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PREFATORY THOUGHTSYou are talking about with your lawyer a lawful issue. You are sure that your adaptation of the actualities in the debate can be demonstrated. You ask the lawyer

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PREFATORY THOUGHTS You are talking about with your lawyer a legitimate issue. You are certain that your variant of the truths in the question can be demonstrated. You ask the lawyer "does my cause has justify? She says "yes." You inquire as to whether you seek after the case will you win? She says: "I can't foresee what's to come." You ask "What are my odds? " She says, "Accepting what you told can be demonstrated" then:

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PREFATORY THOUGHTS  She says, "expecting the story you have told is right" then: EXCELLENT

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PREFATORY THOUGHTS Assuming a triumphant case What is the significance of obligation gathering and the term judgment account holder?

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Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) portrays contrasting options to the conventional legal determination of debate Major ways to deal with question determination Power Rights Interest

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ADR proposes a move from a rights way to deal with an intrigue based approach in question determination.

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ALTERNATIVES TO LITIGATION INCLUDE  Arbitration  Mediation Negotiation Of less significance  Private judging  Ombudsperson  Summary jury trial  Mini-trial

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ARBITRATION Disputing parties consent to choose a nonpartisan outsider (or gatherings) to hear and choose the question.  Generally private, verifiably private.  Requirement of (at any rate) the aloof endorsement of government, as the honors are at last enforceable in the courts .

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TYPES OF ARBITRATION  Voluntary  Pre-question understanding gives that discretion will be utilized to settle debate emerging between the gatherings. Condition is a piece of a generally enforceable contract.  Post - debate understanding. Understanding went into after a contention emerges.  Involuntary Judicial mediation - statute requiring parties in specific cases to submit cases to assertion as a pre-condition to a claim. It is NON-BINDING .

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NATURE OF ARBITRATION (CONTINUED)  Federal and state statutes approve & empower mediation  Arbitration procedures are normally less formal than courts.  Power of mediation in view of the assention of the gatherings, statutory law, or potentially consolidated techniques.  Power of intervention can be lost whenever if both sides consent to deal with the question in court.  If discretion proviso exists however one gathering declines to parley the other party can look for a legal request to constrain mediation.

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NATURE OF ARBITRATION  Issues to be listened, number of authorities, referee control, procedures to be utilized, and timing are all-reliant on the intervention understanding. Arbitration conditions  give the procedural and substantive limits of the case.  authorities provisos are given from associations, for example, AAA

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QUALIFICATION AND SELECTION OF ARBITRATORS  Agreement of the gatherings names the arbitrator(s) Use of standard conditions of expert affiliations. For example, the American Arbitration Association Permanent arbitrator for arrangement of expected or conceivable debate  Selection from boards  Expertise in topic of question  Known in field  Reputation for reasonableness  Recommendation by board  Trained in hearing procedures

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WHY SELECT ARBITRATION?  Faster from documenting to hearing  Cheaper  Private  Less ill-disposed than suit  More certain determination

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WHY SELECT ARBITRATION? (Proceeded with) PROBLEMS  Private. Open is ignorant of question in which they may have an intrigue. Potential prosecutors unconscious of case result.  True agree of gatherings to assertion?  Not generally less costly?  Loss of appropriate to right blunders of law as the privilege of bid is exceptionally constrained.

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Arbitrator Qualifications ?

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Mediation- - A type of transaction with the most noteworthy property being the expansion of a talented outsider master who helps (encourages) the gatherings to arrange their own particular determination. Definition: Intervention in a transaction or a contention by a worthy outsider with restricted or no legitimate basic leadership control however who helps the included gatherings in willfully achieving a shared satisfactory settlement of the issues in question (Christopher Moore).

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MEDIATION (CONTINUED) Overall idea is basic. Infrequently alluded to as the world's second most seasoned calling. Exists in some mold in most world societies. Two gatherings in strife look for an outsider to help them in determination of that contention. The outsider helps clashing gatherings in conveying however does not choose the debate.

