School Board Leadership: What Research Tells Us

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School Board Leadership: What Research Tells Us NSBA – April 2008 Rick Maloney

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Problem "School sheets are seen by some as so separate from classroom impacts that they have gotten to be… even under the least favorable conditions, intrusive and diverting …, best case scenario, unessential." - Thomas Alsbury

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Review of Research What does existing examination educate us concerning our board part ? Important? What does look into not let us know? i.e., What can extra research offer?

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For Reference The Future of School Board Governance: Relevancy and Revelation ed. Thomas L. Alsbury. Bar. Rowman & Littlefield Education www.rowmaneducation.com Sunday, March 30 th 8:45 am - W311EF Superintendents, School Boards, and Student Achievement: Dispelling the Myth of the "Blob" – Tim Waters, CEO of McREL Sunday, March 30 th 2:00 pm - W310AB School Boards Matter for Improving Student Learning – Lighthouse/Research Session

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Our School Board Role " Lead, Follow, or Get off the beaten path! " - Thomas Paine In our way of life – a predisposition for "Lead" Effective sheets utilize each The trap is to know when to do which "There's a considerable measure of guess and conclusion out there. The majority of those verbal confrontations are not predicated on research." - Thomas Alsbury

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Our School Board Role " Lead, Follow, or Get off the beaten path! " - Thomas Paine Lead What sheets can do – influential position [e.g. – responsibility: screen locale outcomes] Follow What sheets can do – supporter part [e.g. – hold fast to group values] Get off the beaten path What sheets can abstain from doing [e.g. – make contending priorities]

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Policy on Research Data-driven basic leadership commanded: "Choices will dependably be guided by the best accessible research… "

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Think For your board, what choices are guided by research?

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Talk

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Overview School Board Research What's in the Cupboard?

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School Board Research The cabinet is not exposed Dissatisfaction Theory Alsbury Study Iowa Lighthouse Study 2006 McREL Report Others 2007 School Board Research: Main Lines of Inquiry 1975 School Board Research: Main Lines of Inquiry Democratic Process Causes Change Turnover Affects Achievement Board Leadership Matters District Leadership That Works

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Dissatisfaction Theory 1970's-2007 How Does Electoral Change Occur?

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Developing the Theory Frank W. Lutz and Larry Iannaccone Incumbent & Superintendent Turnover Bond Issues Political Culture of Schools

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Status Quo: A Steady State Normal condition of American popular government Electorate: Not unreasonably intrigued… or educated… for the most part fulfilled Low voter turnout Assumption: Incumbents make approach that the general population expects Electorate stable – very still

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Process - Change When strategies don't reflect desires Dissatisfaction – Voter intrigue/turnout rise This can be great, e.g. Bond decision Target – Policy or strategy creator (supt) Instrumental objective – Incumbent annihilation What takes after?

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Change Model

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Change of Direction Political change resembles the swing of a pendulum...affecting the norm (typical state: stable ~ fulfillment) Opposition to the approach achieves a basic point Who alter arrangement course A strategy or program influences business as usual Election changes arrangement producers

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Change of Direction … or development of the electorate along a continuum between two states… 'basic point' 100% Satis-group 100% Dissatis-group Status Quo Prevails Change is Mandated

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Alsbury School Board turnover 76 WA regions �??� 176 decisions 1993-2001  politically inspired turnover* identified with  understudy accomplishment - WASL individuals invest  energy 'tinkering with particulars' *election overcome, acquiescence, retirement If strength takes after turnover…  understudy accomplishment Findings bolster Dissatisfaction Theory

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Implications Politics of training Democracy works by means of occupant turnover But… doesn't support 'adjusting' Pay thoughtfulness regarding the electorate Values, mentalities Single-issue gatherings Understand people group's "disposition" … and reflect group values Grassroots of American vote based system

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Think Concerning Dissatisfaction Theory, What inquiries can control additionally investigate?

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Talk

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Iowa Lighthouse Inquiry 1998-display Does School Board Leadership Matter?

