Prologue to Complex Systems: How to think like nature

Introduction to complex systems how to think like nature
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Inventive situations. Net-centricity and the GIGInspired by the web and the internetGoal: to bring the imagination of the web and the web to the DoD. What do creative situations have in common?How can associations get to be imaginative?. Other imaginative environmentsMarket economiesBiological evolutionThe exploratory and innovative examination process.

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Prologue to Complex Systems: How to think like nature Innovation: summed up development and ecologically based asset allotment. Russ Abbott Sr. Engr. Spec. 310-336-1398 Russ.Abbott@Aero.org 1998-2007. The Aerospace Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

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Innovative conditions Net-centricity and the GIG Inspired by the web and the web Goal: to bring the inventiveness of the web and the web to the DoD Other imaginative situations Market economies Biological development The logical and mechanical research prepare What do creative situations have in like manner? By what method can associations get to be distinctly creative?

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The creative procedure: exploratory conduct If I were to give a honor for the absolute best thought anybody has ever had, I'd offer it to Darwin, in front of Newton and Einstein and every other person. In a solitary stroke, the possibility of development by characteristic determination binds together the domain of life, which means, and reason with the domain of space and time, circumstances and end results, instrument and physical law. Advancement, including human imagination, is dependably the consequence of a developmental procedure. Daniel Dennett, Darwin's Dangerous Idea Generate new variations (e.g., thoughts)— commonly by consolidating and altering existing ones. This is an irregular procedure in nature. Be that as it may, arbitrary or not isn't the point. The fact of the matter is to create heaps of conceivable outcomes, to investigate the scene. (Select and) abuse the great ones Allow/empower the great ones to flourish. The simple part! The critical step!

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Exploratory conduct in nature Evolution. E. Coli route. The insusceptible framework. Termite settle building. Insect and honey bee scrounging. Working out the circulatory and sensory systems.

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Mental exploratory conduct in non-human creatures Not long prior I watched [a dim squirrel] looking at the [bird] feeder ... It concentrated the circumstance long and hard from one side of the deck, then from the other. It moved up on the railing to concentrate the circumstance from that point, first from one side, then from the opposite side, and after that from underneath. It peered toward the screen on the entryway that goes out to the deck. At long last it made an attempt. Beginning from a keep running along the railing, it jumped and ricocheted off the screen toward the feeder however missed. At the end of the day it reviewed the circumstance from different edges, lastly prevailing by hitting the screen somewhat higher up, then holding tight [to the feeder]. I hadn't the heart to shoo it away! What was happening in that squirrel's head as it sat up on its hindquarters, contemplating and considering from this edge and that? What was happening, I think, was a kind of experimentation in observation. It was attempting to see a path up, attempting to see an affordance. Essentially … before intersection a stream on scattered rocks, it might take you a while to see a decent approach to cross without wetting your feet. … This type of judiciousness is by all accounts normal to people and, I envision, numerous different creatures also. Ruth Garrett Millikan "Styles of Rationality" http://www.ucc.uconn.edu/%7Ewwwphil/ratam.pdf

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Exploratory conduct in people and society As procedures completed by people Individual mental experimentation investigation. Demonstrating and reproduction. As procedures did by gatherings Market economies. (A speeded up type of development.) The logical and mechanical research handle. These give us huge use and accelerate over conventional development. It's ideal to give one's theories a chance to bite the dust in one's stead . — K arl Popper, source unverifiable. M. Nudds and S. Hurley eds. (2006) Rationality in Animals , (Oxford: Oxford University Press); Introduction: http://www.cogs.indiana.edu/spackled/2006-Kacelnik%20Rationality.pdf .

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Exploratory conduct: gatherings and people Exploratory conduct normally requires independent people to do the investigation. Much exploratory conduct is squandered exertion. Effective gathering exploratory conduct commonly requires various, approximately organized, i.e., self-sufficient, people. One may cash in big while the others penetrate dry openings. For a gathering to profit by the revelations of people, there must be components that take those disclosures back to the gathering and permit them to flourish. Systems to disguise fruitful/promising revelations must be incorporated with a gathering's procedure. This often requires "inventive obliteration," which might be more hard to acknowledge—particularly if it's your occupation that is being annihilated. Markets are the way we coordinate imaginative pulverization into society. Review subterranean insect scrounging and pheromone taking after. It's stunning how well we have subdued obliteration. It is currently an acknowledged some portion of our typical procedures. Joseph Schumpeter, Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy

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How does this apply to associations? Creation and trial Encourage the productive era and trial of new thoughts. Build up the fruitful variations Allow new thoughts to thrive or shrink in light of how well they do — instead of political reasons. To guarantee development: Sounds straightforward isn't that right?

