Section 10

Chapter 10 l.jpg
1 / 33
0
0
1327 days ago, 520 views
PowerPoint PPT Presentation
... origination, and in addition amid pregnancy, impact the result of the pregnancy. ... Through her eating regimen, a breastfeeding mother keeps on giving every last bit of her nursing ...

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1

Section 10 Nutrition amid Pregnancy and Lactation Mosby things and inferred things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 2

Chapter 10 Lesson 10.1 Mosby things and inferred things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 3

Key Concepts The mother's nourishment propensities and healthful status before origination, and in addition amid pregnancy, impact the result of the pregnancy. Through the sustenance a pregnant lady eats, she gives her unborn youngster the support required to start and manage fetal development and improvement. Mosby things and determined things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 4

Energy Needs Mother needs more vitality to: Supply the expanded fuel requested by the augmented metabolic workload for mother and hatchling. Save protein for included tissue-building necessities. Increment vitality by 300 kcals every day Inceased complex sugars and protein in the eating regimen are the favored wellsprings of vitality. Mosby things and determined things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 5

Protein Needs Protein serves as the building hinders for development of body tissues amid pregnancy. Fast development of the hatchling Development of the placenta Growth of maternal tissues Increased maternal blood volume Amniotic liquid Storage holds (Cont'd… ) Mosby things and determined things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 6

Protein Needs (… Cont'd) Protein admission ought to expand 25 g for each day Complete protein nourishments Milk, eggs, cheddar, soy items, meat Incomplete proteins Legumes, grains Protein-rich sustenances contribute calcium, press, B vitamins Mosby things and determined things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 7

Key Mineral and Vitamin Needs Calcium Essential for fetal improvement of bones and teeth Supplements may be required in instances of poor maternal stores or pregnancies including more than one embryo Iron and iodine Iron key for expanded hemoglobin combination Iodine vital to create more thyroxine (Cont'd… ) Mosby things and inferred things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 8

Key Mineral and Vitamin Needs (… Cont'd) Folate Builds develop red platelets amid pregnancy Needed amid early periconceptional period DRIs prescribe every day folate admission of 600 mcg amid pregnancy, 400 mcg for each day for non-pregnant ladies amid childbearing years May require folate supplements (Cont'd… ) Mosby things and determined things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 9

Key Mineral and Vitamin Needs (… Cont'd) Vitamin D Ensures ingestion and use of calcium and phosphorus for fetal bone development Daily admission of three to four glasses invigorated drain Exposure to daylight increments endogenous combination of vitamin D Mosby things and inferred things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 10

Weight Gain During Pregnancy Set weight objectives as indicated by mother's pregnancy nutritious status and body mass list Underweight ladies: 28 to 40 lbs. Ordinary weight ladies: 25 to 35 lbs. Overweight ladies: 15 to 24 lbs. Corpulent ladies: roughly 15 lbs. High school young ladies: 35 to 40 lbs. Ladies conveying twins: 35 to 45 lbs. (Cont'd… ) Mosby things and determined things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 11

Weight Gain During Pregnancy (… Cont'd) Quality of sustenances expended to build weight is critical. Weight decrease ought to never be embraced amid pregnancy. Normal measure of weight pick up amid first trimester: 2 to 4 lbs. 1 lb. every week weight pick up amid rest of pregnancy Two to three g for each day sodium required. Mosby things and inferred things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 12

Approximate Weight of Products of a Normal Pregnancy Mosby things and inferred things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 13

Daily Food Plan Core nourishment plan is intended to meet expanded nutritious needs. Ethnic foundations, conviction frameworks, ways of life may require elective sustenance arranges. Pregnant ladies ought to maintain a strategic distance from liquor, caffeine, tobacco, drugs. Incorporates adequate amount and standard suppers. Mosby things and inferred things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 14

Chapter 10 Lesson 10.2 Mosby things and determined things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 15

Key Concepts Pregnancy is a prime case of physiologic synergism in which the mother, baby, and placenta team up to support and sustain new life. Through her eating regimen, a breastfeeding mother keeps on giving every last bit of her nursing infant's wholesome needs. Mosby things and inferred things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 16

Functional Gastrointestinal Problems Nausea and regurgitating Morning disorder happens quickly amid first trimester. Is brought about by hormonal adjustments. Little, visit, dry, effortlessly processed vitality nourishments may ease side effects. Extreme and delayed affliction requires therapeutic treatment (Cont'd… ) Mosby things and determined things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 17

