Status of Deep Sea Fishery review in Myanmar

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Status of Deep Sea Fishery review in Myanmar Aung Htay Oo Senior Fishery Officer Marine Fisheries Conservation Unit , DOF . aunghtayoo21@gmail.com

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Introduction Union of Myanmar has long coastline of almost 3000 km. add up to land range is 67.67 million ha. The number of inhabitants in Myanmar is 56.52 million. Three beach front districts Rakhine seaside locale, Naff River to Mawtin point around 740 km. Ayeyarwaddy Delta district, from Mawtin indicate the bay of Mottama, around 460 km. Taninthayi beach front area, from Gulf of Mottama to the mouth of the Packchan waterway, around 1200 km. Coastline framed a few huge estuarine, delta framework and various seaward islands. Beach front zone is exceptionally assorted exhibit of biological community, for example, coral reef, ocean grass bed, mud and sand pads, mangroves, coves, estuaries and so forth,. There are two noteworthy islands gathering the moscos islands in the north and the Mergui (Myeik) archipelago in Taninthayi comprises of more than 800 islands

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Contin: Union of Myanmar, with a zone of 676,577 sq kilometer A long coastline about 3000 kilo meter from outskirt with Bangladesh to Northern-most Taninthayi division. Rich in sea-going assets Total bog region is 0.5 million hectares serving as producing, nursery and encouraging reason for close shore sea-going and bitter water fauna Continental rack covers 228,751 sq kilometers The regional angling zone is inside 12 nautical miles from benchmark The EEZ covers 200 nautical seaward from pattern Myanmar fisheries water including EEZ is 486,000 sq kilometer

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Rakhine state Situated in the westernmost part of the country Boarding with Chin state in North and Magway division. Bago and Ayeyarwaddy division in the east and confronting Bay of Bangal in the west. The territory of Rakhine state is 22852.68 sq km. Situated in tropical rainstorm district, temperature never rise or fall to a great degree. Normal temperature in Sittwe in May the most sweltering month of it is 84º F (29º C), in January the coldest month of the years is 70ºF (21ºC) Rakhine gets a ton of rain every year as the north-west rainstorm twist blows from the ocean. Yearly rain fall at Thandwe is 221 inches.

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Rakhine state (contin:) Kyauk-Phyu gets 186 inches, Sittway get 203 inches. Heavy precipitation and tsunami ascend from ocean when violent winds that are shaped in the Bay of Bengal, enter Rakhine state, bringing on appropriate harms and overflowed ocean water in the swamp region. In spite of the fact that the tempest shows up for the most part in right on time and late time of blustery season. At some point show up in the mid blustery season.

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Rakhine state (contin:) There are angling ventures in Sittway, Kyaukphyu, Thandwe and Andrew sound. The greater part of the catch is transported to Yangon straightforwardly. Express claim pearl culture station is arranged on Apawye island close Thandwe. Sun dried fish and salt are created along the drift, delivered sundried indian anchovy Stolephorus indicus and spanish mackerel Scomberomorus commerson too.

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Previous reviews b= Menon and PPFC group broke down the trawl get information of PPFC for 1975-77 and figured standing load of demersal fish for Burmese rack territory.

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UNDP/FAO Project BUR/77/003 In 1979-80, the examination vessel "Dr. Fridtjof Nenson" directed study in Myanmar water. The targets of the venture, to which these review were relied upon to add To make a gauge of marine fish biomass with the EEZ of Myanmar and specifically, over its mainland rack. Review techniques Acoustic estimation of biomass of demersal and pelagic fish. Estimation by Trawl angling for distinguishing proof and testing and for evaluation of catch rates. Recording sorts of base examples, hydrographical profiles shape drift to 500 mtr profundities for temperature, saltiness and oxygen. Accordingly, 1.0 million metric ton of pelagic fish and 0.8 million metric huge amounts of demersal fish are exists as biomass in Myanmar.

