Oral History and Documentary History Applications in Library and Information Science

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Presentation. content creation in DL connection (memory institutions)memory organizations shape the verifiable recorddocumentary history (relics, reports) customarily considered premise for framing authentic memoryoral history (onlooker records: recorded, interpreted) elective strategy for producing archives about chronicled experienceoral gathering of chronicled material: history, hypothesis,

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Oral History and Documentary History Applications in Library and Information Science Marija Dalbello Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA dalbello@scils.rutgers.edu www.scils.rutgers.edu/~dalbello

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Introduction content creation in DL setting (memory establishments) memory organizations shape the authentic record narrative history (ancient rarities, archives) customarily considered reason for framing verifiable memory oral history (observer accounts: recorded, deciphered) elective strategy for producing reports about chronicled encounter oral gathering of verifiable material: history, hypothesis, procedure, "how to" ebb and flow applications and patterns ventures utilizing computerized library innovation and oral history techniques to investigate better approaches for gathering and highlighting existing accumulations instruments for DL advancement

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Outline Oral History and Historical Research Doing Oral History Historical Concepts in Digital Library Settings (Oral History Projects) DL Tools & Technology Infrastructure

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"He carried on with a valuable life." An engraving from a late eighteenth century headstone inside a congregation in lower Manhattan. Comparative assessments don't beauty Victorian headstones. These "recollect" the expired with "adoration."

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Oral History:The Story of Lived Experience reason Oral history lights up the experience and verifiable commitment of normal individuals Oral history gives bits of knowledge into regular day to day existence encounter Oral history is an approach to achieve gatherings and people who have been disregarded, persecuted, and additionally overlooked Oral history catches individual records (self-portraying, biographies)

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Oral History Research custom (1934/1966) Lomax & Lomax (melodies and society tunes) (1948) Oral History Project (Allan Nevins, Columbia U) (1975) Studs Terkel: Working : People Talk About What They Do All Day and How They Feel About What They Do (1980s) Feminist investigations of the social/individual implications of ladies, their work, involvement, life

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Oral History is craftsmanship, science, and specialty definition A subjective research prepare in view of individual meeting, suited to comprehend implications, understandings, connections, and subjective experience and An item : a sound or video copying, that is a unique chronicled report, another essential hotspot for further research (Source: "Oral History Workshop on the Web" (http://www3.baylor.edu/Oral history/Whatis.htm)

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Historiography Oral History Documentary History customary composed authentic stories remaking and translation; culmination concentrate on composed archives, relics Oral History oral conventions and other individual accounts catching "the structure of feeling" of regular daily existence (Williams 1977) wide based data & vast scale extends inside important authentic structure interviews with observers of occasions territories of utilization different: scholarly, government, libraries, exhibition halls, restorative and military settings offering data to the bigger group (distributions and projects)

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Historiography Oral History Structuralist approach : presumptions of a period (a époque ) are engraved and implanted in (narrative or lived) writings, as parts of networks or frameworks of meaning . A specific content can be broke down in relationship to different writings, as a structure of importance. Social hypothesis deciphering hones as portrayals of social connections. Postmodernist speculations see both composed archives and unremarkable exercises as " writings .'

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Oral History as Text oral conventions, memory & history Oral custom unknown, practically adjusted for memory as channel of transmission (mental aide, homeostatic, performative, not dependable) Vansina (1961) Ong (1982) Public Memory affected by procedures of social and social memory; memory formed by individual intrigue and open institutional settings (legacy not history) Lowenthal (1998) Fentress & Wickham (1991) Passerini (1987; 1992; 1997)

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Oral History impediments as technique for access to the past Personal or open history? Is it accurate to say that we are gathering or creating aggregate memory? We are finding voices and engaging them, yet... Who represents history? From whom would we like to listen? Why would we like to hear them? We are gathering memory and putting the voices verifiably yet ... Whose voices would we like to benefit? It is safe to say that we are finding or making memory?

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Oral History Research difficulties How solid is oral history? What would we be able to learn frame oral history that can't be found in composed chronicled reports ? How does the oral, review character of oral stories impact their substance? Do interviews comprise of records of what really occurred previously? On the other hand would they say they are molded recollections of the people who describe them? How does the nearness of a questioner impact the last product?  Can oral history help democratize the remaking of history? What is the part of libraries in keeping up that record of the past?