Functional Gastrointestinal Problems (… Cont'd) Constipation May happen in last some portion of pregnancy. It is the consequence of expanded weight of augmenting uterus and diminished ordinary peristalsis. Cures incorporate work out, expanded liquid admission, high-fiber sustenances. Hemorrhoids Caused by expanded weight of infant. Normally controlled by dietary recommendations utilized for stoppage. (Cont'd… ) Mosby things and inferred things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 18

Functional Gastrointestinal Problems (… Cont'd) Heartburn Caused by weight of broadening uterus swarming the stomach Dividing day's sustenance consumption into a progression of little dinners more often than not mitigates condition. Impacts of iron supplements: Gray or dark stool, queasiness, blockage, looseness of the bowels Take press supplements one hour before or two hours after a supper with water or squeezed orange. Mosby things and inferred things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 19

High-Risk Mothers and Infants Identifying hazard figures and tending to them early are basic. Distinguishing poor nourishment examples can counteract wholesome issues. Lacking nourishment admission Poor sustenance choice Poor nourishment circulation all through day (Cont'd… ) Mosby things and inferred things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 20

High-Risk Mothers and Infants (… Cont'd) Teenage pregnancy Special care must be given to bolster sufficient development of mother and hatchling. Arranging individual care Work with mother in touchy and steady way. Risky practices ought to be maintained a strategic distance from. Longing for and utilization of nonfood things now and then observed (Cont'd… ) Mosby things and determined things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 21

High-Risk Mothers and Infants (… Cont'd) Special advising needs Age (teenagers, ladies 35+) Parity (a few pregnancies inside a specific number of years) Alcohol mishandle prompting to fetal liquor disorder (FAS) Smoking creating placental anomalies and fetal harm Drug utilize: restorative or recreational (Cont'd… ) Mosby things and inferred things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 22

High-Risk Mothers and Infants (… Cont'd) Special advising needs Vitamin mishandle by megadosing additionally may bring about fetal harm. Caffeine utilized as a part of extraordinary overabundance may bring about fetal damage. Neediness puts pregnant ladies in threat because of requirement for assets for monetary help and sustenance supplements Mosby things and inferred things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 23

Complications of Pregnancy Anemia Deficiency of iron or folate in mother's eating regimen Dietary admission must be resolved, supplements utilized as demonstrated Neural tube deformity Caused by low folate consumption Intrauterine development disappointment Caused by low pregnancy weight, lacking weight increase, smoking (Cont'd… ) Mosby things and inferred things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 24

Complications of Pregnancy (… Cont'd) Pregnancy-instigated hypertension Related to eating regimens low in protein, kilocalories, calcium, salt Optimal nourishment vital, medicinal treatment required Gestational diabetes Results from expanded metabolic workload Important to distinguish in view of hazard variables and treat with extraordinary eating routine or insulin (Cont'd… ) Mosby things and determined things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 25

Complications of Pregnancy (… Cont'd) Preexisting infection Hypertension, diabetes, phenylketonuria (PKU) and different ailments confuse pregnancy. Pregnancy is overseen by a group of masters Mosby things and inferred things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 26

Lactation Trends Breastfeeding on ascend since 1960 83 percent of North American moms at present start breastfeeding. More moms are educated on advantages. Experts perceive human drain can meet one of a kind baby needs. Maternity wards and birth focuses adjusted to bolster lactation. (Cont'd… ) Mosby things and determined things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 27

Lactation Trends (… Cont'd) Breastfeeding is suggested for at any rate initial 12 baby blues months. Appropriate direction can defeat regular challenges. Very much supported moms who breastfeed solely give satisfactory sustenance Solid nourishments are added to infant's eating regimen at six months of age. Mosby things and determined things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 28

Physiologic Process of Lactation Throughout pregnancy mammary organs get ready for lactation. Mammary organs remove supplements from maternal blood and orchestrate different mixes. (Cont'd… ) Mosby things and inferred things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 29

Physiologic Process of Lactation (… Cont'd) Stimulation of areola from newborn child suckling empowers drain generation. Invigorates prolactin: produces drain Oxytocin: Responsible for let-down reflex The more mother breastfeeds, the more drain is created. Mosby things and determined things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 30

Anatomy of the Breast Mosby things and inferred things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 31

Physiology of Milk Production Mosby things and inferred things © 2006 by Mosby, Inc.

Slide 32

Nutritional Needs for Lactation Milk creation requires 800 kcals every day. Requirement for protein amid lactation is 25 g for every day more than lady's normal need. Around 3 L for every day of water, juices, drain, soup add to important liquids. Rest, direct work out, unwinding a

SPONSORS