Prologue to Systematic Theology

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´╗┐Prologue to Systematic Theology

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OLD CATHOLIC THEOLOGY Not Identical with Roman Catholic Theology Modern RC Theology depends on the Council of Trent and Vatican Councils I and II Old Catholic Theology happens before division between the western church and the eastern church in A.D. 1054 Patristic Theology , is the philosophy of the fathers, the initial 4, 5 centuries  Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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OLD CATHOLIC THEOLOGY A time of development in which there was little time for genuine intelligent work Scripture got with a gullible confidence; practice was esteemed above hypothesis Attempts to rethink or retain Christianity by different frameworks, e.g., Gnosticism Reflective, logical religious philosophy started with the Apologists, A.D. 120-220 Aristedes, Justin Martyr, Athenagoras, Tatian, Theophilus, Tertullian Often, they safeguarded Christianity by utilizing agnostic philosophical terms Such "blend considering," utilizing agnostic ideas or terms to protect Christianity, denied Christianity of its authority Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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OLD CATHOLIC THEOLOGY TERTULLIAN cautioned against the union of Athens and Jerusalem Nevertheless he presented terms: Trinitas , Substantia , and Persona into Trinitarian wrangle about The utilization of agnostic terms is adequate when loaded with Christian importance; e.g., John 1:1: kai 'o logoj sarx egeneto Summary of initial three centuries: Theology was a by-result of self-reproachful action. Introduction to Systematic Theology 4

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OLD CATHOLIC THEOLOGY: In the Fourth century, there was the ascent of interior clash Theology created in a polemical setting Controversial religious philosophy created over Trinitarian/Christological issues Controversy was essentially inside the land limits of the eastern church The initial four committees of the Church happened in the East (Asia Minor, or current Turkey) Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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OLD CATHOLIC THEOLOGY: Four Ecumenical Councils ChalcedonA.D. 451 ConstantinopleA.D. 381 Nicea A.D. 325 Ephesus A.D. 431 Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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EASTERN CHURCH Concern with being/Trinity Concern with connection of Man to God Interested in nature of Sin characterized as far as God Holy and Just cooperation in defilement/salvation is investment in deity) Ontology-Being/Non-being Mystical Roots in Scripture: JOHN concentrated on the Person of Christ, the Ontology of Redemption WESTERN CHURCH Concern over Person of Christ Man blameworthy before God Emphasis on Legal (criminological) Law and Grace Rational Roots in Scripture: PAUL concentrated on the Economy of Redemption, Justification, Union with Christ OLD CATHOLIC THEOLOGY: Certain patterns created inside the two topographical divisions Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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OLD CATHOLIC THEOLOGY: Old Catholic Church Eastern Orthodox Roman Catholic Mystical Forensic Reformed Heavily Forensic Mystical Purged Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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OLD CATHOLIC THEOLOGY: Origen Wrote De Principiis , On First Principles Regarded by some as the primary Systematic Theology content John of Damascus Finalized the Eastern teaching of Trinity The most powerful of the Greek scholars Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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OLD CATHOLIC THEOLOGY: Augustine Enchiridion advertisement Laurentium , Handbook for Lawrence Based on a 3-crease division of confidence, trust, love [doctrine, Lord's Prayer, ethics] Division regularly reflected in numerous Protestant instructions Influenced ahead of schedule in life by Manichaeism and Neo-Platonism Developed religious philosophy of unique sin-against Pelagianism Developed philosophy of chapel/holy observance against Donatus Known for his work in Trinitarian philosophy and his advancement of twofold fate. Introduction to Systematic Theology 4

