Part 18

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Part 18 Poisoning

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Types of Poisons Ingested (gulped) Through the mouth (inhaled) Through the lungs Absorbed (contact) Through the skin Injected Through needlelike gadget

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Ingested (Swallowed) Poisons Occurs when casualty swallows dangerous substance Most poisonings happen by ingestion. Normal among kids Some substances can piece aviation route. Analgesics are most normal harming. Most exposures to plants are minor.

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Recognizing Ingested Poisons Abdominal torment, cramping Nausea or retching Diarrhea Burns, stains, smell close or in mouth Drowsiness or lethargy Poison holders close-by

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Care for Ingested Poisons (1 of 3) Determine Age and size of casualty What and how much toxic substance ingested When it was taken If destructive or scathing, have casualty taste frosty water or drain. Responsive casualty, call Poison Control Center at 800-222-1222 Can prompt if restorative care is required

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Unresponsive casualty, call 9-1-1 Place casualty in recuperation position. Try not to prompt heaving. Give enacted charcoal if exhorted. Administer to Ingested Poisons (2 of 3)

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Care for Ingested Poisons (3 of 3) Activated charcoal Black powder that ties to harm Does not retain all medications well Save compartments, plants, and regurgitation

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Alcohol Intoxication Alcohol is a depressant. Most normally manhandled medicate in US. Frequently embroiled as cofactor in different sorts of mishaps Can bring about bellicose, confrontational conduct Can be life-undermining Take condition truly

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Recognizing Alcohol Intoxication Odor of liquor Unsteadiness, stunning Confusion Slurred discourse Nausea and regurgitating Flushed face Seizures can likewise come about.

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Care for Alcohol Intoxication Look for wounds. Screen relaxing. Recuperation position Call harm control focus at 800-222-1222. In the event that casualty gets to be fierce, leave scene and anticipate police. Give passionate support. On the off chance that casualty is lethargic, anticipate EMS. Move individual to a warm place.

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Drug Emergencies Drug characterizations: Uppers (stimulants) — amphetamines, cocaine, caffeine Downers (narcotic trancelike)— barbiturates, sedatives, weed, opiates Hallucinogens—LSD, mescaline, peyote, PCP Volatile chemicals—stick, bond, paint dissolvable, gas, splash paint, nail clean remover

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Sympathomimetics Stimulants ("uppers") Produce energy Amphetamines, methamphetamines Taken by mouth or infused Cocaine Crack

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Recognizing Sympathomimetic Use Disorganized conduct Hyperactivity Restlessness Anxiety or awesome dread Paranoia Delusions

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Care for Sympathomimetic Users Check relaxing. Call harm focus or 9-1-1. Check for wounds. Put in recuperation position. Give consolation, enthusiastic support If rough, look for wellbeing until police arrive. Look for restorative care.

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Hallucinogens Produce changes in state of mind, tangible mindfulness Hear hues, see sounds Cause mental trips, unusual conduct Protect client from harming self

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Recognizing Hallucinogen Use Visual fantasies Intensity of vision and hearing

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Care for Hallucinogen Use Check relaxing. Call harm focus or 9-1-1. Check for wounds. Put in recuperation position. Give consolation, enthusiastic support If vicious, look for wellbeing until police arrive. Look for therapeutic care.

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Marijuana Flowering hemp plant Estimated 20 million individuals utilize weed day by day in US

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Recognizing Marijuana Overdose Euphoria, unwinding, sleepiness Short-term memory misfortune Impaired limit with respect to complex thinking and work Depression, perplexity Altered view of time Anxiety, freeze Hallucinations

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Care for Marijuana Overdose Check relaxing. Call harm focus or 9-1-1. Check for wounds. Put in the recuperation position. Give consolation, passionate support If rough, look for security until police arrive. Look for medicinal care.

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Depressants Often endorsed as a feature of honest to goodness drug People may request remedies from a few doctors. Incorporates: (opiates) Sedative hypnotics (barbiturates and sedatives)

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Recognizing Sedative-Hypnotic Drug Use Drowsiness, sluggishness Slurred discourse Slow breathing rate

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Opiates Pain relievers named for opium Heroin, codeine, morphine Frequently manhandled Addicts may begin with proper remedy

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Recognizing Opiate Overdose Reduced breathing rate Pinpoint students Sedated condition, lethargy

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Care for Depressant Overdose Check relaxing. Call harm focus or 9-1-1. Check for wounds. Put recuperation position. Give consolation, enthusiastic support If rough, look for security until police arrive. Look for medicinal care.

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Abused Inhalants Glue, fuel, lighter liquid, nail clean Similar impacts to liquor Can kick the bucket of suffocation Can change heart mood Can bring about lasting mind harm

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Recognizing Abused Inhalant Mild laziness, lethargy Slurred discourse, awkwardness Seizures Slow breathing rate Smell of solvents

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Care for Abused Inhalant Check relaxing. Call harm focus or 9-1-1. Check for wounds. Put in recuperation position. Give consolation, enthusiastic support If savage, look for wellbeing until police arrive. Look for medicinal care.

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Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Leading reason for harming passing in US every year Invisible, boring, unscented, dull, nonirritating gas Can be unexpected harming or suicide Can happen in more established auto, developed time in running auto, or from defective heaters, water warmers, lamp oil radiators Causes hypoxia

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Recognizing Carbon Monoxide Poisoning (1 of 2) Headache Ringing in ears Chest torment Muscle shortcoming Nausea and spewing Dizziness and visual changes Unresponsiveness Respiratory and heart failure

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Recognizing Carbon Monoxide Poisoning (2 of 2) Symptoms go back and forth. Indications exacerbate and enhance in specific spots and at specific times. Close-by individuals have comparable grumblings. Pets appear to be sick.

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Care for Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Remove casualty from environment promptly. Call 9-1-1. EMS can give 100% oxygen for 30 or 40 minutes to turn around CO harming. Screen relaxing. Put inert, breathing casualty in recuperation position. Look for restorative care.

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Poison ivy, harm oak, harm sumac 15-25% of uncovered individuals will have debilitating swelling, rankles Oil overflows out from plant when brushed. Plant-Induced Dermatitis (1 of 2)

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Plant-Induced Dermatitis (2 of 2) Oil not unmistakable on human skin Spread by direct contact Can remain dynamic for a considerable length of time or years Smoke from blazing plants can bring about extreme dermatitis Difficult to distinguish plants Leaves develop in gatherings of three

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Recognizing Plant-Induced Dermatitis Rash Itching Redness Blisters Swelling The more prominent the measure of skin influenced, the more noteworthy the requirement for medicinal care. Onset typically happens 1-2 days after contact.

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Care for Plant-Induced Dermatitis Clean skin with cleanser and cool water as quickly as time permits. Apply rubbing liquor generously, then evacuate with water. Tepid shower and colloidal cereal Wet packs with aluminum acetic acid derivation Calamine cream or preparing pop glue Corticosteroid treatment and oral corticosteroid

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Stinging Nettle Plant with stinging hairs on stem and leaves Stinging hair is touched Fine needlepoint enters skin Injects synthetic aggravation

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Recognizing Stinging Nettle Poisoning Can influence anybody Effects constrained to uncovered region Immediate reaction Redness Rapid, serious smoldering Itching Reaction endures hours, not days

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Care for Stinging Nettle Poisoning Wash uncovered zone with cleanser and water. Apply: Cold, wet pack Colloidal cereal, hydrocortisone cream, or calamine salve Over-the-counter antihistamine