Singapore s Experience in Managing a Sustainable, Integrated Transport System

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BAQ 2006 13–15 Dec 06, Yogyakarta, Indonesia Singapore's Experience in Managing a Sustainable, Integrated Transport System Loh Chow Kuang Deputy Director, LTA Academy Land Transport Authority, Singapore Website: Email:

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Overview Key Challenges Current Achievements Integrated Approach Sustainable Strategies New Initiatives Conclusion

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23 km 42 km Labor Force - 2.37 mil Per Capital GDP-$44,666 (~US$28,000) SINGAPORE Land Area -699 km 2 Population -4.4 mil Pop Density -6222/km 2

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Growing Travel Demand Million 109 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 8.4m/day 4.4m 2.7m/day 2.4m 0.75m 0.37m 2005 1980 Vehicle Population Trips

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Singapore in 1970

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Singapore Today A First World City – Vibrant, Efficient, Safe, Clean, Green and Liveable

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Car Population -438,000 (58%) Efficient Road System Road Network -3,200 km Expressway Network -150 km Vehicle Population -755,000 Cars/1000 inhabitants - 117

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Average speed inside downtown area amid AM Peak Source: World Cities Research, 2005 Smooth Flowing Roads > 95% of freeways and major blood vessel streets amid pinnacles are sans clog

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High-Quality Public Transport

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Efficient and Affordable Public Transport >85% travels on mass open transport take < 45 min amid the A.M. Crest More than 90% of voyages finished inside a hour 85% of excursions finished in <45min

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$/trip Affordable Public Transport Fares - Without Direct Operating Subsidies Bus/Train Fares among the most reduced on the planet

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42% 58% High PT Mode Share AM Peak Whole Day 37% 63% Public Transport: Bus, MRT, Taxi, Co Bus Source: HIS 2004 Private Transport: Cars, Motorcycle

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88% (320 days) Good Clean Environment Pollutant Standard Index (PSI) In 2005 12% (45 days) Moderate 0% Unhealthy

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Optimize Road Network Sustainable, Integrated Approach Landuse Long-term Urban Planning, Integration of Developments Transport Integrated Landuse/Transport Planning Vehicle Ownership Restraint Develop/Expand Rapid Transit Improve Bus Services Vehicle Usage Restraint Promote Public Transport Traffic Management/ITS Integrate Bus/Rail Network & Ticketing Enhance Safety & Accessibility Enhance Commuter Accessibility Judiciously Expand Road Network Conducive Financing and Industry Framework Environment Emission Standards, Cleaner Fuels, Enforcement, Green Vehicles, Education

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(LTA) Transport Management Framework Ministry of Transport 4 Statutory Boards Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS) Public Transport Council (PTC) Maritime & Port Authority (MPA) Overall ocean transport administration Overall land transport arranging, advancement & administration - LTA Act - Rapid Transit Sys Act - Street Works Act - Road Traffic Act Overall air transport administration Regulates transport, ticket installment administrations and open transport passages - Public Transport Council Act

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(LTA) Policy One-Stop National Agency that: Formulates arrangements and procedures; Plans street & fast travel systems to take care of future travel demand; Develops street & rail foundation and deals with the outline & development of ventures; Manages movement and keeps up street structures & offices; and Regulates open transport administrations and vehicles. ~ 3500 staff (incl 1200 experts) Planning Development Management Road Rail Vehicle Bus Taxi

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Ministry of National Development Ministry of Environment and Water Resources - O verall urban arranging Housing and Development Board - Overall environment assurance and general wellbeing administration - Develop open lodging Others Jurong Town Corp National Parks Board Singapore Land Authority Landuse Transport Environment Holistic Management Ministry of Transport (LTA) - Overall land transport arranging, advancement & administration Public Transport Council (PTC) - Regulate transport and ticketing administrations, and open transport charges

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Long-term Planning for Sustainability

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Public Transport-Centric Development Centralisation – Denser, Higher Reduce auto reliance Favor open transport Decentralization – Closer to home Reduce the need to travel Facilitate top spreading Integration - Intensification along rail halls One-stop comfort Seamless excursion

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High-thickness/High-ascent Residential Towns Major Town CBD No of significant towns -25 High-thickness lodging % of populace -85% Dwelling units/town -20,000-70,000

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Integrated Landuse/Transport Planning

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Computer Transport Modeling Provides travel request figures and movement reenactment for foundation arranging, approach studies and activity administration plans