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OLD CATHOLIC THEOLOGY: Methodological Considerations Little attention to pledge First standards conflictingly connected Priority of Scripture for some Priority of agnostic philosophical ideas for others Cultural impacts decided direction of creating religious philosophies (Eastern/Western) Trinitarian/Christological discussions prompted to noteworthy creedal improvement Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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SCHOLASTIC THEOLOGY The Period, A.D. 1050-1517 This sequence depends on Gordon Clark, Thales to Dewey , 249 See additionally the order in William Cunningham, Historical Theology , 1, 414 Three littler periods Early Scholasticism, A.D. 1050-1200 Lanfranc-Albertus Magnus High Scholasticism, A.D. 1200-1340 Albertus Magnus, Aquinas, Bonaventura, Duns Scotus Late Scholasticism, A.D. 1340-1517 Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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SCHOLASTIC THEOLOGY Libri Quatuor Sententiarum Peter Lombard, Four Books of Sentences composed, 1150-1160 Sic et Non Peter Abelard, Yes and No , lived 1097-1142 Corpus Juris Canonici Gratian, Body of Canon Law , ca .1150 Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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SCHOLASTIC THEOLOGY Anselm , A.D. 1033-1109 Methodology compressed in trademark, Credo Ut Intelligam , "I have confidence all together that I may comprehend" For Anselm, Faith is preceding Reason Reacted against the enchanted inclinations of medieval religious philosophy Cur Deus Homo , ( Why the God Man ?) Introduced fulfillment hypothesis of amends in view of God's grandness being affronted Proslogion and Monologion , Developed Ontological contention for presence of God Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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SCHOLASTIC THEOLOGY Abelard , A.D. 1079-1142 Wrote Sic et Non ("Yes and No") Was excited about rationalistic considering (this is the style of Sic et Non ) Used persuasions to endeavor to clarify the puzzles of the confidence and inconsistencies found in the congregation fathers. Procedure is compressed in the motto, "I trust what I may get it." Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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SCHOLASTIC THEOLOGY Peter Lombard , A.D. 1095-1159 Lombard was a student of Abelard His Sentences turned into the most helpful and prevalent content on philosophy in the medieval times Taught 7 holy observances Based on Sic et Non Was persuasive in style God, Angels and Men, Christ, Church and Sacraments Much of medieval religious philosophy an insignificant critique on the Sentences Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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SCHOLASTIC THEOLOGY Thomas Aquinas , A.D. 1225-1274 Wrote Summa Theologiae , ("Compendium or Totality of Theology") Most essential philosophy content to originate from the Scholastic time frame. He utilized a Nature/Grace plot Grace supplements and finishes Nature Synthesized Aristotle and Scripture Begin with Reason Revelation supplements and finishes Reason Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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SCHOLASTIC THEOLOGY For Aquinas, the estimation of regular philosophy Its arrangement of an establishment of truth open to every single Other truth about God (i.e., his Tri-solidarity) are not accessible through normal religious philosophy These must be acknowledged on the power of the Church The Summa comprises of three sections God as he is in himself God as man's end (and the path back to God) Christ as man's approach to God Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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SCHOLASTIC THEOLOGY Trends in Scholasticism see Tillich, History of Christian Thought , 140 Dialectics (Yes and No; Nature and Grace; Reason and Revelation) Augustinianism and Aristotelianism For Augustinians-need of confidence For Aristotelians-need of reason Thomism and Scotism Thomists: judgment , superior normal for God Scotists: will , transcendent normal for God Nominalism and Realism Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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SCHOLASTIC THEOLOGY: Defects Methodologically: No unmistakable power representing how one does philosophy No principium theologiae , "first standard," How does that vary from today!? The Word of God was extraordinarily ignored Many couldn't read the scriptural dialects and worked just with the Latin Vulgate Instead, there were a few substitutes for the power of the Word Tradition Philosophy Mysticism Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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SCHOLASTIC THEOLOGY: Defects The aftereffects of Scholasticism might be depicted as equivocal Much talk about futile/unbeneficial addresses Much mental action and the advancement of expand frameworks with unlimited qualifications and contrasts Failure to recognize what was authentic examination and what was not Little familiarity with hugeness of contract Priority of Reason over Revelation Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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SCHOLASTIC THEOLOGY : Benefits Scholasticism is the "quick forerunner of the Reformation" William Cunningham, HT , 1:418 Provides the foundation for Reformation, particularly late medieval nominalism See H. Oberman, The Harvest of Medieval Theology Scholasticism gave much valuable religious vocabulary E.g., the term satisfactio , in connection to the compensation of Christ Intro to Systematic Theology 4

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Introduction to Systematic Theology