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Original Lighthouse Study (1998-2000) Q: Are school sheets distinctive in high and low accomplishing areas? Concentrated two unique arrangements of regions Similar statistic qualities Very extraordinary levels of understudy accomplishment Interviewed sheets, admin's, instructors Examined Beliefs about what is conceivable Conditions for gainful change

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Differences Board convictions about limit Students' potential Confidence in locale staff Conditions influencing beneficial change Connections over the framework Shared comprehension of what it takes Workplace bolster Professional advancement Balance amongst course and self-governance Community association Distributed administration

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Conditions Affecting Productive Change 1. Associations Across the System People cooperating on the grounds that it is critical to them to enhance instruction for understudies 2. Comprehending What it Takes to Change Achievement A mutual comprehension about the kind of learning society expected to enhance accomplishment and how to sort out the area to get it going

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Conditions Affecting Productive Change 3. Work environment Support Staff are upheld in ways that help them prevail at enhancing understudy learning 4. Proficient Development A comprehension of the reason for and procedure of creating individuals as experts 5. Adjust - Districtwide Direction and Building Level Autonomy Reliance on information to set up a harmony amongst center and heading from a locale point of view with scope at the building level – to accomplish value over the framework

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Conditions Affecting Productive Change 6. A Strong Community Connection A comprehension of how to create group association and shared duty regarding change 7. Dispersed Leadership Broad-based initiative gives guidance and center for development work. Solid however touchy authority, at all levels of the framework

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Summary: Original Study School sheets do have any kind of effect Research-based association between school sheets and understudy accomplishment levels Unknowns: What the board does that has any kind of effect How to end up distinctly a higher working board

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Phase II: The Lighthouse Project (2002-2007) Q: How do sheets impact the conditions for achievement that are vital for improving accomplishment? Q: What bolsters do they require? Q: What do board individuals and superintendents as of now accept about the part of the board for enhancing student realizing and what impacts board individuals' convictions?

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Findings: Phase II Five primary parts of the load up are to: Set clear desires for results Hold themselves and region staff responsible Ensure the conditions for achievement Build the group will to succeed Create time to learn together as a load up group

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Findings: Phase II Seven key zones of execution Creating consciousness of need to enhance Applying weight for responsibility Demonstrating duty Supporting quality expert improvement Supporting districtwide initiative Developing deliberative approach Connecting with the group

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Think Concerning Lighthouse examines: What inquiries can control additionally look into?

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Talk

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2006 McREL Report: School District Leadership that Works Does Superintendent Leadership Matter?

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Methodology Meta-investigation Classroom Instruction That Works School Leadership That Works 27 concentrates 2,817 areas 3.4 million understudies' accomplishment scores

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McREL Findings "Region level authority matters" "Successful administrators center their endeavors around making objective arranged locale" "Director residency is emphatically corresponded with understudy accomplishment" Surprise: "Characterized self-sufficiency" Find and Replace: "director" … 'school board'

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McREL Findings "Region level initiative matters" Implies : Superintendent authority matters Implies : School board authority matters "Powerful directors center their endeavors around making objective situated regions" "Administrator residency is decidedly connected with understudy accomplishment" Surprise: "Characterized independence"

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McREL Findings "Region level initiative matters" "Compelling directors center their endeavors around making objective arranged regions" "Director residency is emphatically related with understudy accomplishment" Surprise: "Characterized self-rule"

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McREL Findings "Region level administration matters" "Viable school sheets center their endeavors around making objective arranged regions" "Administrator residency is decidedly associated with understudy accomplishment" Surprise: "Characterized self-governance"

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McREL Findings "Region level administration matters" "Viable administrators center their endeavors around making objective situated regions" Collaborative Goal-Setting Non-debatable objectives for accomplishment/instr. Board arrangement/support of area objectives Monitor objectives for accomplishment/guideline Use of assets to bolster ach/instr objectives

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McREL Findings "Region level authority matters" "Viable school sheets center their endeavors around making objective situated locale" Collaborative Goal-Setting Non-debatable objectives for accomplishment/instr. Board arrangement/support of area objectives Monitor objectives for accomplishment/direction Use of assets to bolster ach/instr objectives

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