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Shrimp asset study In 1982, Dr. John Tarbit led the shrimp assets overview till 60 mtr profundity extend in Rakhine region. Assessed that 4370 metric tones of shrimp in 5102 sq miles water between 17º to 20º North scope. In 1985, DOF directed remote ocean overview by 533 shrimp trawler, mean catch rate is 31.18 kg/hr Then, Thai-Myanmar joint study was led too and mean catch is 31.6 kg/hr. At that point, DOF of Myanmar and SEAFDEC directed two time fractional remote ocean review in Myanmar in 2004 and 2007.

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FRTV-Chulabhorn In 1990, Joint Myanmar-Thai fishery exploratory Survey has been directed in Myanmar water Research operation with FRTV-Chulabhorn Fishery Biological review, Acoustic overview and Oceanographic study were completed. The consequence of general catch rate was 183.67 kg/hr with around 79.94%of monetarily critical fish, and 20.06% of junk fish. A total grouping of 65 families and 226 species were recognized from trawl get. The most noteworthy catch rate watched was 1,473 kg/hr which was gotten at the profundity of 105.0 mtr at station No-2 in Delta range.

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Myanmar-India oceanographic review In 2002, the joint Myanmar-India oceanographic overview was led in Bay of Bengal and Andaman ocean. To consider the marine tiny fish dissemination, benthos, concoction and mineral substance of the ocean water and so forth; This study was upheld by National Institute of Oceanography The review group from Indian researchers and Myanmar researchers lead by Dr. Swe Thwin who is educator of sea life science from University of Mawlamyein.

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The exercises of SEAFDEC 2 in Myanmar water In 2004 and 2007, the oceanographic study and fishery study was directed in Myanmar water. FRTV-SEAFDEC 2 from Southeast Asia Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC) Survey group researchers from branch of Fisheries (Thailand) and Fishery researchers from Department of Fisheries Myanmar. Considered the catch structure, species piece, length recurrence and oceanographic parameters.

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Jointed Ecosystem based remote ocean overview in straight of Bengal In 2007, the biological community based remote ocean review and fishery study was led in Sri Lanka, India and Myanmar water. utilizing FRTV-SEAFDEC from Southeast Asia Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC) Survey group researchers from India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, DOF of Thailand, SEAFDEC and Myanmar. The angling gears utilized are gillnet, long line, and programmed squid jigging. Considered the catch sythesis, species arrangement, length recurrence and oceanographic parameters and numerous sub-ventures.

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Demersal fishery asset review in untrawlable angling ground at Rakhine in January 2009. The destinations To explore the potential assets of some monetarily imperative species. To present and complete trial of proper/dependable angling riggings and practice for gathering of fisheries assets on the untrawlable grounds. Material and technique Fishing gear: Bottom vertical long line Bait : squids Immersion time : 2 hr No of St: 10 stations Topography study : compact reverberate sounder Fishing water crafts: 2 neighborhood angling pontoons (photographs) Researchers from SEAFDEC and DOF Myanmar. 10 nearby anglers joined on board

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Results and discoveries of Rakhine review

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Fish species got Lethrinus sp. Scolopis monogramma Nemipterus japonicus Lutjanus erythropterus Cephalopholis argus Cephalopholis formosa

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Fish species got Arothron stellatus Psudobalistes flavimarginatus Lagocephalus wheeleri Seriolina nigrofaciata Moray eel Pomadasys hasta

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Fish species got Arius sp

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Observation of Fisheries exercises of Rakhine territory

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Providing angling apparatuses to the neighborhood anglers

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Evaluation of Finding for the future study Fishing time crevice between nearby anglers and overview group. Chosen snare size (might be diminished the catch) The limit of the angling vessels Need to gather more parameters Need to lead more detail review at Rakhine angling grounds coordinated effort with SEAFDEC utilizing more powerful remote ocean angling vessels

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Thank all of you

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