Sexual Violence And Undocumented Immigrant Women in NYC: A Participatory Action Research Project

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Appraisal, Monitoring and Evaluation II: Participatory Action Research Methods in Community Based Inquiry . The New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault (the Alliance)Alliance Team - Debi Fry, Daisy Deomampo, Kajori Chaudhuri The New School for Social Research - International Affairs Program (IAP)Teaching Team - Katy Taylor, Alberto Minujin .

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Sexual Violence And Undocumented Immigrant Women in NYC: A Participatory Action Research Project REPORT BACK TO THE COMMUNITY MAY 9, 2006

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Assessment, Monitoring and Evaluation II: Participatory Action Research Methods in Community Based Inquiry The New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault (the Alliance) Alliance Team - Debi Fry, Daisy Deomampo, Kajori Chaudhuri The New School for Social Research - International Affairs Program (IAP) Teaching Team - Katy Taylor, Alberto Minujin

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New School Student Researchers Team 1 - Farzana Ramzan, Kate Crowley, Naomi Erickson Team 2 - Jen Zanowiak, Danielle Jacobs, Sarah Cooper Team 3 - Monica Paz, Kim Hafner, Sara Rowbottom

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Research Objectives Design participatory research instruments that would give migrant ladies: a chance to portray the effect sexual viciousness has on their lives; a gathering to think about the choices ladies in their groups have when looking for help for sexual brutality; a gathering to ponder how sexual savagery could be avoided in their group; and a strong and intelligent condition to examine a since quite a while ago quieted peril in their lives.

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Course Objective To prepare understudies in participatory ways to deal with group based appraisal and assessment. Guide understudy specialists to outline and pilot activity inquire about techniques in NYC people group

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Participatory Action Research What? " A developing group of research techniques that empower groups and their accomplices to examine and improve their own insight and to arrange, organize, and assess research to address nearby worries with an objective of group based activity " PAR moves the typical adjust from a shut to open, from individual to gather, from verbal to more visual and is intended to encourage associations and coordinated efforts Why? To enable and fabricate limit of associations and groups to take care of issues together.

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Research Process Literature Review/Desk Research Stakeholder Analysis Research Design and Tool Development Pilot Tools Data and Process Analysis

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Overview - How apparatuses were connected

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Stakeholder Research 57 partners speaking to 30 associations Stakeholders were drawn from various fields: law implementation/criminal equity, city offices, legitimate, group advancement, wellbeing and human administrations, examine/approach, migrant and evacuee centered, ladies' group based, sexual viciousness and abusive behavior at home situated associations Feedback got through individual and little gathering meetings, and research workshops

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Preliminary Findings from Stakeholders General understanding that sexual savagery is a urgent theme to address Intimate accomplice brutality is most normal type of SV confronted by worker ladies Reluctance to suggest undocumented status with outsider ladies Division about who ought to encourage in various groups

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Sexual Violence And Undocumented Immigrant Women in NYC: A Participatory Action Research Project SCOPE AND IMPACT OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE ON UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANT WOMEN Kate Crowley, Farzana Ramzan, Naomi Erickson Mentor: Katy Taylor Community Report Back The New School Graduate Program in International Affairs with the New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault New York, NY May 9, 2006

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Research Question WHAT IS THE SCOPE AND IMPACT OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE AMONG UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANT WOMEN IN NEW YORK CITY?

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STRUCTURE OF PILOT GROUP SESSION PURPOSE Obtain data about extension and effect from the gathering Understand and tune in to individual stories Empower ladies in the gathering FORMAT List and rank Transition inquiries regarding wellbeing and security Focus assemble dialog on degree and effect of sexual viciousness Wrap-up inquiries Picture study and statistic review

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DEMOGRAPHICS OF WOMEN IN THE PILOT GROUP SESSION BACKGROUND Four ladies, matured 38-52 years of age, from Central America, the Caribbean, and West Africa LOCATION An association that gives administrations to migrants Living in the United States from 2 to 20 years 3 wedded, 1 isolated Diverse religions and instruction levels (essential to college) 3 unemployed 3 of the 4 ladies meeting frequently to examine abusive behavior at home

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LIST AND RANK IDENTIFYING KEY ISSUES WHAT ARE THE MOST IMPORTANT ISSUES FACING IMMIGRANT WOMEN IN YOUR COMMUNITY? 1. Legitimate STATUS 2. Work Permit 3. Thinks about 4. Medicinal Other Issues Disrespect, Job Training Programs, Exploitation, Housing, Lack of Information

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FOCUS GROUP Findings WE ASKED WHAT ARE THE PROBLEMS AROUND SAFETY AND SECURITY? WHICH WOMEN FEEL LEAST SAFE? Reactions FROM IMMIGRANT WOMEN POLICE WILL ONLY INTERVENE IN DV CASES IF THEY CAN ARREST THE HUSBAND POLICE ARE THE ENEMY; DISEMPOWERING. ONE COMMENTED THAT THE POLICE HAD HELPED HER HARASSED AT WORK DUE TO LEGAL STATUS SITUATION IS WORSE FOR GIRLS UNDER 15 WHO ARE NEW TO THE UNITED STATES "VICTIM OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE DOES NOT GET RESPECT BECAUSE ONCE THEY HEAR YOUR ACCENT, PEOPLE ASSUME THAT YOU ARE ILLEGAL AND DON'T PAY MUCH RESPECT TO YOU."

