Part 19 World War I and Its Aftermath

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Building Up the Military. As the U.S. entered the war; it was important to enroll more soldiers.Many progressives thought induction, or constrained military administration, abused both law based and republican standards. Another arrangement of induction, called particular administration, brought about around 2.8 million Americans being drafted..

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Part 19 World War I and Its Aftermath Section 2 The Home Front

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Building Up the Military As the U.S. entered the war; it was important to enroll more troopers. Numerous progressives thought induction , or constrained military administration, disregarded both popularity based and republican standards. Another arrangement of induction, called specific administration , brought about around 2.8 million Americans being drafted.

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African Americans in War African American warriors confronted separation and partiality inside the armed force, where they served in racially isolated units under the control of white officers. Many won acclaim from their authorities and won awards.

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Women in the Military WWI was the main war in which ladies authoritatively served. Naval force enrolled 11,000 ladies. The armed force, declining to enroll ladies, procured them as transitory workers to fill administrative positions. Armed force medical caretakers were the main ladies in the military to go abroad amid the war.

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Organizing Industry President Wilson and Congress concurred that the gov't ought not control the economy. They needed to build up a helpful relationship between enormous business and gov't to guarantee effective utilization of assets amid the activation of the American economy for war.

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The War Industries Board 1917 – the WIB was made to arrange the generation of war materials. 1918 – the WIB was rearranged and Bernard Baruch, an affluent Wall Street stockbroker, was named to run it. Controlled the stream of crude materials, requested development of new industrial facilities, and, with the president's endorsement, set costs.

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Food and Fuel The Food Administration, under Herbert Hoover, was in charge of expanding sustenance creation while lessening utilization. Hoover requested that individuals plant triumph greenery enclosures to bring their own vegetables up with a specific end goal to leave more nourishment for the troops.

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Food and Fuel The Fuel Administration urged individuals to preserve coal and oil. Sunshine investment funds time was acquainted with moderate industry.

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Paying for the War *Don't Write* By the finish of the war the U.S. was spending about $44 million a day – prompting to an aggregate consumption of about $32 billion. Assesses alone couldn't cover the uses.

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Paying for the War To raise cash, the gov't started offering Liberty Bonds and Victory Bonds. By purchasing securities, Americans were crediting cash that would be reimbursed with enthusiasm for a predefined number of years.

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Mobilizing the Workforce To avoid strikes, the National War Labor Board (NWLB) was set up in 1918. In return for wage expands, 8 hour workday, and the privilege to sort out unions and deal by and large, the work pioneers concurred not to upset war generation with a strike.

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Women Support Industry The war expanded the requirement for ladies in the workforce. They took production line and assembling employments and positions in the delivery and RR ventures. After the war, ladies came back to their past occupations or left the workforce.

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The Great Migration Begins The war ceased the stream of workers to the U.S., which permitted African Americans wartime employments. B/w 300,000 & 500,000 AA left the South to settle in the North.

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Mexican Americans Head North Many Mexicans moved north, giving work to agriculturists and farmers in the American SW. Mexicans additionally took wartime production line employments. Confronted separation and antagonistic vibe from all Americans.

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"Offering the War" The Committee on Public Information (CPI), was another gov't organization that endeavored to "offer" war to the American individuals. Leaflets and discourses conveyed energetic messages.

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Civil Liberties Curtailed Espionage, or spying to obtain mystery gov't data, was tended to in the Espionage Act of 1917. It set up outcomes for individuals who supported the foe. The Sedition Act of 1918 went above and beyond by making it illicit to reprimand the president or gov't.

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Climate of Suspicion of unfaithfulness prompted to the abuse of German-Americans. Feeling prompted to viciousness. Anybody seeming unfaithful went under assault.

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Supreme Court Limits Free Speech Schenck v. the U.S. (1919), the Supreme Court ruled restricting an individual's right to speak freely if the words talked constituted an "obvious risk." Example: "FIRE!"

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End of Section 2 Next: Section 4 The War's Impact