PORT STATE CONTROL OF SHIPS An Overview

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PORT STATE CONTROL OF SHIPS An Overview By : Ajoy Chatterjee Principal Officer Mercantile Marine Department Mumbai

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OVERVIEW STRUCTURE

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MERCANTILE MARINE DEPARTMENT MUMBAI

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FUNCTIONS OF MMD, MUMBAI # SURVEYS/CERTIFICATIONS SAFETY EQUIPMENT, SAFETY RADIO, LOAD LINE, IOPP, ETC. SAFCON, SEQ, SRT, SAFMAN CERT. & PLAN APPROVALS .

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FUNCTIONS OF MMD, MUMBAI INTERNATIONAL OBLIGATION FLAG STATE INSPECTION - PORT STATE CONTROL

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TRAINING FACILITIES IN INDIA DIRECTOR GENERAL OF SHIPPING OTHERS TRAINING INSTITUTIONS MMD'S POST SEA PRE SEA MUMBAI CALCUTTA DELHI CHENNAI MUMBAI DELHI CALCUTTA GOA VIZAG COHIN

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EXAMINATION Centers WITHIN THE COUNTRY DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF SHIPPING ( MINISTRY OF SURFACE TRANSPORT ) OTHERS TRAINING INSTITUTION MMD ( EXAMINATION CENTERS ) MMD MMD MMD MUMBAI CHENNAI CALCUTTA

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PORT STATE CONTROL Need For Control 1. To supplement Flag state usage 2. Vessels don't call at Flag state routinely 3. Hard to designate monitors or perceived associations at remote port

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4. Breakdown of hardware in the middle of studies may happen. 5. Avert operation of sub-standard boats while dodging rivalry between ports 6. Contribute towards : an) expanded level of wellbeing (SOLAS) b) security of marine environment c) enhanced living conditions

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PORT STATE INSPECTION FLOW DIAGRAM

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PORT STATE INSPECTION FLOW DIAGRAM

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WHAT IS A SUBSTANDARD SHIP  'S ubstandard' is characterized in IMO Resolution A.787(19) as being " significantly underneath the norms required' however is deciphered to generally shifting degrees starting with one association then onto the next.

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 They additionally realize that substandard boats don't simply happen ! It is a business choice by somebody some place

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PORT STATE CONTROL Examples of More Detailed Inspections  General investigations of the condition of motor room & nearness of hints of oil in bilges.  Ship's normal of arranging oil-debased water from motor room spaces.  Closer examination of ship's hardware  Check for any unapproved changes made to gear & framework.

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PORT STATE CONTROL Invalid authentications or ship/gear don't compare to endorsements  Under the arrangements of the Conventions port State may : * Detain a ship until insufficiencies have been corrected * A vessel is confined when an inadequacy is discovered which must be redressed before it sails. * Permit a ship to cruise with inadequacies subject to conditions

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PORT STATE CONTROL Avoid unduly confining or deferring ships  If gear/framework can be demonstrated installed and useful.  If elective hardware can be utilized.  If insufficiencies does not influence wellbeing nor made damage environment.  If the ship can be permitted to sail to the following closest port for correcting insufficiencies.

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Key Questions on I.S.M (Vis-a-vis PSC) 1. N.C. reports of most recent one year & C A taken. 2. Records of Internal reviews carried out. 3. Report of Master's audit & action taken by DP/Company.

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Involvement of grouping society as an aftereffect of recognizable proof of ISM-Code-related inadequacy amid PSC Inspections. Case reference : Name of ship : FAL XVIII Type of Ship : Oil Tanker IMO No. : 6402705 Flag of the Ship : U.A.E. Name of ISM Auditors : Bureau Veritas The earnestness of the lacks noted amid PSC Inspection required a check review by the Class Concerned

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Major N.Cs – 3 nos . On ISM Code references : (1) 10.2 : Maintenance; (2) 6.5 : Training; & (3) 6.0 : Resource & Personnel N.Cs – 5 nos . On ISM Code references : (1) 12.1 : Company Verification; (2) 10.2 : Maintenance; (3) 12.0 : Company Verification & survey; (4) 7.0 : Shipboard Operation & (5) 10.3 : Maintenance of basic gear.

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SUMMARY OF PORT STATE CONTROL INSPECTION OF VESSELS FROM JULY 1999 TO June 2000 BY PSCOs OF MERCANTILE MARINE DEPARTMENT, MUMBAI.