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FOCUS GROUP Findings WE ASKED WHAT IS THE SCOPE OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE THAT YOU HAVE ENCOUNTERED? Reactions FROM IMMIGRANT WOMEN MARITAL RAPE WIFE'S DUTY TO OBLIGE IF HUSBAND WANTS SEX CHILD MOLESTATION BY RELATIVE/FAMILIAR ADULT HARRASSMENT AT WORK (stroking, sexual remarks) Domestic specialists especially at hazard EMOTIONAL BLACKMAIL "MY HUSBAND WOULD RAPE ME WHILE I WAS ASLEEP. I WOULD WAKE UP WITH HIM ON TOP OF ME. I WAS UNSAFE EVEN WHEN I WAS ASLEEP."

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FOCUS GROUP Findings WE ASKED WHAT HAS BEEN THE IMPACT OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE ON YOUR LIFE? Reactions FROM IMMIGRANT WOMEN SENSE OF ISOLATION TROUBLE TRUSTING NEW MEN; BRINGING THEM AROUND CHILDREN UNWANTED PREGNANCY TERRIBLE FEELING; PAIN IN STOMACH SUICIDAL HIV/AIDS TURNED TO RELIGION "I WOULD RIDE THE SUBWAY TO GET AWAY FROM HIM."

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INDIVIDUAL SURVEYS Developing the Survey Quantitative information Policy and law affect Built on IRC and WHO reviews Demographics of Interviewees Age extend from 25-55 Albanian, East African, South Asian, South African In US from 3 to 29 years 2 wedded, 1 single

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INDIVIDUAL INTERVIEW SURVEYS FINDINGS Scope Findings: Sexual brutality at work Domestic savagery Emotional manhandle Impact: Disowned by family Had to leave work Felt as if it was their blame "I KEPT ASKING MYSELF - DID I DO SOMETHING TO PROVOKE HIM?"

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SUMMARY OF FINDINGS SCOPE MARITAL RAPE SEXUAL HARRASSMENT AND ASSAULT AT WORK CHILD ABUSE BY RELATIVE/STEP-PARENT STRANGER RAPE EMOTIONAL DEGRADATION IMPACT HELPLESSNESS/ISOLATION SUICIDAL FEAR OF LOSS OF JOB SCARED OF POLICE AT TIMES FEAR OF DEPORTATION HIV/AIDS

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PROCESS/OBSERVATIONS CONCERN Would foreigner ladies react to our inquiries regarding sexual viciousness in their lives? Perception Immigrant ladies need to recount their stories. They need to be listened. They need to be accepted.

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PROCESS/OBSERVATIONS CONCERN Would our exploration engage members? Reactions FROM IMMIGRANT WOMEN "I USE MY EXPERIENCE TO HELP OTHER PEOPLE." "HEARING OTHER STORIES - TELLING MY OWN EXPERIENCE IS HEALING." "IT HELPS TO BREAK THE ISOLATION I FEEL."

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THANK YOU! ¡GRACIAS! MERCI!

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Sexual Violence And Undocumented Immigrant Women in NYC: A Participatory Action Research Project PREVENTION Kimberly Hafner, Monica Paz, Sara Rowbottom, Daisy Deomampo, Mentor Community Report Back The New School Graduate Program in International Affairs with the New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault New York, NY May 9, 2006

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Research Question How would we be able to end sexual savagery?

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Understanding avoidance An eager arrangement of objectives: Identify social, social, financial and different conditions that empower sexual savagery to happen Identify boundaries undocumented outsider ladies face to diminish their hazard Pinpoint minutes in ladies' lives when counteractive action can do the most great Obtain comes about that go past the regular reactions of instruction, effort, and mindfulness Identify existing group assets that could put aversion exercises into practice Identify what potential anticipation exercises may be

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Choosing individual and gathering approaches Participatory List & Rank and Strategy Diagram List & Rank : Common apparatus to distinguish particular sorts of sexual brutality that are normal in a group Strategy Diagram: Previously been utilized to speak to data accumulated in other participatory activities, i.e. causal stream examination and issue trees (Moser and McIlwaine 2000) Individual inside and out meetings : Identify reasons for sexual viciousness that anticipation must address, basic minutes for aversion exercises to happen, positive assets to reinforce

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Working with ladies Where and when: Bronx Spanish-talking bunch April twentieth 2006, 6 ladies Queens Spanish-talking bunch April 27th 2006, 11 ladies Queens English-talking bunch April 27th 2006, 4 ladies 3 singular meetings 1 Spanish talking, 2 English talking

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Listing and Ranking What are the sorts of sexual savagery that ladies in your group confront? "I live alone as well. I have just barely my little girl, and now I have my sweetheart. I have no one. Furthermore, at times individuals truly need to manhandle you since you are distant from everyone else." "… I am as solid when I am separated from everyone else. .. I take my choices. I do whatever I require [to] do… . When you are with a family, the family is stating: No, do this. Try not. For me now, it's all the more better for me." Domestic Violence/Power accomplice constraining sex (connected to liquor addiction) mental mishandle inside the family terrorizing by accomplice Child Sexual Abuse

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Thoughts on Listing and Ranking Comfortable taking part, even in English Liked discussing the subje

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