Seizing City Resources: Ten Stages to Urban Area Change

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Developing/Transitional: Neighborhoods that fail to meet expectations in light of their business sector potential ... Troubled: Neighborhoods that face the most compelling test of low ...

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Seizing City Assets: Ten Steps to Urban Land Reform The Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy Bruce Katz, Director Vacant Property Forum July 9, 2003

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Setting an Agenda for Urban Land Reform Traditional pondering empty land… Vacant and surrendered properties are images of crumbling and decrease. Adapting to surrender is a weight on city organizations. With regards to duty reprobate properties, go after the cash.

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Setting an Agenda for Urban Land Reform Emerging Thinking About Vacant Land... Empty land is an advantage: all things considered, 15% of a city's territory is contained 'usable empty land' that is accessible for improvement. Utilization of empty land can empower financial advancement and neighborhood change. Empty land speaks to an open door for infill advancement, and a contrasting option to rural sprawl .

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Setting an Agenda for Urban Land Reform Brookings/CEOs for Cities Research Products: Vacant Land in Cities: A Urban Resource Seizing City Assets: Ten Steps to Urban Land Reform Vacant Property Policy and Practice: Baltimore and Philadelphia The State Role in Urban Land Redevelopment City Fiscal Structures and Land Development

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Cities Need to be Proactive in Creating Ready-to-Go Sites: Ten Steps to Urban Land Reform "The most engaging business atmosphere is futile if a group has no property that is [ready to go]… " "Numerous people group now getting a charge bankrupt development are profiting from moves made years or decades prior. In any case, they might hurt their future open doors by neglecting to distinguish arrive renewal as a basic component of monetary improvement… " Site Selection Magazine May 1999

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FY '02-04 FY '03-05 Ten Steps to Urban Land Reform Step 1. Know Your Territory Inventory empty land Know its fairly estimated worth Know its duty status Know its zoning Know its proprietorship Make information accessible freely

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Ten Steps to Urban Land Reform Step 2. Build up a Citywide Approach to Redevelopment Philadelphia, Washington, Baltimore, and different urban areas have started to classify neighborhoods in light of sound market investigation, with open methodologies customized to economic situations. Empty property redevelopment is a piece of these arrangements.

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Washington DC Different Neighborhoods Require Different Strategies. Stable: Neighborhoods with abundant market-driven, private venture and social pointers reliable with or higher than the city normal. Rising/Transitional : Neighborhoods that fail to meet expectations in view of their market potential normally with decently positive pointers, or quick creating neighborhoods subject to fast home deals, rising property estimations and uprooting weights. Upset: Neighborhoods that face the most extraordinary test of low social markers and outrageous private disinvestments.

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Ten Steps to Urban Land Reform Step 3. Execute Neighborhood Plans in Partnership with Community Stakeholders Process ought to be beat down & base up Should incorporate an assortment of group partners (residents, CBOs, entrepreneurs)

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Richmond's Neighborhoods in Bloom "An imaginative attempt focused on bringing back the majority of Richmond's awesome neighborhoods." Community info was requested through group gatherings Six neighborhoods of 49 were chosen to get focused on assets Funded utilizing CDBG, HOME, and nearby capital change dollars Images from: http://www.ci.richmond.va.us/native/neighborhoods/cmxxs_neindex.asp

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Ten Steps to Urban Land Reform Step 4. Make Government Effective Well-working, proficient offices or powers to secure, oversee, and discard empty properties are an absolute necessity. A blend of strategies ought to be utilized - charge dispossessions, judgment, buy, gifts - to obtain property. Drive the framework, screen results, and consider players responsible.

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Baltimore's CitiStat, an information accumulation, PC mapping, and execution assessment approach made by the O'Malley organization, incorporates checking of some city administrations connected with empty property, including: Housing objections; Cleaning and boarding; Demolitions; Acquisitions.

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Ten Steps to Urban Land Reform Step 5. Make a Sound Legal Framework for Redevelopment Reform state and neighborhood property impose dispossession laws Reform laws permitting nearby governments to utilize famous area

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Genesee County Treasurer's Urban Land Redevelopment Initiative Public Act 123 (1999) altered the state's property charge laws, decreasing time to abandon deliquent property from 7 to 2 or less years. Property title can exchange straightforwardly to the County Treasurer or to the State Flint/Genesee has built up the Genesee County Land Reutilization Council (LRC), a land holding element. Arrive Bank Legislation is pending.

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Ten Steps to Urban Land Reform Step 6. Make Marketable Opportunities Frequent correspondence to accomplices A straightforward improvement prepare Marketable empty destinations: earth clean, of adequate size to address the issue, prepared available to be purchased Zoning and construction regulations up and coming and easy to use Active showcasing

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Results: The Former J&L Mill Site in Pittsburgh…

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… Redeveloped into the Pittsburgh Tech. Focus with State Help…

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… Now Home to Cellomics and Other Technology Firms

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Atlanta/Fulton County Land Bank Authority Able to eradicate assess wrongdoings from properties Has given land for more than 1000 units of new lodging

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Ten Steps to Urban Land Reform Step 7. Finance Redevelopment Unavailability of elected and state programs have driven neighborhood governments to make nearby projects, for example, TIFs, charge motivating force programs, impose reduction projects, and bond activities. Extra part for elected and state governments required for scale.

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Ten Steps to Urban Land Reform Financing Tools: Chicago TIF Use More than $2 billion out in the open private speculations made in TIF locale Clean Ohio Revitalization Fund $400 million security program for safeguarding of open space and brownfields renewal

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Build from common civilities, for example, waterfronts & parks Historic structures can be an upper hand Ten Steps to Urban Land Reform Step 8. Expand on Natural and Historic Assets

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Cool Space Locator … focused on the mission of not any more vacant structures in the urban center Non-benefit land financier organization made by 3 Pittsburgh CDCs Recognizes resources of "overlooked" notable structures fitting for little and medium-measure organizations To date has caused more than 140 organizations to discover space

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Ten Steps to Urban Land Reform Step 9. Be Sensitive to Gentrification and Relocation Issues Know the market progression to adapt to gentrification weights should they exist. Look to make movement a win-win circumstance when it is required.

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Ten Steps to Urban Land Reform Committed administration Alliances inside urban areas and in metro regions with keen development advocates Getting the most out of the states Re-connecting with the government Step 10. Arrange for Success

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Ten Steps to Urban Land Reform Step 1. Know Your Territory Step 2. Build up a City Wide Approach to Redevelopment Step 3. Actualize Neighborhood Plans with Community Stakeholders Step 4. Make Government Effective Step 5. Make a Legal Framework for Sound Redevelopment Step 6. Make Marketable Opportunities Step 7. Back Redevelopment Step 8. Expand on Natural and Historic Assets Step 9. Be Sensitive to Gentrification and Relocation Issues Step 10. Compose for Success

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www.brookings.edu/urban

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