Supernatural Reformers: Abolition, Disobedience, and the Life of Frederick Douglass

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Servitude in America:1820s-1861. Compromise, 1821: forbids subjection in the previous Louisiana Territory, aside from inside of outskirts of MissouriMexican-American War (taking after the addition of Texas), 1846-48 Fugitive Slave Law, 1851Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854.

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Slide 1

Supernatural Reformers: Abolition, Disobedience, and the Life of Frederick Douglass 19 th Century American Transcendentalism November 22, 2010 "Why is a man conceived however to be a Reformer?" Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1841, "Man the Reformer"

Slide 2 Missouri Compromise , 1821: denies bondage in the previous Louisiana Territory, aside from inside outskirts of Missouri Mexican-American War (taking after the extension of Texas), 1846-48 Fugitive Slave Law , 1851 Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854 Slavery in America:1820s-1861

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Boston distribution of David Walker's Appeal : 1831: Boston production of the principal issue of William Lloyd Garrison 's daily paper The Liberator 1832: William Lloyd Garrison starts New England Anti-Slavery Society, a coordinated abolitionist development—Douglass and Garrison meet Boston as a center of abolitionist subjugation activism

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By the 1840s, Concord is a focal point of reformist thought and activity: Topics for civil argument in the primary year of the Concord Lyceum (a grown-up training focus): -"Is the Union debilitated by the present part of affairs?" - "Would it be a demonstration of mankind to free without a moment's delay all slaves?" -"Is it ever appropriate to offer persuasive resistance?" Thoreau is an officer of the Lyceum in 1842-44 when speakers incorporate Ralph Waldo Emerson, Theodore Parker, Horace Greeley, and Wendell Phillips, among others. Female Anti-Slavery Society, established in 1837, and joined by Henry's mom Cynthia Dunbar Thoreau, among other dynamic townswomen. Calliope Film Resources. "Thoreau, Civil Disobedience and the Underground Railroad." Copyright 2001 CFR. . 22 Nov 2010. Abolitionism and the Concord Lyceum

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Tax refusal develops as a dissent strategy in 1840-45, preceding Thoreau's demonstration of "noncompliance" Charles Lenox Remond (see Garrison's Preface to Douglass' Narrative , 6) Bronson Alcott "No benefits, no compensation"

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Garrison's strategies: - Non-brutality - Non-resistance - Apolitical good "suasion" After a ten-year relationship, Douglass and Garrison go separate ways. William Lloyd Garrison

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From Thoreau's Journal: Oct first 51 5 pm simply put an outlaw slave who has taken the name of Henry Williams into the autos [the train] for Canada. He got away from Stafford County Virginia to Boston last October, has been in Shadracks put at the Cornhill Coffee-house - had been comparing through a specialist with his lord who is his dad about purchasing - himself-his lord asking $600 however he having possessed the capacity to raise just $500. - listened to that there were writs [arrest warrants] for two Williamses outlaws - and was educated by his kindred workers & boss that Augerhole Bums & others of the [Boston] police had called for him when he was out. As needs be fled to Concord the previous evening by walking - conveying a letter to our family from Mr Lovejoy of Cambridge - & another which Garrison had some time ago given him on another event. He stopped with us & held up in the house till assets were gathered with which to forward him. Expected to despatch him at twelve through to Burlington - yet when I went to purchase his ticket saw one at the Depot [train station] who looked & carried on so much like a Boston policeman, that I didn't wander that time. A keen and extremely very much carried on man - a mullatto . [...] The slave said he could manage himself by numerous different stars than the north star whose rising & setting he knew - They guided for the north star notwithstanding when it had got round and appeared to them to be in the south. They much of the time took after the broadcast when there was no railroad. The slaves bring numerous superstitions from Africa. The escapees now and again superstitiously convey a turf [a bit of soil] in their caps believing that their prosperity relies on upon it. The Concord Underground Railroad

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July 4 th , 1854: Thoreau peruses his blazing response to the capture of criminal slave Anthony Burns, "Subjugation in Massachusetts", at a rally sorted out by Garrison in Framingham, MA Much more keen judgment of government than "Common Disobedience"— however we ought to recollect his call: "Where does inner voice start?" Walden is distributed in August "Subjection in Massachusetts"

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October 16, 1859: John Brown's attack on Harper's Ferry (an elected arms stockpile)— 21 high contrast are slaughtered Thoreau's energetic "tribute" of Brown draws studies from the daily paper editors, similar to Garrison, whom he censures For what is Thoreau arguing? "A Plea for Captain John Brown"

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The typified truth of a development : Over the course of his life, Douglass is a Runaway slave Leader in the Underground Railroad Self-taught man Best-offering writer Advisor to Presidents Lincoln and Johnson Lecturer Publisher of The North Star , starting in 1847 (its masthead peruses: "Right is of no sex—Truth is of no shading—God is the Father of every one of us, and we are all Brethren") Campaigner for ladies' rights (goes to Seneca Falls tradition in 1848) World voyager (feels "free" without precedent for England) Fugitive slave until the finish of the Civil War Frederick Douglass (1818-1895)

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On the discussion between Emerson's "Confidence" (1841) and his later abolitionist writings (Jessica, Jennifer, and Vishal): How does congruity and consistency in subjection turn into favorable position for slave-proprietors? By what method can Emerson's thoughts in "Independence" contrast with this society?  In "Self Reliance"  one of the principle ideas is the call for "Distinction." Emerson needs people to esteem their own particular considerations, conclusions and encounters. What does Emerson mean when he says " that confidence, the tallness and flawlessness of man, is dependence on God" (368)? Friendly exchanges

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On Douglass' "change" from slave to man (Jessica): Ironically, how does Mr. Group, the "negro breaker" turn into an image of flexibility to Douglass? What do you consider training being depicted as unsafe by slave-proprietors, yet a pathway to freedom by Douglass? In what capacity can this be contrasted with today's general public? Friendly exchanges

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On Douglass as a Transcendentalist (Vishal and Jennifer): Can Frederick Douglass be viewed as a Transcendentalist? At the point when Transcendentalists discuss Men, would they say they are just discussing white individuals? Is Frederick Douglass evidence of the handy applications for Emerson's heavenly nearness in Man? Do you believe that Douglass accomplished a to some degree "straightforward eyeball" state by figuring out how to peruse and compose? How does Emerson's trustworthiness of Christianity fit with the Transcendentalists abolitionist subjugation position? How does Thoreau's utilization of recognition and dialect in Walden communicate in Douglass' story? Friendly exchanges

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Fuller's Women in the Nineteenth Century (February 1845) Douglass' Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave (May 1845) Emerson's Representative Men (1850) Douglass' My Bondage and My Freedom (1855) Recap: Transcendentalism remains for the valorization of the "I", yet on condition that the "I" be grounded in the general as opposed to the specific (See Buell, " Autobiography in the American Renaissance" ) Social Representativeness and the Paradox of Douglass' Narrative