Recorded Development of the Periodic Table

0
0
1483 days ago, 590 views
PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Recorded Improvement of the Occasional Table. Occasional Table of the Components. is a course of action of the components as per their properties. It empowers scientific experts to arrange the components with the goal that it is conceivable to distinguish examples and patterns in their properties.

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1

Chronicled Development of the Periodic Table

Slide 2

Periodic Table of the Elements is a game plan of the components as indicated by their properties. It empowers scientists to order the components with the goal that it is conceivable to recognize examples and patterns in their properties. Numerous researchers have made noteworthy commitments to the improvement of the advanced Periodic Table,  

Slide 3

Historical commitments to Development of Periodic Table Greek scholars 400 B. C. Aristotle examined the presence of four 'fundamental components' earth, air, fire and water Alchemists 1600s Tried to change over known normal metals (particularly lead) into gold Robert Boyle1661 First characterized a component as a straightforward substance.

Slide 4

Historical commitments to Development of Periodic Table Joseph Priestley 1774 Isolated oxygen gas Antoine Lavoisier 1774 Explained ignition as response with oxygen from the air. Built up the Law of Conservation of Mass. Created a table of '33 components'.

Slide 5

Historical commitments to Development of Periodic Table Humphrey Davy 1807 Isolated sodium, potassium, barium, calcium strontium, magnesium and boron. Distinguished iodine and aluminum as components John Dalton 1808 Re‑introduced thought of particles. Evaluated relative nuclear masses.

Slide 6

Historical commitments to Development of Periodic Table Johann Doberliner 1817 Identified "groups of three" of components in light of their properties and relative nuclear masses. Jons Berzelius 1828 Calculated exact qualities for relative nuclear masses for some components. Presented letters as images for the components.

Slide 7

Historical commitments to Development of Periodic Table Stanislao Cannizzaro 1860 At the Karlsruhe Congress, recognized iotas and atoms and characterized valence. Mistakes in relative nuclear mass estimations were cured. John Newlands 1864 Arranged known components in entire number request. Proposed 'Law of Octaves' ‑ intermittent variety of properties with relative nuclear mass.

Slide 8

Historical commitments to Development of Periodic Table Lothar Meyer 1868 Classified the components in a deliberate table which showed the intermittent way of their properties Dimitri Mendeleev 1869 Put forward the occasional law. Masterminded known components as indicated by relative nuclear mass and properties into vertical 4 gatherings' and flat 'periods'. Left holes and anticipated properties of unfamiliar components.

Slide 9

Historical commitments to Development of Periodic Table William Ramsay 1892 Discovered the honorable gasses. Remembered them as another gathering of components for the Periodic Table with zero valency. Marie Curie 1898 Investigated radioactivity of uranium. Separated polonium and radium

Slide 10

Historical commitments to Development of Periodic Table Henry Moseley 1913 Using X‑rays found the right request of the components in the Periodic Table, later called the nuclear number. James Chadwick 1932 Discovered the neutron. Prompted to clarification for the presence of isotopes and thought of mass number and relative nuclear mass.

Slide 11

Historical commitments to Development of Periodic Table Glenn Seaborg 1941 onwards Artificially delivered the vast majority of the transuranium components up to nuclear number 109.

Slide 12

Discovery of the Elements (especially the initial 36 components and the incandescent lamp; incorporates period 3 and the main move arrangement) Ancient Civilisations 9 components were known: C S Fe Cu Ag Sn Au Hg Pb Alchemists 1400‑1600s Another 5 components were found: P Zn As Bi Sb

Slide 13

Discovery of the Elements 1700s 17 new components including: H Be N O Cl Ti Cr Mn Co Ni U 1800's  51 new components including: He Li B F Ne Na Mg A] Si Ar K Ca Sc V Ga Ge Se Br Kr 1

Slide 14

Discovery of the Elements 1900s whatever remains of the actually occuring components (10) up to number 92 and the 17 falsely delivered components up to number 109.

Slide 15

Discovery of the Elements At the start of the nineteenth century, just around 30 components were known. A few researchers, specifically John Dobereiner (1817), John Newlands (1864) and Lothar Meyer (1868) endeavored to characterize the known components amid the 1900s.

Slide 16

Discovery of the Elements When Dimitri Mendeleev ordered the main Periodic Table in 1869, it contained 63 components. The exactness of his expectations is represented by the resulting disclosure of components to fill the holes he cleared out in his table and by the consequent revelation of the honorable gasses by William Ramsay.