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Oral History Project Doing Oral History: Planning & Project Management finding voices gathering recollections arranging & recuperating voices making aggregate memory Exercise 1: Project arranging

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Oral History Project Doing Oral History: Planning & Project Management Stage 1: recognize general subject Stage 2: legitimize why recouping specific voices Stage 3: anticipate financing & hierarchical bolster Stage 4: distinguish setting for scattering ; extend assessment (moral, lawful worries) before you begin: 20 questions agenda after you begin: 5 systems (counseling board, objectives & needs, extend rules, staff, spending plan )

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Oral History Project Doing Oral History: Interview unstructured meeting procedures; thought of legitimate issues; extend administration Veterans History Project (Library of Congress). "Project Kit: Interviewing and Recording Guidelines" (http://www.loc.gov/folklife/vets/guidelines.html) "Oral History Workshop" (Baylor University. Organization for Oral History) (http://www3.baylor.edu/Oral _History/Workshop.htm)

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Oral History Interview

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Oral History Project Doing Oral History: Interview unstructured meeting/field methods: starting declaration; get ready inquiries before the meeting (record them) open finished inquiries; short; don't start with excruciating points; follow-up inquiries give interviewee time for reflection request that interviewee indicate you photos, individual letters as a method for upgrading the meeting (supports memory and incites intriguing stories) real signs as opposed to verbal

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Oral History Project Doing Oral History: Interview legitimate and moral contemplations: never record covertly act naturally: don't imagine you find out about a subject than the member plan discharge shapes recording & innovation determinations: hour and a half for each subject tape or video; self-standing receiver; standard speed just; test gear in advance; calm setting center around face, abdominal area when recording

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Oral History Project Doing Oral History: Interview Sample Interview Questions (V/Civilians): Segments of the meeting Civilians: For the Record, Jogging Memory, Wartime Work, Life During Wartime, Postwar Experiences, Closing Questions Veterans: For the Record, Jogging Memory, Experiences, Life, After Service, Later Years and Closing Use addresses however let member tell his/her own particular story Biographical Data Form ahead of time Prepare yourself

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Oral History Project Doing Oral History: Post-Interview Evaluation Oral History Association, "Oral History Evaluation Guidelines," Pamphlet No. 3 (1989; rev. 2000) (http://www.dickinson.edu/associations/oha/EvaluationGuidelines.html) Transcription, Editing, Historical Presentation, Publication Veterans History Project (Library of Congress). "Project Kit: Transcribing and Indexing Your Interviews" (http://www.loc.gov/folklife/vets/transcribe.html)

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Oral History (DL) The "Living Library": Examples memory foundations effectively occupied with re-conceptualizing chronicled account (open libraries, historical centers, files) " the living library": drawing in group memory with existing accumulations conservation of neighborhood learning, record of ordinary experience, "information administration" in the nearby condition

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Oral History (DL) The "Living Library": Examples "Bridgeport Working: Voices from the twentieth Century" (Bridgeport Public Library) New Deal Projects (Library of Congress) "American Life Histories: Manuscripts from the Federal Writers' Projects, 1936-1942" "African Voices" (Smithsonian Institution) "Benedicte Wrensted: An Idaho Photographer in Focus" (Idaho Museum of Natural History) "Talking History: Labor History Archive" (The University at Albany. State University of New York) "Bioscience and Biotechnology ever" (UC Berkeley Bancroft Library. Territorial Oral History Office; Open Archives California)

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American Life Histories: Manuscripts from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1940 (http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/wpaintro/wpahome.html) The Federal Writers' Project materials in the Library of Congress Manuscript Division are a piece of a bigger gathering titled The U.S. Work Progress Administration Federal Writers' Project and Historical Records Survey . The property from the Federal Writers' Project traverse the years 1889-1942 and cover an extensive variety of subjects and subprojects. By and large, the Federal Writers' possessions number roughly 300,000 things and comprise of correspondence, memoranda, field reports, notes, diagrams, graphs, preparatory and adjusted drafts of

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