RFID Human Motion Alarm System

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RFID Human Motion Alarm System Chris Hirsch & David Huskey

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Automated ID technique Lightweight, compact Tags can be perused from a few meters away, (here and there) past line of site of peruser Passive RFID labels have no inner power supply Small electrical current actuated in the recieving wire by the approaching RF flag gives simply enough energy to the tag to control up and transmit a reaction back. Prologue to RFID

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Objectives Incorporate RFID into room alert frameworks Sound a caution when an unaccompanied unapproved interloper is in the ensured room Transmit information by means of serial to a PC where it can be checked by security Design a caution framework that is easy to understand Design an alert framework that is sufficiently powerful to recognize any gatecrasher utilizing any strategy for section

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Inputs: RFID Reader IR Motion Sensor 16 Button Keypad Outputs: Siren LEDs RS-232 Port RFID Transponde r Antenna Siren/LEDs Controller RFID Reader PC Output IR Motion Sensor Keypad Input Basic Abstract Design

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Runs program that screens voltages from the contributions of the framework (keypad, movement sensor, and RFID peruser) in an interminable circle. Controls all yields of the framework (Siren, LEDs, and PC show) by setting voltages on yield pins. PIC16F877A Microcontroller

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1. Keypad State 3. Siren State Keypad Deactivated RFID Deactivated Correct Keycode Tag Not Present Siren Deactivated Motion Detected 2. RFID State Correct Keycode Tag Present Keypad Activated Keypad Activated Siren Activated (when Keypad & RFID enacted) Microcontroller Flow Chart

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SkyeTek M9 RFID Reader Chosen over the Texas Instrument RFID Reader for its unrivaled range Receives orders from and transmits reactions to the controller through a RS-232 port at 34.8 kbps Operates at a recurrence of 915 MHz and yield force of 500 mW

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Skyware Software

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HyperTerminal Communication with RFID Reader

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Grayhill Keypad 16 catches – 16 conceivable interconnections 4x4 framework that can be tested at the 8 yield sticks Extra catches take into consideration including extra elements later on

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Microcontroller: Keypad Input Sets pins 1-4 to high consecutively and watches pins 5-8 for associations with figure out whether a key has been squeezed. Revise successive Key-Code from the client actuates/deactivates the alert framework

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6000 PIR Infrared Motion Detector Chosen for its long range and ease Requires +12 and –12 volts for power Outputs a flag of 1.1 volt when movement is distinguished

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The controller screens the voltage on the movement finder yield. Microcontroller utilizes the ADC capacity to screen the AC voltage. Changes over a constant flag to a careful advanced number from 0 to 1024 (2^10) When voltage transcends 50mV or 10 on the ADC scale on this info (and the caution is in dynamic mode) the alert is activated. Microcontroller: Motion Detector Input

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Output Components Sonalert Siren Draws minimal current at 5 volts (~2 mA) Controlled by the Microcontroller LEDs Red and green LEDs have a voltage drop of 2.1 volts and are associated with 560 ohm resistors keeping in mind the end goal to confine the current sourced by the PIC to roughly 5 mA RS-232 Port PC Output Connected to the microcontroller by means of the MAX-232 chip 38.4 kbps and just requires a wire for transmitting to the PC and a wire for ground

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Red LED can be turned on and off by entering right key-code. Green LED is on when the controller considers no labels to be in the room. At the point when both LEDs are on, unapproved faculty are to remain out of the room, on the grounds that the caution is in dynamic mode. Microcontroller: LED Output

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Beeps (voltage high for 150 milliseconds) once when a tag is seen going into the room and twice when a tag is seen leaving. Longer Beeping for a 10 second beauty period when the PIC chooses that there is a gatecrasher. Persistent commotion from the siren if the alert is not deactivated after the effortlessness time frame. Microcontroller: Siren Output

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Information is sent to the PC as ASCII characters through a RS-232 port associated with the PIC microcontroller through the Max-232 chip. Microsoft HyperTerminal shows the content. Demonstrates when the alert is actuated and deactivated. Demonstrates which ID labels enter and leave the secured room. Microcontroller: Computer Output

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Main PCB Components & Enclosure PIC Microcontroller The cerebrum of the alert framework FOX 20MHz Oscillator Clock contribution for the PIC 5V Voltage Regulator Steps voltage down from 12 volts to 5 volts Max-232 Chip & 0.1 microfarad Capacitors Converts TTL voltages to RS-232 voltages and the other way around.

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Overall Schematic

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Counter Code Implemented Each client could just exit and enter after ten emphasess of the coded circle User held label parallel to peruser at different separations

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Null Code Implemented Each client could just exit and enter after the PIC had gotten an invalid reaction from the peruser User held label parallel to peruser at different separations

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Both Codes Implemented User can just exit and enter after invalid code is gotten and after 3 cycles of the circle had passed User held label parallel to peruser at different separations

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Multiple User Test to ensure the framework could deal with numerous clients immediately Tested in single document and next to each other User held label parallel to peruser at different separations

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Wallet & Denim Test Through a wallet at under a foot Through a denim take at under a creep Due to the low power yield of the peruser and also the introduction of the tag

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Testing the Motion Detector

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Testing the Motion Detector

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Never 40˚ half Detection Rate half Detection Rate 50˚ Always Testing the Motion Detector

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Project is a win Alarm sounds when the framework is in dynamic mode and an unapproved interloper is in the 40' x 40' room. Data about current ID labels in the room and the condition of the alert framework can be transmitted serially to a PC for perception. The outline is easy to use. Clients can rapidly recognize the beeps and LEDs to know whether their ID tag has been filtered. Victories

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RFID Challenges Certain materials significantly diminish scope of RFID label location rate In Wallet Range – <1ft for dependable recognition rate In Denim Pocket go - <1in for solid identification rate Standing simply out of scope of the RFID recieving wire (>4ft) can some of the time cause mistaken, undesirable label examines Challenges

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More RFID Challenges The peruser battles to sweep labels when there are huge deterrents, for example, someone else. Two individuals strolling in the room without a moment's delay has a poorer achievement rate. Movement Detector Challenges Poor arrangement can bring about undetected movement. More Challenges

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A PC program could be composed to inform powers when there is a security rupture by sending an E-mail or SMS. Additional catches on keypad could be used to include more usefulness, for example, the capacity for the client to change the key-code. More RFID labels could be included. Outline Alternatives

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David Huskey & Chris Hirsch Thank You