Slide 17

Dimitri Mendeleev (1834‑1907) The First Periodic Table Mendeleev, a Russian physicist, put in quite a long while gathering, ordering and condensing point by point data about the sixty or so known components. In 1869, he in the long run orchestrated his cards into the main Periodic Table which had the accompanying components:

Slide 18

Features of the Periodic Table the components were organized all together of expanding relative nuclear mass components with comparable synthetic properties were put into vertical gatherings level lines were called periods crevices were left in the table for unfamiliar components.

Slide 19

Dimitri Mendeleev (1834‑1907) Mendeleev had understood that the substance properties of the components change intermittently with expanding nuclear mass. This is known as his Periodic Law. By the by he set more noteworthy significance on properties than on nuclear mass qualities. He could foresee, with awesome precision, the properties of the components that ought to fit into the holes he had cleared out.

Slide 20

Dimitri Mendeleev (1834‑1907) specifically, germanium, scandium and gallium were later appeared to have fundamentally the same as properties to those conjecture by Mendeleev. Therefore in 1914, Henry Moseley's X‑ray information prompted to the idea of nuclear number, which is the quantity of protons in the core of an iota. It was soon appeared to be a more major property of particles than relative nuclear mass.

Slide 21

Dimitri Mendeleev (1834‑1907) It likewise demonstrated that Mendeleev had been right to place tellurium (nuclear number 52) preceding iodine (nuclear number 53) notwithstanding iodine's lower relative nuclear mass. The modem Periodic Table demonstrates the components composed all together of expanding nuclear number.

Slide 22

Dimitri Mendeleev (1834‑1907) The thoughts Mendeleev utilized as a part of the readiness of his Periodic Table were Convinced the compound properties of the components changed in a standard, rehashing way. Masterminded the known components all together of expanding nuclear mass with the goal that level columns (periods) were framed. Components with comparative synthetic properties were put into vertical sections called bunches. Left crevices in his table if a component with the fitting concoction properties was not known at the time.

Slide 23

William Ramsay (1852‑1916) Discoverer of the respectable gasses

Slide 24

William Ramsay (1852‑1916)

Slide 25

William Ramsay (1852‑1916) I n 1892, a Br itish physicist, Lord Rayleigh, looked at the thickness of nitrogen gas got from concoction responses. He was astounded to find that the nitrogen from air was denser than the nitrogen from substance reactions. One of his partners, William Ramsay, researched the matter further.

Slide 26

William Ramsay (1852‑1916) After the careful  evacuation of carbon dioxide, oxygen, water vapor, clean lastly nitrogen, Ramsay inspected the emanation range of the remaining gas. This range, comprised of gatherings of red and green lines , had not been seen before and was in this way another component.

Slide 27

William Ramsay (1852‑1916) Ramsay. understood that he had found one of another gathering of components that were not responsive. The new component was given the name argon (from the Greek, signifying 'idle')  He was later ready to disengage and recognize the other honorable gasses krypton, neon and xenon by the fragmentary refining of fluid argon acquired from air.

Slide 28

William Ramsay (1852‑1916) Helium had beforehand been identified as a splendid yellow line in the emissi on range of light from the sun amid a sun powered shroud in 1868. Ramsay exhibited its reality on Earth by inspecting the range of gas acquired from uranium metal. Radon, framed by the radioactive rot of radium, was found by Friedrich Dorn in 1900. Ramsay decided its relative nuclear mass.

Slide 29

Significance of Ramsay's Work Argon, first of the honorable gasses to be discovered.appeared to be absolutely inert Its recognizable proof lead Ramsay to recommend this new gas was a piece of another gathering of components with zero valency coming after Group VII Other individuals from the new gathering VIII were accordingly segregated and distinguished.

Slide 30

Historical Development of Modern Atomic Theory Mendeleev's work propelled others to scan for unfamiliar components as well as to research the way of matter itself Mendeleev masterminded the components all together of expanding nuclear mass. The qualities he utilized for relative nuclear masses depended on those assessed by John Dalton in the early piece of the eighteenth century.

Slide 31

Historical Development of Modern Atomic Theory Dalton had additionally resuscitated the antiquated Greek thought concerning the particulate or nuclear nature of matter in 1808. The revelation of the electron by John Joseph Thomson in 1897 and his plum pudding model of the iota drove the best approach to further examinations by Ernest Rutherford amid the years from 1902 to 1920.

Slide 32

Historical Development of Modern Atomic Theory Other disclosures empowered the atomic molecule show proposed by Rutherford to be further changed and refined into the shell model of Niels Bohr and in the end into the advanced quantum mechanical model of Erwin Schrodinger and Werner Heisenberg. A time‑line of these thoughts and revelations is demonstrated as follows.

Slide 33

Historical advancement of speculations of nuclear structure Greek Philosophers 300‑400 BC Democritus and Epicurus first explor

SPONSORS