Social Disorganization Theory

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The Feel of a Place. You are riding the tram alone in a noteworthy city that you have never been to. After three or four stops, you understand that you are on the wrong prepare and are lost. You choose to get off at the following stop to approach somebody for help, yet just in the event that it would seem that you are in a decent neighborhood

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Social Disorganization Theory

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The Feel of a Place You are riding the metro alone in a noteworthy city that you have never been to. After three or four stops, you understand that you are on the wrong prepare and are lost. You choose to get off at the following stop to approach somebody for help, however just on the off chance that it would appear that you are in a decent neighborhood – else you are getting back on the prepare. What signs would you use to figure out if you were in a decent or awful neighborhood? What might each prompt inform you regarding the area?

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Understanding the Spatial Distribution of Crime Why do wrongdoing rates contrast crosswise over neighborhoods inside a city? Is neighborhood wrongdoing due exclusively to the sorts of individuals who live there, or is there something about the area condition that encourages wrongdoing?

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Chicago School Social environment of Park and Burgess Inspired by plant and creature nature Based on rivalry for space Studied Chicago, early-mid 20 th century Rapid development because of migration, urbanization, and industrialization Interested in the ethical impacts of these progressions

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Chicago School Model Concentric zone show V CBD Zone of Transition Working Class Zone Residential Zone Commuter Zone IV III II I Cities grow radially outward as individuals go after great space

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The Study of Crime in Chicago Shaw and McKay Mapped locations of delinquents 1920-50 Findings Crime was most noteworthy in zone of move (Zone 2), least in suburbanite zone High wrongdoing continued in Zone 2 paying little mind to which ethnic gathering lived there Groups that left Zone 2 carried out less wrongdoing, bunches that entered perpetrated more wrongdoing Same example for other social issues

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Shaw and McKay's Conclusion Place matters! Wrongdoing was NOT to because of mediocre science or ethnic pathology The reasons for wrongdoing were in the place

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Why the Zone of Transition? Neediness Ethnic heterogeneity (outside conceived) Residential portability (to different zones) Disorder, incivilities Competing lifestyles – subcultures Led to social complication, which prompted to wrongdoing

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The Social Disorganization Model Poverty Residential Mobility Ethnic Heterogeneity Social Disorganization Crime Criminal Subculture

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What precisely is social confusion? Social confusion: Sparse nearby systems, feeble social ties Low authoritative interest Lack of union and trust among neighbors Result: Inability to take care of issues and seek after objectives Parents less ready to mingle and control youth Breakdown in observation

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Socialization & Social Control The objective of socialization is to inspire youth to learn, acknowledge, and live by ordinary standards In what ways do "great" neighborhoods improve the socialization of youth? In what ways do "terrible" neighborhoods undermine the socialization of youth?

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Policy Implications?

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Chicago Area Project Crime counteractive action and treatment Try to motivate occupants to consolidate to enhance their own particular neighborhoods, tackle nearby issues, and make social association Clean up confusion Recreation programs for youth Increase impact over lawmakers Mixed outcomes – hard to make social association

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Recent Developments Systemic model of wrongdoing control Private controls – companions, family, and neighbors – maintain a strategic distance from dissatisfaction Parochial controls – schools, holy places, and deliberate affiliations – amplifies the compass of neighbors' mindfulness, likewise reconnaissance Public controls – capacity to use government assets (get more police, change policing strategies)

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Criminal Justice Policy Disorganized people group are the biggest givers to the jail populace Mostly because of extreme medication laws Are there drawbacks to imprisonment approaches that concentrate on medication wrongdoing? Can expelling culprits from a group be awful for the group?

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Incarceration and Poor, Minority Communities At minimum 10% of African Americans are under some sort of criminal equity control 5-10% of African American men ages 20 to 50 are as of now in prison or jail In a solitary year, around 5% of African American men ages 16 to 34 go to jail "A few groups have encountered war-level setbacks in child rearing age men" Rose and Clear, 1998

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The Downsides of Drug Incarcerations for Poor Areas Increases private portability Disrupts neighborhood interpersonal organizations Removes "providers" from families Opens space for newcomers Criminal record limits business Increases neediness, draw of medication exchange Street code fortified in jail Increase fear, absence of attachment