Pragmatic Applications for Managing Biological Risks

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´╗┐Useful Applications for Managing Biological Risks Zoonotic Disease Control for Beef Producers

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Biological Risk Management (BRM) Overall procedure of mindfulness instruction, assessment, and administration Designed to enhance contamination/sickness control Foreign and local maladies Provide apparatuses to minimize chance Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Biological Risk Management (BRM) Disease hazard can't be completely dispensed with Animal, its surroundings Decrease presentation Infectious operator connections Minimize danger to creatures and people No one-estimate fits-all answer Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Routes of Transmission Zoonotic spread of illness specialists Animal human Different methods of transmission Aerosol Direct contact Fomite Oral Vector-borne Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Anthrax Brucellosis Cryptosporidiosis Dermatophilosis E. coli Giardia Leptospirosis Listeriosis Pseudocowpox Q Fever Ringworm Salmonella Tuberculosis Vesicular stomatitis Zoonotic Diseases of Cattle Present in the U.S. Community for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Mad dairy animals malady Melioidosis Rift Valley Fever Zoonotic Diseases of Cattle Foreign Animal Diseases Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Routes of Transmission Apply to every single irresistible operator People must be presented to create sickness Understand distinctive courses of transmission = Gain control Risk regions must be distinguished Design conventions to minimize presentation Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Human-Animal Interaction

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Human-Animal Interaction Livestock makers work with creatures day by day Most have insusceptibility to a few ailments NOT remote creature ailments Employees without past domesticated animals introduction more at hazard May not have invulnerability Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Risk Factors Changing wellbeing status, expanding age Farmers more defenseless against zoonoses Immunocompromised populace additionally at hazard Young and old Chemotherapy Diabetes Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Poor creature wellbeing Poor creature sanitation Poor individual cleanliness Intensive domesticated animals generation Increased presentation Risk Factors Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Animals may not hint at evident ailment Awareness of all courses of transmission is key Develop technique to minimize illness chance for you and your representatives Zoonotic Disease Transmission Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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General Prevention Steps Overview Animal wellbeing Awareness instruction Personal cleanliness Personal defensive hardware Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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General Prevention Steps Animal wellbeing Control ailments in the crowd Makes monetary sense If the ailment is not present, individuals can't be uncovered Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Awareness training Work with group veterinarian, domesticated animals expansion pros Educate any individual who works with creatures about zoonotic ailment dangers English and Spanish General Prevention Steps Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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General Prevention Steps Personal cleanliness Wash hands in the wake of taking care of creatures Removes the irresistible specialist Personal defensive gear Gloves, coveralls, boots Mask, goggles Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Aerosol Control Zoonotic Transmission

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Infected beads went through the air from a creature to a man Sneeze/hack Birthing tissues Fecal material Urine Contaminated soil Aerosol Transmission Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Anthrax Listeriosis Melioidosis* Q Fever Rift Valley Fever* Tuberculosis Aerosol Transmission * Denotes Foreign Animal Disease Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Basic avoidance steps include: Controlling dust Wearing covers in specific circumstances Aerosol Transmission Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Aerosol Prevention Practices Control tidy in dry parcels Contaminated soil can be a wellspring of zoonotic ailment Use water in constrained sums Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Aerosol Prevention Practices Wear a N-95 veil when: Handling irresistible creatures or their tissues Assisting with calving Power washing Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Aerosol Transmission Summary Aerosol transmission could happen on your farm Anthrax, listeriosis, Q Fever, tuberculosis Foreign creature ailments can likewise be spread by means of airborne Melioidosis Prevention ventures as portrayed here can minimize your hazard Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Direct Contact and Fomite Control Zoonotic Transmission

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Direct Contact Transmission Pathogen in creature (blood, salivation, body liquids) or environment Contact with open injuries, mucous films, skin Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Fomite Transmission Contaminated lifeless question Carries pathogens Brushes, needles, garments, bedding Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Anthrax Brucellosis Dermatophilosis F Leptospirosis Melioidosis* Pseudocowpox F Q Fever Rabies Ringworm F Rift Valley Fever* Salmonella Tuberculosis Vesicular stomatitis Direct Contact or Fomite Transmission * Denotes Foreign Animal Disease F Denotes fomite transmission Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Direct Contact, Fomite Prevention Practices Basic anticipation steps include: Maintaining great individual cleanliness Wearing individual defensive hardware (PPE) Keeping gear clean Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Direct Contact, Fomite Prevention Practices Personal cleanliness Provide hand washing offices Warm running water, cleanser, clean towels Located by creature contact territories Post signs reminding individuals to wash hands subsequent to taking care of creatures Check cleanser and towels week by week Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Direct Contact, Fomite Prevention Practices PPE-Gloves Wear latex/nitrile gloves when working with creatures Sick or obscure wellbeing status, make a hindrance amongst you and the ailment Especially critical for hands with cuts, scraped areas, dried out Wash hands in the wake of expelling gloves Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Direct Contact, Fomite Prevention Practices PPE-Coveralls Require clean coveralls in creature zones Restrict work/cultivate dress from being worn outside of your operation Prevent ailment specialists from "leaving" Provide clothing offices on ranch Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Direct Contact, Fomite Prevention Practices PPE-Boots Require clean boots in creature zones Provide a boot shower or trashcan at the passage/exit for simplicity of cleaning/arranging Wash hands in the wake of evacuating boots Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Direct Contact, Fomite Prevention Practices Keep gear clean Wash and purify prepping gear if utilized on creatures with skin sores Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Direct Contact, Fomite Prevention Practices Some zoonotic ailments spread at calving Wear water-safe external article of clothing, coveralls Wear rectal sleeves, gloves Immediately evacuate and discard all birthing tissues (placenta, fetal layers) Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Direct Contact, Fomite Prevention Practices Remove ruined sheet material Thoroughly spotless and wash zone Clean hardware and individual defensive rigging Disinfect birthing territory and gear Wash hands in the wake of expelling outerwear, gloves Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Direct Contact, Fomite Transmission Summary Direct contact, fomite transmission could happen on your farm Brucellosis, leptospirosis, ringworm Foreign creature ailments could likewise be spread by means of direct contact Melioidosis, Rift Valley Fever Prevention ventures as depicted here can minimize your hazard Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Oral and Fomite Control Zoonotic Transmission

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Ingesting sullied sustenance, water Feces, pee, unpasteurized drain, undercooked meats Eating or drinking after creature contact without washing hands Oral, Fomite Transmission Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University 2005

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Anthrax Brucellosis Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)* Cryptosporidiosis E. coli F Gia

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