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 Unnecessary investigation of "good ships" are dodged, in this way the team are not unduly bothered and can do their normal work, and are likewise ready to appreciate rest and diversion while the ship is in port.

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 A PSCO's valuable time and exertion is not superfluously squandered.  Well looked after boats, will move confidence of planned customers.  "Sub-standard" boats and their operators will be compelled to take immediate remedial measures to remain in business.

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The PSC administration of Mercantile Marine Department, Mumbai, has accomplished this target to a substantial degree, as can be seen from the accompanying table which shows the aftereffects of the most recent 12 months with a general normal detainment rate of 78.5%. We have possessed the capacity to accomplish this by always upgrading the aptitudes of our PSCOs by consistent exhortation and guidelines and "associate survey" of their investigation reports.

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Number of boats reviewed/confined

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Number of Ships Inspected & Detained

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Type of Ships Inspected

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Annual Inspection by Ship Type 14% 5% 44% 21% 6% 10%

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Types of Ships kept

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Annual confinement by ship sort 17% 42% 5% 17% 8% 11%

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Number of Ships kept according to Flag

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Percentage of boats confined according to hail 14% 7% 55% 9% 12% 3%

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Name of reporting Authority 2. Reporting Period 3. Add up to number of Inspections Total number of ship with insufficiencies Total number of lacks (Note 1) : Principal Officer, Mercantile Marine Department, Mumbai INDIA. : May, 2000 : 15 : 15 : 198 REPORT ON PORT STATE CONTROL INSPECTION For the month of May 2000

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6 . Add up to number of confinements 7. Inadequacies as indicated by the Flag 8. Insufficiencies as indicated by the kind of boats 9. Insufficiencies as indicated by order Societies (note : 2) Deficiencies as per the nature : 12 : according to Format – I, encased : according to Format – II, encased. : according to Format – III, encased. : according to Format – IV, encased.

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Notes : Deficiencies are tallied in the way that lacks under a similar sub-thing are checked independently, e.g.3 insufficiencies under code number 0711 and 2 inadequacies under code number 0740 are considered 5 insufficiencies under the fundamental thing 0700. The table records the social orders with which the boats are classed. The deformities for which a ship is kept are not generally connected with things, which are under overview by a characterization society.

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Ship Certificates 0100 3. Settlement 0300 5. Working Spaces 0500 7. Putting out fires Appliances 0700 9. Wellbeing in General 0900 11. Load 1100 13. Mooring Arrangements 1300 15. Route 1500 17. Marpol Annex I 1700 Marpol Annex II 1900 21. Marpol Operational Defects 2100 23. Different Deficiencies 9000 2. Group 0200 4. Sustenance and Catering 0400 6. Life Saving Appliances 0600 8. Mischance Prevention 0800 10. Caution Signals 1000 12. Stack Lines 1200 14. Drive & Auxiliary Machinery 1400 16. Radio 1600 18. Tankers 1800 20. Solas Operational Defects 2000 22. Marine Pollution Annex III 2200 Summary of principle things of insufficiency code are as hereunder :-

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FORMAT – I 7. Report of Port State Control Inspection for the month of May, 2000 DEFICIENCIES AS PER FLAG

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FORMAT – II 8. Report of Port State Control Inspection for the month of May, 2000 DEFICIENCIES AS PER TYPE OF SHIP

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FORMAT – III 9. Report of Port State Control Inspection for the month of May, 2000 DEFICIENCIES AS PER CLASSIFICATION SOCIETY

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FORMAT – IV 10. Report of Port State Control Inspection for the month of May, 2000 NATURE OF DEFICIENCIES

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PORT STATE CONTROL A VIEW POINT Regulatory Bodies IMO Global Reactive and moderate Class (IACS) Global Reactive and Pro-dynamic EU Regional Reactive, yet brisk Flag States National Reactive/Pro-dynamic Port States National/Reactive Regional Trend in enactment : "National" driving "Local" driving "Worldwide"

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Port State Regime Targeting of high hazard ships. Obligatory review at regular intervals of certain ship sorts. More than 2 confinements in 1 year may prompt to get to refusal. Data to Flag and Class compulsory Information and Transparency S hip/proprietor/freight reporting earlier landing. Past study by PSC/Class reported Corrective activities follow-up by PSC and CS

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Flag State Regime Reliance upon perceived associations. Nonstop change of class execution Suspension if resistant or non-impro

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