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Innovation in different situations Getting smart thoughts set up New thoughts aren't the issue. Giving them a shot We spare ourselves by turn doctoring and generous disregard

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Exploratory conduct: unbalanced fighting It is the way of complex frameworks and transformative procedures that contentions get to be asymmetric.  No matter how all around shielded one is … there will dependably be chinks in the defensive layer, … and something will unavoidably discover those chinks. The something that finds those chinks will by definition be hilter kilter since it assaults the chinks and not the defensive layer.

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Exploratory conduct: like dilute finding a way slope Microbes endeavoring to get into your body should first move beyond your skin and mucous layers, which represent a physical boundary as well as are rich in forager cells and IgA antibodies. Next, they should escape a progression of nonspecific protections—and substances that assault all trespassers paying little respect to the epitopes they convey. These incorporate watching phagocytes, granulocytes, NK cells, and supplement. Irresistible specialists that move beyond these nonspecific hindrances should at long last go up against particular weapons custom-made only for them. These incorporate both antibodies and cytotoxic T cells. From an instructional exercise on the insusceptible framework from the National Cancer Institute . A significant test! We are extremely very much protected. However, regardless we become ill! A few "intruders" will make it past these resistances. The issue is not even that some get past, it's that they abuse their prosperity. How would they locate the open pathways? It's not "trespassers" versus "protectors." Through (developmental) exploratory conduct , if there is a way, some will unavoidably discover it. Advancement is the (troublesome) intruder not the safeguard. Imaginative associations make that certainty work to support them.

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Exploratory conduct: review developmental procedures How can the human genome, with less than 25,000 qualities fill in every one of the subtle elements of the circulatory and sensory systems? deliver a mind with trillions of cells and synaptic associations? Cell development took after by species-particular cease to exist produces webbing in duck feet and bat wings however not in human fingers. Military technique of "testing for shortcoming." Ant and honey bee searching: gathering is a perceptual organ for people. Logical research. Corporate methodology of looking for (or making) promoting specialties. The general component is: Prolifically produce an extensive variety of potential outcomes Establish associations with new wellsprings of significant worth in nature . Instrument era Function investigate Purpose utilize result Bottom up

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"Carports and research facilities, workbenches, and wrote napkins are loaded with splendid thoughts unmatched with assurance, assets, and market sensibilities." Jack Russo, Silicon Valley protected innovation legal counselor. In 1999, when Nathan Myhrvold left Microsoft (some time ago CTO; splendid, yet he missed the significance of the web) he set himself an uncommon objective. He needed to see whether the sort of understanding that prompts to innovation could be designed. He framed an organization called Intellectual Ventures . He raised countless dollars. He enlisted the most intelligent individuals he knew. It was not an investment firm. Investors finance experiences. They let the mysterious procedure that produces new thoughts follow all the way through, and after that they hop in. Myhrvold needed to make bits of knowledge—to concoct thoughts, patent them, and after that permit them to intrigued organizations. Malcolm Gladwell (May 12, 2008) "In the Air," The New Yorker , http://www.newyorker.com/detailing/2008/05/12/080512fa_fact_gladwell Matt Richtel (March 30, 2008) "Edison ...Wasn't He the Guy Who Invented Everything?," New York Times , http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/30/weekinreview/30richtel.html

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Planned development? At the point when Myhrvold began, his desires were unobtrusive. In spite of the fact that he needed bits of knowledge like Alexander Graham Bell's, Bell was obviously one in a million, a virtuoso who went ahead to have thoughts in an exceptional number of zones—sound recording, flight, lasers, tetrahedral development, and hydrofoil water crafts, to give some examples. Innovation has its own calculation—some mix of virtuoso, fixation, good fortune, and epiphany. How might you get ready for that? The first desire was that I.V. would document a hundred licenses a year. It's recording five hundred a year and has an excess of three thousand thoughts . It simply authorized off a group of licenses for $80,000,000. Its thoughts are not trifling. Enhanced stream motors New systems for making microchips An approach to custom-tailor the work "sleeve" used to repair aneurysms Automatic, battery-controlled glasses, with a small camcorder that peruses the picture off the retina and changes the liquid filled focal points appropriately, up to ten times each second. Malcolm Gladwell (May 12, 2008) "In the Air," The New Y

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