Prologue to Infection Control

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Unit 3 Infection Control Nurse Aide I Course DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Introduction to Infection Control Infection control is a standout amongst the most essential parts of ecological security. Nurture associates have the duty to comprehend and take after the office's disease control approaches and strategies. This unit presents medicinal asepsis, Standard Precautions and care of the occupant on Transmission-Based Precautions. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Infection Transmission DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Objective 3.0 Apply the essential standards of contamination control. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Microorganisms (Germs) Can just be seen by utilizing a magnifying instrument Surround us as a part of air on our skin and in our bodies in the sustenance that we eat on each surface we touch DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Microorganisms (Germs) (proceeded) May bring about ailment contamination infection Benefit us by keeping up an adjust in our surroundings and in our body DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Microorganisms (Germs) (proceeded with) Require certain components to survive: oxygen – vigorous no oxygen – anaerobic warm temperatures dampness dim zone to develop DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Microorganisms (Germs) (proceeded with) Require certain components to survive (proceeded with): nourishment dead tissue – saprophytes living tissue – parasites DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Body Defenses Against Microorganisms/Germs External regular safeguards skin as mechanical boundary mucous layer cilia – fine minuscule hairs in nose hacking and wheezing hydrochloric corrosive in stomach tears DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Body Defenses Against Microorganisms/Germs (proceeded with ) Internal characteristic resistances phagocytes aggravation fever insusceptible reaction DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Objectives 3.1 Identify how maladies are transmitted. 3.1.1 List the six parts in the chain of contamination. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Chain of Infection Causative Agent – Pathogen Bacteria Viruses Fungi Protozoa DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Chain of Infection Reservoir of the Causative Agent Human with dynamic instances of ailment or those that convey illness without having side effects Animals/creepy crawlies Fomites Environment DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Chain of Infection Portals of Entry of Causative Agent Cuts/soften up skin Openings in the mucous layers Respiratory framework Gastrointestinal framework Urinary framework Reproductive framework Mother to embryo DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Chain of Infection Portals of Exit of Causative Agent Tears (slight hazard) Saliva/respiratory tract secretions Urine Feces Wound waste Reproductive tract emissions DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Chain of Infection Mode of Transmission Contact coordinate – individual to individual backhanded – fomite to individual bead – basic frosty Common vehicle salmonella in sustenance DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Chain of Infection Mode of Transmission (proceeded with) Airborne tuberculosis Vectorborne mosquito harbors intestinal sickness parasite DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Chain of Infection Host The host is the person who harbors the irresistible creatures DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Medical Asepsis DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Objectives 3.2 Define therapeutic asepsis. 3.2.1 Identify practices the attendant helper can use to advance medicinal asepsis in individual life and in work setting. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Medical Asepsis Definition: The practice used to evacuate or decimate pathogens and to keep their spread starting with one individual or place then onto the next individual or place; clean system DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Practices To Promote Medical Asepsis In Personal Life And Work Setting Washing hands after utilization of lavatory Washing hands preceding taking care of nourishment Washing foods grown from the ground before serving or devouring DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Practices To Promote Medical Asepsis In Personal Life And Work Setting (kept) Covering nose and mouth before hacking, sniffling or cleaning out nose and afterward washing hands DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Practices To Promote Medical Asepsis In Personal Life And Work Setting (kept) Bathing, washing hair and brushing teeth all the time Washing cooking and eating utensils with cleanser and water after every utilization DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Practices To Promote Medical Asepsis In Personal Life And Work Setting (kept) Following sanitation rehearses Proper transfer of refuse Proper transfer of waste materials DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Practices To Promote Medical Asepsis In Personal Life And Work Setting (kept) Washing hands prior and then afterward tending to every occupant Using endorsed waterless hand cleaner Washing inhabitant's hands before dinners DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Practices To Promote Medical Asepsis In Personal Life And Work Setting (kept) Cleaning occupant's unit Cleaning all reusable hardware after utilize DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Objectives 3.2.2 Discuss the techniques used to kill or control microorganisms. 3.2.3 Observe fundamental cleaning, purifying and disinfecting errands. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Methods To Kill Or Control Microorganisms bubble little things in water for 15 minutes utilize compound disinfectants for cleaning supplies and gear Disinfection (kills most microorganisms yet not spores) DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Methods To Kill Or Control Microorganisms (proceeded with) Sterilization kills all microorganisms, including spores autoclave – steam under weight different techniques DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Methods To Kill Or Control Microorganisms (proceeded with) Care of provisions and hardware Central supply Disposable hardware utilized once and disposed of as a part of legitimate way DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Methods To Kill Or Control Microorganisms (proceeded with) Care of provisions and hardware Cleaning non-expendable hardware Rinse in frosty water to expel natural material Wash with cleanser and high temp water Scrub with a brush if essential Rinse and dry gear Sterilize or purify gear DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Objective 3.2.4 Discuss other aseptic measures to keep the spread of contamination. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Methods To Kill Or Control Microorganisms (proceeded with) Other aseptic measures Hold gear and supplies far from uniform Avoid shaking material Damp tidy furniture Clean from cleanest zone to the most grimy range DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Direct cleaning far from your body and uniform Pour sullied fluids into sinks or toilets; don't sprinkle Other aseptic measures (proceeded with) Methods To Kill Or Control Microorganisms (proceeded) DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Methods To Kill Or Control Microorganisms (proceeded) Do not sit on inhabitant's bed Do not transport hardware starting with one occupant's room then onto the next without cleaning Other aseptic measures (proceeded) DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Bloodborne Pathogens DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Objective 3.3 Describe HIV and HBV as two cases of blood borne infections. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Persons tainted with HIV may convey infection without creating side effects for quite a long while HIV contaminated people will inevitably create AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (proceeded with) Persons contaminated with HIV may create AIDS-related sicknesses including neurological issues, growth, and other artful contaminations Persons tainted with HIV may endure influenza like side effects, fever, loose bowels, weight reduction and weariness DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Brain of people contaminated with HIV might be influenced, bringing on perplexity, memory misfortune, wretchedness or engine brokenness Although medications may postpone indications, there is no known cure for AIDS Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (proceeded) DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) About 33% of people tainted don't demonstrate manifestations Another 33% have gentle influenza like side effects which leave The last 33% experience stomach agony, queasiness and weakness; skin and eyes embittered and pee dull DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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HBV preventable with utilization of HBV antibody Six to 10% of HBV contaminated people get to be perpetual bearers (could conceivably have dynamic contamination, few or no side effects, however can transmit illness) Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) (proceeded) DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Objective 3.3.1 Describe the methods of transmission of HIV and HBV. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Bloodborne Pathogens Modes of Transmission Sexual contact Sharing debased needles Receiving blood transfusions Pregnant mother to unborn infant Nursing mother to infant through bosom drain (for HIV, not HBV) DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Bloodborne Pathogens Modes of Transmission (proceeded with) Puncture wounds from sharps Mucous layer Contact of irresistible substances (pee, defecation, spit) with non-in place skin Contaminated surfaces (for HBV, not HIV) DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Objective 3.3.2 Identify the basic components in the Exposure Control Plan. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3

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Exposure Control Plan Bloodborne Pathogens Exposure Control Plan Copy must be accessible at work environment Mandated by OSHA Identifies representatives at danger of introduction by assignments performed DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 3 .:tslidesep.

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