Overseeing REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN SCOTLAND The SDA as Agency of Change

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Overseeing REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN SCOTLAND The SDA as Agency of Change Henrik Halkier, Aalborg University, Denmark – halkier@ihis.aau.dk

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MANAGING REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN SCOTLAND The SDA as Agency of Change Setting the scene Reviewing three periods of Agency inceptions improvements endings The SDA and past Conclusions and points of view Henrik Halkier, Aalborg University, Denmark – halkier@ihis.aau.dk

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PRE-DEVOLUTION SCOTLAND From the 1970s towards the 1990s Socio-financial setting mechanical rebuilding drawbacks UK district double characters

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PRE-DEVOLUTION SCOTLAND From the 1970s towards the 1990s Socio-monetary setting modern rebuilding inconveniences UK area double personalities Governance decentralization by means of Scottish Office devolution stay on plan Labor strength, Conservative disintegration, unpredictable patriotism

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The SDA 1975-1991 CONTRASTING INTERPRETATIONS

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The SDA 1975-1991 CONTRASTING INTERPRETATIONS

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The SDA 1975-1991 CONTRASTING INTERPRETATIONS

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Three periods of Agency audited: ORIGINS Organizational agreement, wandering needs Highland Board as case: back, exhortation, foundation exchange unions & Scottish Labor: open speculation neighborhood powers and business: counsel, advancement, framework

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Three periods of Agency investigated: ORIGINS Organizational accord, separating needs Highland Board as illustration: back, guidance, framework exchange unions & Scottish Labor: open speculation nearby powers and business: guidance, advancement, framework Late transformation by unionist parties SNP avalanche in February 1974 CONS resistance goes first: Scottish Development finance LAB government proposition: HIDB + speculation + advancement

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Three periods of Agency checked on: CORPORATE DEVELOPMENTS Strategic talk a bigger number of progressions than change business before Thatcher typical reordering 1979 rambling adjustment Quote-unquote: Pre-1979: Long-term beneficial open speculation Early 1980s: Profitable open venture Late 1980s: Venture capital market disappointment

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Three periods of Agency inspected: CORPORATE DEVELOPMENTS Strategic talk a bigger number of coherencies than change business before Thatcher typical reordering 1979 desultory adjustment Development assets total genuine term stagnation private co-subsidizing increment

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Three periods of Agency assessed: CORPORATE DEVELOPMENTS Strategic talk a greater number of congruities than change business before Thatcher typical reordering 1979 digressive adjustment Development assets supreme genuine term stagnation private co-subsidizing increment relative significance developing

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Three periods of Agency explored: CORPORATE DEVELOPMENTS Strategic talk a greater number of progressions than change business before Thatcher typical reordering 1979 verbose adjustment Development assets total genuine term stagnation private co-subsidizing increment relative significance developing undertaking driven association conveyance decentralizing

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Three periods of Agency surveyed: POLICY DEVELOPMENTS Industrial ventures expanded action levels escalated pre-venture evaluation open private con-speculation

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Three periods of Agency looked into: POLICY DEVELOPMENTS Industrial ventures expanded action levels strengthened pre-speculation examination open private con-speculation Inward speculation expanding need more proactive/specific concede/advancement mix

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Three periods of Agency audited: POLICY DEVELOPMENTS Sectoral activities & consultative administrations expanding need slow broadening more proactive/particular standard-benefit off-stacking

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Three periods of Agency surveyed: POLICY DEVELOPMENTS Sectoral activities & admonitory administrations expanding need continuous enhancement more proactive/specific standard-benefit off-stacking Infrastructure & environment diminishing need from mid-1980s from 'dark spots' to 'splendid lights' property portfolio incompletely privatized

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Three periods of Agency evaluated: POLICY DEVELOPMENTS Dominant patterns arrangement congruity/extension progressively proactive/specific new approaches beat acquired

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Three periods of Agency investigated: POLICY DEVELOPMENTS Dominant patterns strategy coherence/development progressively proactive/specific new strategies beat acquired Tangible prominent exemptions ? privatization of modern property internal venture & cutting edge inclination

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Three periods of Agency looked into: ENDINGS A Conservative change of heart ? 1987 regulatory/political acclaim 1988 proposition by means of Thatcher alternate way Limited resistance ? Work: neighborhood power rejection Unions/business wariness: more accentuation on preparing ? loss of key concentration ?

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Three periods of Agency investigated: ENDINGS A Conservative change of heart ? 1987 managerial/political acclaim 1988 proposition by means of Thatcher alternate way Limited restriction ? Work: nearby power rejection Unions/business wariness: more accentuation on preparing ? loss of key concentration ? End or assume control ? Philosophy against skilled Agency ? Party-political points of interest Labor wrong-footed side-covering of nearby powers clerical qualifications Preferential regionalism Mark II preparing gets Scottish measurement

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THE SDA AND BEYOND Conclusions and Perspectives The double face of the legislative issues of provincial strategy philosophy: constrained open private changes in spite of talk regional: accord about 'special regionalism'

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THE SDA AND BEYOND Conclusions and Perspectives The double face of the governmental issues of local approach belief system: restricted open private changes regardless of talk regional: agreement about 'particular regionalism' From SDA to Scottish Enterprise at global bleeding edge of arrangement advancement consolidating assets and key vision considerate political environment: arm's-length organization, Tory sober mindedness image of duty to Scotland

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THE SDA AND BEYOND Conclusions and Perspectives The double face of the governmental issues of local approach belief system: constrained open private changes notwithstanding talk regional: agreement about 'particular regionalism' From SDA to Scottish Enterprise at worldwide cutting edge of strategy improvement joining assets and vital vision altruistic political environment: arm's-length organization, Tory realism image of responsibility to Scotland

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THE SDA AND BEYOND Conclusions and Perspectives The double face of the legislative issues of local arrangement belief system: constrained open private changes in spite of talk regional: agreement about 'particular regionalism' From SDA to Scottish Enterprise at universal front line of approach advancement consolidating assets and key vision kindhearted political environment : arm's-length organization, Tory practicality image of duty to Scotland

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THE SDA AND BEYOND Conclusions and Perspectives The double face of the legislative issues of local arrangement philosophy: restricted open private changes in spite of talk regional: accord about 'particular regionalism' From SDA to Scottish Enterprise at worldwide bleeding edge of arrangement advancement consolidating assets and key vision big-hearted political environment : arm's-length organization, Tory logic image of duty to Scotland

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