Social Structure and Interaction in Everyday Life

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Section Outline. Social Structure: The Macrolevel PerspectiveComponents of Social StructureSocieties: Changes in Social StructureSocial Interaction: The Microlevel PerspectiveChanging Social Structure and Interaction in the Future. Social Structure and Interaction. Social structure is the system of societal organizations (governmental issues, and religion) and social practices (social parts) that make up

Presentation Transcript

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Section 4 Social Structure and Interaction in Everyday Life

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Chapter Outline Social Structure: The Macrolevel Perspective Components of Social Structure Societies: Changes in Social Structure Social Interaction: The Microlevel Perspective Changing Social Structure and Interaction in the Future

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Social Structure and Interaction Social structure is the system of societal foundations (legislative issues, and religion) and social practices (social parts) that make up a general public and set up cutoff points on conduct. Large scale level review Social communication is the procedure by which individuals act toward or react to other individuals and is the establishment for all connections and gatherings in the public arena.

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Social Structure Framework

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Components of Social Structure Status Roles Groups Social Institutions

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Status A socially characterized position in the public eye described by specific desires, rights, and obligations.

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Status Ascribed status Social position in light of qualities over which the individual has almost no control, for example, race/ethnicity, age, and sexual orientation. Accomplished status Social position that a man accept subsequently of individual decision, justify, or coordinate exertion.

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Status Master status is the most vital status that a man involves. Grown-up toys are material signs that illuminate others of a man's particular status. Illustration: Wearing a wedding band announces that a man is hitched.

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Roles Role Expectation A gathering or society's meaning of the way a particular part should be played. Part Performance How a man really assumes a part.

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Roles Role Conflict Occurs when contradictory requests are put on a man by at least two statuses held in the meantime. Part Strain Occurs when contrary requests are incorporated with a solitary status that the individual holds.

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Stages of Role Exit When individuals leave a part fundamental to their personality: (ex. retirement) Doubt Search for choices - detachment, time away. The defining moment - make a move.

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Social Groups A social gathering comprises of at least two individuals who communicate much of the time and share a typical character and a sentiment association. Essential gatherings - Family, dear companions, school or business related associate gatherings Secondary - Schools, houses of worship, enterprises

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Formal Organization An exceedingly organized gathering framed with the end goal of finishing certain undertakings or accomplishing particular objectives. A considerable lot of us invest a large portion of our energy in formal associations, for example, universities, companies, or the administration.

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Social Institutions A social organization is an arrangement of sorted out convictions and principles that sets up how a general public will endeavor to meet its fundamental social needs.

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Five Basic Social Institutions Family Religion Education Economy Government or legislative issues

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Functionalists: Five Tasks of Social Institutions Replacing individuals. Instructing new individuals. Delivering, conveying, and expending products and enterprises. Safeguarding request. Giving and keeping up a feeling of reason.

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Durkheim's Typology of Social Solidarity Social solidarity depends on social structure which depends on division of work. Mechanical Solidarity - individuals are joined by customs and shared qualities. Natural Solidarity - individuals are joined by shared reliance on each other.

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Tönnies: Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft Sociologist Ferdinand Tönnies (1855– 1936) utilized the terms Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft to describe the level of social solidarity and social control found in social orders. He was particularly worried about what happens to social solidarity in a general public when a "loss of group" happens.

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Gemeinschaft Societies A Gemeinschaft society would be comprised of the different family trees and how they are identified with each other.

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Gesellschaft Societies A Gesellschaft society would be comprised of bunches of trees, each has a specific relationship and may not be focused on the others.

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Industrial and Postindustrial Societies Industrial social orders depend on innovation that automates generation. Individuals who are unemployed don't have an indistinguishable status markers from the individuals who have employments. A postindustrial society is one in which innovation bolsters an administration and data based economy. They are portrayed by an economy in which vast quantities of individuals give or apply data or are utilized in administration employments.

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Social Construction of Reality The procedure by which our view of the truth is to a great extent molded by the subjective implying that we provide for an ordeal. This importance firmly impacts what we "see" and how we react to circumstances.

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Social Construction of Reality Definition of the circumstance - We dissect a social setting in which we get ourselves, figure out what is to our greatest advantage, and change our demeanors and activities as needs be. Self-satisfying prescience A false conviction or forecast that produces conduct that makes the first false conviction work out as expected.

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Ethnomethodology The investigation of the realistic information individuals use to comprehend circumstances. Humanist Harold Garfinkel (1967) started this approach and authored the term: ethno for "individuals" and technique for "an arrangement of strategies." He was condemning of standard human science for not perceiving the progressing courses in which individuals make reality and deliver their own reality.

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Dramaturgical Analysis The investigation of social cooperation that thinks about regular daily existence to a showy introduction. Individuals from our "gathering of people" judge us and know that we may slip and uncover our actual character.

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Dramaturgical Analysis Impression administration People's endeavors to present themselves in ways that are great to their own particular advantages or picture. Confront sparing conduct Strategies to save our execution when we encounter a potential or genuine loss of face.

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Nonverbal Communication Facial expressions Head developments Eye contact Body positions Touching Personal space

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Social Interaction: The Microlevel Perspective

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Social Interaction: The Microlevel Perspective

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