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Integration with Developments

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Seamless Integration – Dhoby Ghaut Interchange

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Make Public Transport a Choice Mode

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Public Transport Policy Framework Infrastructural & prepare capital expenses borne by Government No working appropriations given Bus administrators appreciate certain assessment concessions Operators are self-maintaining/beneficial Bus administrators given regional imposing business models as a byproduct of their Universal Service Obligation (USO) Bus/prepare tolls controlled (by Public Transport Council) Service norms of transport/prepare/taxi administrators are directed Taxi industry has been changed (passages & new participants)

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Expand Rapid Transit Network

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Evaluation of Infrastructure Investments 2 Criteria : Economic Viability Benefits  Costs Financial Viability Operating Revenue  Operating Costs

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New Rail Transit Lines Currently > 40 km of rail lines are under development

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Public Transport Improvements Stringent Quality of Service benchmarks with direct reviews Integrated smartcard ticketing framework Bus need plans (transport paths, and so forth) Promote advancement and rivalry Develop way of life center points at MRT stations

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Public Transport Improvements (Cont) Air-adapted transport exchanges Covered linkways for suburbanites Low-floor/Wheelchair available transports Express/inventive transport administrations PT Security frameworks Advanced telematics

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Vehicle Ownership Control Managing Demand for Road Usage Road Usage Restraint High Upfront Cost Recurrent Usage Cost - Custom Duty (20%) - Additional Registration Fee (110%) - COE Premium Road Pricing Petrol Duty

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Ownership Control - Vehicle Quota System Implemented in 1990 to control vehicle populace Cap yearly vehicle development rate to < 3% (versus around 7% preceding execution) Certificate of Entitlement (COE) for all vehicle buys - legitimate for a long time (8 years for cabs) Open e-awaiting (twice per month), 5 vehicle classifications

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Weekend/Off-pinnacle Car Scheme Introduced in May 1991/1994 to permit more individuals to possess autos at a lower cost without adding to movement clog. Proprietors appreciate in advance duty refunds of up to $17,000 and a rebate of $800 on yearly street charge (min $50). Free use on Sundays and Public Holidays, 7.00 pm to 7.00 am on weekdays; and from 3.00 pm on Saturdays and the eve of Public Holidays. $20 day permit required outside the above periods. Auto Sharing Scheme Individual/Corporate enrollment 3 private administrators > 50 focuses in lodging bequests, CBD, and so on Intelligent auto get to framework Time and separation based charges Innovative 'Low maintenance' Car Schemes Red No Plate Weekend/Off-pinnacle Car

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Usage Restraint - Road Pricing

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ERP System

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ERP Coverage

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Effect of ALS/ERP

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More on ERP in Singapore SW30: Congestion Charging & Road Pricing on 15 Dec 06 at 1300-1500 h at Bromo 2

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Optimize Road Network Maximize limit by utilizing on innovation Computerized activity flag framework (GLIDE) ITS occurrence administration and continuous movement data (EMAS, J-eye, Traffic Scan) Judiciously extend street system to take care of obliged demand 8% expansion in path km over most recent 10 years versus 17% vehicle development Additional 138 path km by 2010 (new turnpike/streets, street augmentation and enlarging)

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New Underground Expressway

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Enhancing Pedestrian Accessibility Implement boundary free availability for street and street related offices Extend arrangement of worker offices Pedestrian overhead extensions, passerby intersections, secured linkways Pedestrianization of boulevards

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Enhancing Road Safety

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Environmental Sustainability

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Sharing with the World Delegates from somewhere in the range of 50 nations worldwide have gone by LTA > 70 appointments went to LTA in 2005

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Sharing with the World A committed Division of Land Transport Authority (LTA) A one-stop point of convergence for governments, associations and experts around the globe to: tap Singapore's know-how and trade best practices in land transport administration and improvement Key preparing zones: Policy and Planning Public Transport Management Traffic and Road Management Rail Transit Development & Systems Vehicle Licensing and Standards Delivered by Senior LTA Staff who are the Domain Experts Best Practices Exhibit Booth 47

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Conclusion Holistic and visionary way to deal with urban advancement, transport and environment administration Long-term anticipating maintainability Public transport-driven and Integrated improvements Integration of landuse and transport arranging Prudent approaches that advance open transport (esp rail), request administration and natural supportability Innovative methodologies & viable execution

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Singapore ( LTA ) Thank You