Social Psychology

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Musings about Social Psychology.

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Social Psychology

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Thoughts about Social Psychology "On the off chance that you make it plain you like individuals, it's hard for them to oppose enjoying you back." Lois McMaster Bujold "I am free of all bias. I despise everybody similarly." W.C. Fields "Remain quiet about your apprehensions, yet impart your mettle to others." Robert Louis Stevenson

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Social Psychology Social Psychologists concentrate social conduct. They are occupied with the ways individuals impact and are affected by each other. Social brain research is a differing field joining the investigation of dispositions and observations, influence, and regular practices of generally ordinary individuals in their associations with others.

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Social Cognition How we take care of, store, recall, and utilize data about other individuals and the social world

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Social Perception and Cognition Social discernment and cognizance are mental procedures that help us to gather and recollect data about others, and to make surmisings and judgments in light of that data.

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Making an Impression arrangement The procedure by which individuals create impressions of others Impression administration Refers to our endeavors to control the sort of impression made. Corona impact The impact of marks Primacy impact People tend to give prior data more weight than later data.

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Self-Fulfilling Prophecy Expectations can make results Teachers anticipate that understudies will do well or not Treat understudies diversely Students execute not surprisingly Men trust they are addressing appealing or ugly ladies Treat ladies contrastingly Judges' appraisals of ladies match men's desires

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Attitudes and Behavior A mentality is a general assessment about some part of the world: individuals, issues, or protests. This assessment has three segments: Affective (emotions) or one's sentiments about the question or theme. Behavioral or one's inclination to act especially toward the protest or theme. Subjective (musings) alludes to what you accept or think about the question or point

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Attitudes and Behavior Attitude Predicting conduct Behavior influences dispositions Implicit mentalities Implicit Association Test (IAT)

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Cognitive Dissonance Attitudes and conduct don't generally go as an inseparable unit. Yet, when they are conflicting, an awkward state called psychological discord , which is joined by elevated excitement, emerges.

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$1 "Yes" "No" $20 Boring undertaking Cognitive Dissonance "Did you appreciate the assignment?" Receive

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Cognitive Dissonance hypothesis Reducing jumble amongst practices and sentiments Self-observation hypothesis Make surmisings from our practices Cognitive discord in this present reality Rationalizing unlawful conduct AIDS counteractive action

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Persuasion Elaboration probability display Central Route Expertise of the source, the quantity of contentions, or how other individuals react to the messag Peripheral Route includes considering the appeal andexpertise of the source, the quantity of contentions, or how other individuals react to the message. Obstructions to influence Strong state of mind Reactance Forewarning Selective shirking

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Effective Persuasion Generally the accompanying circumstances are more enticing: Fast speakers (versus moderate speakers). The endeavor at influence stimulates compelling feelings, particularly in the event that it incorporates particular guidance for a positive result. The delivery person is seen as genuine. The beneficiary has low self-regard. At the point when the message does not have all the earmarks of being attempting to induce. At the point when both sides are introduced Exposure impact

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Social Cognition and the Brain Social psychological neuroscience Brain harm Neuroimaging contemplates

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Social Perception and Cognition Stereotypes and Prejudices A generalization is a summed up conviction or assumption about gathering of individuals. We have a tendency to recall irregular qualities or attributes more promptly than common ones, so we shape false generalizations effortlessly. A few generalizations depend on distortions of basically right perceptions. This is not a support for basing our conduct towards other individuals as indicated by inflexible generalizations.

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Stereotypes Ingroup Outgroup Illusory connection Illusion of outgroup homogeneity Ingroup separation Discrimination

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Social Perception and Cognition Stereotypes and Prejudices Prejudice is a horrible demeanor toward a gathering of individuals. Aversive bigotry alludes to the conduct of inadvertently oppressing a few gatherings while communicating the conviction that all individuals are equivalent. Individuals have a tendency to recognize that bias is a major issue on the planet, yet deny that they themselves are partial.

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Understanding Prejudice Realistic clash hypothesis Competition for rare assets Social order hypothesis Self-satisfying prediction Social learning hypothesis

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Social Perception and Cognition Overcoming Prejudice Just getting individuals from various gatherings to talk does not seem, by all accounts, to be sufficient to take care of this issue… Getting individuals from two distinct gatherings to work towards a shared objective seems, by all accounts, to be a more viable methodology. Confirm for this was given by the Robber's Cave analyze. Be that as it may, the youngsters in the test were from self-assertively framed focused gatherings, not two diverse racial or ethnic gatherings.

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Combating Prejudice Contact speculation Recategorization "Jigsaw classroom"

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Attribution An clarification for the reason for an occasion or conduct

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Attributions: Causes Internal attributions Dispositional attributions External attributions Situational attributions Theory of causal attribution Consensus Consistency Distinctiveness

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Attributional Biases Fundamental attribution blunder Self-serving predisposition Belief in a simply world Blaming the casualty

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Relationships: Liking Repeated contact Similarity Physical fascination "Normal" confronts Symmetry Feminized faces

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Relationships: Loving Passionate love Compassionate love Sternberg's triangular model of adoration Passion Intimacy Commitment Attachment style

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Relationships: Mating Preferences Evolutionary hypothesis Social trade hypothesis

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Social Organizations Deindividuation Norms Perceived standards Roles Status chain of importance

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Yielding to Others Conformity An adjustment in convictions or conduct due to weight from others Informational social impact Normative social impact

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Find the coordinating line 1 2 3 Conformity: Asch's Studies

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Compliance An adjustment in conduct achieved through an immediate demand rather thanby social standards. Six standards Friendship/loving Commitment/consistency Scarcity Reciprocity Social approval Authority

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Complience These standards are predictable with a portion of the strategies frequently used to win consistence: 1) The foot-in-the-entryway procedure includes making an insignificantrequest and after that catching up with a bigger demand if the individual follows the first. This strategy seems to work since individuals need to appear to be reliable. On the off chance that they consent to the primary demand, they are being pleasant individuals; declining the second demand would call these selfperceptions into record. 2) The lowball system comprises of first inspiring somebody to make an assention and afterward expanding the cost of the understanding. The entryway in-the-confront system includes making a huge demand first. Whenever denied, the requester can make a littler demand, for what one really needed in any case. Individuals once in a while go to astounding lengths to follow a demand, including making up subtle elements to bolster bogus affirmations of blame.

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Teacher and Learner The Milgram Studies

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Increasing Shocks for Errors The Milgram Studies

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The Milgram Studies 15 volts to 450 volts ("XXX") At 120 volts nearner yells in torment At 150 volts learner makes a request to stop At 300 volts learner beats on divider At 330 volts learner quits reacting Question: how far will instructors go?

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The Milgram Studies Psychiatrists anticipated 2% would go to most extreme level Actual outcomes 65% of instructors went to the greatest level Other variables Lab coat Proximity Ethical issues

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Decision Making in Groups Majority-win control Truth-win administer Group polarization Groupthink

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Performance in Groups Social loafing Social pay Social assistance

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Helping Others Altruism Prosocial conduct Bystander mediation Bystander impact Evaluation misgiving Diffusion of duty