytes, or fat cells.

Slide 25

A suction lipectomy is the evacuation of the subcutaneous fat tissue utilizing a limit tipped cannula (tube) brought into the greasy region through a little cut. Suction is then connected and fat tissue is evacuated.

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Dermat/o/scler/osis solidifying Disease skin Therefore, dermatosclerosis is actually interpreted as an ailment that outcomes in the solidifying of the skin. Otherwise called scleroderma , this malady is an immune system illness that outcomes in scarring of the key organs bringing about death .

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The oil discharging organs of the skin are known as the SEBACEOUS GLANDS. The sweat organs are known as SUDORIFEROUS GLANDS.

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Mycodermatitis organism skin irritation A mycodermatitis is a provocative malady of the skin brought about by a parasite. A typical case of this is ATHLETE'S FOOT or TINEA PEDIS.

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Test Yourself Xerophagia Tichomycosis Adipocele Dermatoplasty Condition of eating just dry sustenances A contagious ailment of the hair A hernia of fat cells Plastic surgery of the skin

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More Combining Forms of Color Cyan/o Blue Erythr/o Red Melan/o Black Xanth/o Yellow Leuk/o white

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The shade that causes skin hue is MELANIN Melanosis is the strange state of dark. A melanoma is a tumor of dark color.

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A man with pale blue staining of the skin displays Cyanosis or cyanoderma

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SOME DISEASE SPECIFICS A BASAL CELL CARCINOMA is a kind of skin growth that influences the basal skin layer of the epidermis. A MELANOMA is described by asymmetry, unpredictable fringes, and absence of a uniform tinge. A DECUBITUS ULCER is a bedsore that enters both epidermis and dermis.

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PSORIASIS is an interminable illness that is described by red injuries secured by shiny scales. Scraped spots are scratches ALOPECIA is a nonappearance or loss of hair. Wound is a gathering of dried blood underneath the skin. Regularly called wounds.

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CYSTs are shut sacs containing liquid or strong material. ECCHYMOSIS is staining of the skin because of a wound. Dermatitis is a fiery skin sickness with red, irritated skin. Now and then has related rankles (bullae)

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FISSURE is a break in the skin. Normally connected with dry, layered skin. HIRSUTISM is a condition described by intemperate hair development. IMPETIGO is an incendiary skin malady with separated pustules that crack. Cut is a tearing of the skin. Sporadic outskirts.

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MACULEs are level, stained injuries. Knobs are discernable sores bigger than a macule. For the most part between 1-2 cm PAPULEs are strong raised sores

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