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GENERAL NATURE OF AND CONTRAST WITH OTHER METHODS IN THE UNITED STATES  Private while case is open.  Parties stay in control of choice instead of giving up control to government or outsider.  Mediator encourages assention as opposed to forcing a determination like in suit or assertion.  Non-antagonistic while suit in U.S. is antagonistic.

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GENERAL NATURE OF AND CONTRAST WITH OTHER METHODS IN THE UNITED STATES (CONTINUED)  Occurrence of intervention recommends advance since it is intentional. Gatherings may not concede to determination but rather they concur on a technique to determine debate.  Mediation is less formal than different strategies .

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HOW PROCESS IS SELECTED OR BEGUN  Pre-assention  Post-understanding  One gathering looks for intervention and the supplier contacts the other party  Referrals

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PROCESS PROVIDERS  Non-benefit generalists ADR suppliers - American Arbitration Association  Community intercession focuses, for example, the Sacramento intercession focus  State intercession suppliers, for example, the California place for open question determination or the Iowa Peace Institute  Private merchants

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CASES MOST APPROPRIATE FOR MEDIATION  The gatherings have a stake in settling the debate. The parties share inspiration for early settlement. The gatherings are reliant and must depend on the collaboration of each other to meet their objectives or fulfill their interests.

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CASES BELIEVED INAPPROPRIATE FOR MEDIATION Disputes concentrated on convictions. Severe awkwardness of force between the gatherings. Unmanageable conduct with respect to either party

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MEDIATORS (CONTINUED)  QUALIFICATIONS  Experience in question determination including preparing and by disposition. Individual can impact and coax parties as though a gathering pioneer without having had sufficient energy to build up that level of regard.  Area mastery. Comprehends the basic way of the question.  Listener. Inventive issue solver.  Neutral

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POSITIVE ATTRIBUTES OR MEDIATION  Can be started right on time in the process giving chance to end strife ahead of schedule with a decrease in struggle cost, lawful charges, and mental cost of contention. Great advertising. Examines demonstrate that up to 95% of common claims settle shy of trial. On the off chance that that is genuine why not do it early?

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NEGATIVE ATTRIBUTES OF MEDIATION (CONTINUED) Might not get an attractive outcome. Does not give a win. The outcome for the most part is some kind of trade off.

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 Negotiation Private judging  Ombudsperson  Med Arb  Summary jury trial  Mini-trial

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arrangement Communication with the end goal of influence. A procedure is which disputants conveyed their disparities to each other through meeting, talk and trade off trying to determine them.

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PRIVATE JUDGING Process approved in a couple states (counting California) whereby at the gatherings ask for a court can allude a case to an impartial of the gatherings picking who will hear and choose the case. Ordinary guidelines of arguing, proof, and revelation apply and the choice can be offered on the record to people in general courts as though it were chosen in an open court

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Ombudsman A nonpartisan or fair-minded director inside an association who may give casual and secret help to supervisors and representatives in settling business related concerns. Office is situated outside standard line administration structures.

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Med ARB Neutral is at first approved to intercede a question and if the gatherings neglect to arrange a determination is from there on approved to choose the debate or any undecided issues. Shortened form of terms intervention and assertion.

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SUMMARY JURY TRIAL A non-restricting contracted trial by taunt legal hearers browsed a real or recreated the jury pool. A judge or justice may direct. Principals with expert to settle the case go to. A subsequent admonitory jury decision is proposed to give the beginning stage to settlement transactions.

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MINI-TRIAL A private, willful, casual type of question determination in which lawyers for every disputant make a concise introduction of his or her best case before authorities for each side who have expert to settle. Generally, an unbiased, outsider consultant is available at the hearing. Taking after the lawyers' introductions, the principals endeavor to settle the question. The nonpartisan outsider might be made a request to render a non‑binding consultative assessment with respect to the debate result on the off chance that it were disputed.

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THE COURTS Authorized and financed by government to give a nonpartisan gathering to the determination of question amongst individuals and associations

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TYPES OF COURTS TRIAL COURTS Presentation of proof Determination of material law Application of chose actualities to relevant law

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TYPES OF COURTS Appellate Courts Review of trial court record to guarantee appropriate use of the law Acceptance of truths offered in trial court No confirmation displayed no jury exhibit California Supreme Court

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