Struggle Theory Introduction

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Cutting edge Conflict Theory . 60\'s open social clash Functionalism StabilityEquilibriumConsensusDahrendorf the

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Slide 1

Strife Theory Introduction Roots Marx and Weber Coercion not accord is the thing that keeps up social request Marx saw a two level arrangement of Proletariat and Bourgeoisie battling for control of the method for monetary generation Weber – concurred in the significance of riches, however contended that influence and status were of equivalent significance Both saw diverse gatherings in struggle over social shortages.

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Modern Conflict Theory 60's open social clash Functionalism Stability Equilibrium Consensus Dahrendorf the "two appearances" of society Functional hypothesis (rulers) Conflict hypothesis (ruled) Society is always showing signs of Change comes about because of social clash and dispute.

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Dahrendorf's Assumptions Power is not a zero whole diversion World not entirely partitioned Winners Losers Power overwhelms and controls the feeble. The effective set up a social structure to keep up control Authority positions are generally circulated People just have control in some President Corp v. family get-together

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Dahrendorf's Assumptions Dahrendorf trusts Functionalists are idealistic A general public with the nonattendance of force battles or strife Real social orders Society keeps up pressure amongst stasis and change, agreement and intimidation capacity and struggle

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Social Structure, Group Interests, and Conflict Groups The focal addressed of all social thought How do social orders follow? Two settled positions: The Utopians (Functional Theory) Represented by the Functional Theory The Rationalists (Conflict Theory) Represented by Conflict Theory Conflict between the two positions is old. Aristotle versus Plato Hobbes versus Rousseau Kant versus Hegel the open deliberation has escalated.

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Utopians V. Realists Unless one trusts that every philosophical contention are insignificant the level headed discussion was uncovered the major options of learning, good and political introduction. Utopians are spoken to by the Functional hypothesis of society Rationalists are spoken to by the Conflict hypothesis of society The two positions are fundamentally unrelated in many fields and individuals, however not is human science . Great Sociology utilizes one in An, another in B and both in C. yet, does not avoid any.

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Parson's Functionalism Parsons doesn't know about the realists origination of society Parson incorporates no power battles in the public arena He imagines an idealistic culture of accord and assention How can functionalism clarify every day struggle and disequilibria in the public eye?

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Functionalist versus Struggle Theories Functionalism Theory of Society Every general public is moderately tireless, stable structure of components Every general public is an all around incorporated structure of components Every component in a general public has a capacity. (i.e. adds to the upkeep) Every capacity in the social structure depends on an agreement of qualities between individuals How can the hypothesis clarify a circumstance where workers of one organization, go on a strike that prompts to a general rebel against society?

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Conflict Theory of Society Every Society is at each direct subject toward the procedures of progress. Change is all over the place. Each Society shows at each point dissensus and strife. Strife is wherever Every Element in a general public adds to its crumbling and change Every Society depends on compulsion of a few individuals by others.

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Dahrendorf's Conflict Theory Using Conflict hypothesis he tries to show: How relations of specialist get to be distinctly gainful of conflicts of part intrigue, which Under specific conditions prompts to the arrangement of sorted out adversarial assembles inside constrained social associations and social orders.

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Power and Authority Two essential premises: Certain individuals are depended with the privilege to practice successful compulsion over others There is a differential conveyance of force and specialist The focal postulation: The distinctive dispersion of expert makes efficient social clashes (like the class clashes portrayed by Marx)

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Power Defined The likelihood that one on-screen character inside a social relationship will be in a position to complete his/her will in spite of the resistance of others, paying little heed to the base of force. Bases of Power Reward Coercive Legitimate Referent Expert

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Authority Defined The likelihood that a summon with a given particular substance will be obeyed by a given gathering of individuals. Does specialist require a power base for presence? For Example – mastery or referent

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Power v. Expert The contrast between P/A Power is basically fixing to the identity of the individual, yet Authority is constantly connected with social positions (status) Dahrendorf is just worried in his introduction with specialist Authority alone is a piece of the social structure, and along these lines licenses assemble clashes Power just allows individual clash

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Authority and Conflict The reasons why specialist dependably delivers struggle: Authority relations are constantly super and subordination The super ordinate is relied upon to control the subordinate Expectation are joined to status positions instead of the character of the individual Authority relations determine the people subject to control and the circles inside which control is admissible Voluntary relations or mingled relations, there is an obligation to obey Authority that is seen as true blue debilitates adverse approvals for rebelliousness The capacity of the lawful framework to bolster the practice of genuine expert

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Imperatively Coordinated Associations An affiliation is the coordination of parts Super Ordinate Sub Ordinate Tasks require exertion coordination by gathering individuals No assignment - > No coordination Task presentation - > Coordination prerequisite

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Conflict Analysis Investigates the era of contention gatherings made by specialist relations in importantly organized affiliations the unit of examination is the particular affiliation the division of specialist positions Do all affiliations include super ordinate and sub ordinate positions?

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Conflict Analysis cont. Super ordinate/Sub ordinate division in all types of affiliations Everyone participates in an expansive number of various ICA's Sometimes we are super ordinate Sometimes we are sub ordinate

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Power and Authority in Conflict Analysis Is power a zero-entirety idea? Power is never a zero – whole diversion Everyone, in each affiliation has some Power, while not equally dispersed, is omnipresent Authority is a zero - aggregate idea No matter how subtitle the dissemination Always a line Those with specialist (regardless of how little) and those without

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Elites in Society (ICA's) Elites are the individuals who speak to the super ordinate gather in any ICA Generally, subordinates out number the super ordinate But in post mechanical society, the quantity of individuals plainly subjected to expert declines Elites are just tip top in particular affiliations

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Elite Classes in Society Always strife between elites in various affiliations The upper structure of society is not really the exclusive class There is steady change Based on the given specialist relations existing apart from everything else

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The Masses and Suppressed The masses as regularly saw Ignorant Powerless Apathetic Dahrendorf View Intelligent Empowered Interested

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Generalizations about the masses Not really the major of an affiliation 2. Individuals are not really associated by like culture 3. Presence is identified with a specific affiliation