Recovery Engineering and Assistive Technology

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Restoration Engineering and Assistive Technology Richard L. Goldberg Dept. of Biomedical Engineering University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Duke University

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Outline What is restoration designing? Impact of handicap rights development and government enactment Overview of recovery building research regions Projects worked by UNC and Duke understudies Conclusion

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What is Rehabilitation Engineering? Recovery designing the utilization of science and innovation to enhancing the personal satisfaction of individuals with incapacities. Assistive innovation (AT): items, gadgets or gear … that are utilized to keep up, increment or enhance the practical capacities of people with inabilities (1998 Tech Act) Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America

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What do recovery engineers do? Work in research lab facility industry (i.e. item improvement lab) Work with Clients and their families, educators, managers Health mind suppliers (MD, OT, PT, SLP) More clinical work than other designing fields Engineers must figure out how to function with individuals with handicaps

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Disability rights development In parallel with social equality, focused at Berkeley In 1962, Ed Roberts admitted to Berkeley In 1971, Center for Independent Living opened in Berkeley Before 1970s, individuals with incapacities were not unmistakable in our general public Since then, individuals with inabilities have possessed the capacity to coordinate This has energized the development in restoration building

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Civil rights enactment Granted common assurances to individuals with inabilities Cannot avoid individual from school, work, and so forth in light of their handicap

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Education Legislation Guarantees the privilege to a "free, suitable government funded instruction" for all youngsters Inclusion – kids w/handicaps in consistent classroom OT, PT, SLP administrations must be given in school

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Assistive Technology Legislation Provided elected assets to states to create programs for preparing and conveyance of AT i.e. NC assistive innovation extend, Pennsylvania Initiative on AT Source: University of Buffalo Assistive Technology Training Online Project (ATTO)

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Research territories Augmentative correspondence Computer get to

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Research ranges Ergonomics Prosthetics and Orthotics

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Research regions Recreation transportation

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Research regions Seating and wheeled versatility Sensory guides (hearing, vision)

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Research zones Universal plan The outline of items and situations to be usable by all individuals, to the best degree conceivable, without the requirement for adjustment or specific plan. Source: NCSU Center for Universal Design http://www.design.ncsu.edu/cud/

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UNC and Duke ventures Project thoughts proposed by human services supplier in the group Students in Rehabilitation Engineering Design class create custom gadget in one semester Device is conveyed to customer for nothing out of pocket Project advancement Assess the capacities and confinements of the customer Propose a gadget that addresses their issues Ongoing communication with customer, family and advisors Safety is vital

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Pop dabs for customers at preschool Public preschool for youngsters with an assortment of handicaps Teachers utilize pop-dabs to advance better engine control, arm quality, eye-hand coordination Problem: interfacing pop-dots gets exhausting!

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Sensory incitement pop dabs Beads illuminate, vibrate, and play a melody for 5-10 seconds when associated or separated This makes the errand more fun Battery energizing stand Inside of dab

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Communication gadget for "Chris" Chris was conceived with a hereditary condition that brought about an assortment of physical and psychological constraints Uses a walker or slithers to move around the classroom Unable to talk understandably Uses a straightforward specialized gadget Cannot get to switches on business versatile gadget

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Portable comm. gadget We built up a convenient gadget, incorporated with a denim vest He could play back message by pulling on one of 4 key chains Teacher or parent could re-record these messages

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Sensory incitement for "Jenny" Jenny is a 3 year old young lady with athetoid cerebral paralysis She has poor arm and trunk quality Her PT asked for a gadget that utilized tactile incitement to urge her to reach forward and up Commercial gadgets were not suitable

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Jenny's "sound divider" Five secluded squares Motorcycle handlebar Spinning blossom Record/play Telephone Blank Commercial items were adjusted so she could get to them

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Work seat for "Emma" Emma is a grown-up with a mental imbalance who works at Orange Enterprises She is 3 ft. tall She needs a seat that is at a suitable stature for a 30" work surface She needs to get in and out of her seat securely She doesn't have quality to "de-weight" a standard office seat or "pump up" a barbershop seat It must be easy to utilize in light of the fact that she gets furious when her routine is changed

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Retractable strides Uses record drawer slides, springs, and pulleys When seat pivots, it changes the edge of the document drawer slides Simple, protected, subtle Turn to side, and steps amplify Face forward, and steps withdraw

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Orientation gadget Preschool age youngsters who are visually impaired need to explore around the home and classroom Young kids don't have the subjective capacity to utilize ultrasonic stick or other business gadgets They require a straightforward gadget that helps them to explore

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AODie: Acoustic Orientation Device 5 signals set at various "points of interest" i.e. work area, lavatory, and so on. Kid holds control Box has 5 raised catches, each with an alternate shape, that compare to 5 signals When a catch is squeezed: The relating reference point "beeps" The control box plays a prerecorded message, i.e. "this is your work area" Simple to utilize!

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Conclusions Rehabilitation building and assistive innovation can enhance the personal satisfaction for individuals with incapacities Students have outlined, manufactured, and conveyed an assortment of custom assistive gadgets Students have connected their building aptitudes to address a genuine requirement for an individual Response has been exceptionally constructive, in spite of the fact that there has been no formal assessment of progress

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Acknowledgments Students in Rehabilitation Engineering Design class at UNC and Duke Teachers and specialists Clients and their families who motivated the ventures Larry Bohs and Kevin Caves at Duke Funded by NSF allow BES-9981867 and UNC Ueltschi Service Learning award

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Any inquiries? Assets UNC site: http://www.bme.unc.edu/~rlg/rehabDesign Duke site: http://www.duke.edu/~lnb/bme260 NSF site: http://nsf-pad.bme.uconn.edu/

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