Nov. 8: The Rise of the Medieval University

Nov 8 the rise of the medieval university l.jpg
1 / 20
1406 days ago, 488 views
PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1

Nov. 8: The Rise of the Medieval University

Slide 2

Background to Universities 9 th - 13 th hundreds of years: populace blast Primogeniture Earlier schools – religious community schools, house of prayer schools, private guides/schools

Slide 3

"I won't talk about those scholars before whose eves bounced always 'the lice of Egypt,' that is to say, all the sophistical nuances, so that nobody could appreciate their expressive talks in which, as says Isaiah, 'there is no astuteness.' As to the specialists of philosophy, 'situated, in Moses' seat,' they were swollen with adapting, yet their philanthropy was not enlightening. Educating and not honing, they have 'get to be as sounding metal or a tinkling cymbal,' or like a waterway of stone, constantly dry, which should convey water to 'the bed of flavors.' They detested each other, as well as by their honeyed words they tempted away the understudies of others; every one looking for his own eminence, however minding not a whit about the welfare of souls." -Jacques de Vitry, 13 th century

Slide 4

Peter Abelard (1079-1142) "Consequently it came to fruition that my showing won such quality and power that even the individuals who before had clung most energetically to my previous ace, and most intensely assaulted my conventions, now ran to my school."

Slide 5

Birth of Universities Founded on organization standard University = gathering of composed laborers. Means totality of the gathering. Versatile – colleges possess no structures and are not fixing to areas.

Slide 6

Paris University of Masters Charter allowed 1200, sorted out 1150-70 Known for religious philosophy

Slide 7

Bologna Officially composed in 1200; really sorted out ~1150 Known for Law University of Students Defense against townspeople Defense against "their different foes, the teachers"

Slide 8

The Professor Must... Not be missing without leave Be ready to pull in more than 5 understudies Begin with the chime and end with the ringer Not skip parts of critique Not put off troubles until the end of great importance Cover ground deliberately and totally

Slide 10

Other Universities Oxford: 1220 Salerno: 1231, known for solution (yet it was a middle for therapeutic learning before then) Size of colleges: 200-800 Biggest = ~2,500. ~1200: colleges have gotten to be scholarly focuses of Europe

Slide 11

Student Life

Slide 12

"I, a meandering researcher chap, Born for drudge and trouble, Oftentimes am driven by Poverty to frenzy. These torn garments that cover me Are too thin and spoiled; Oft I need to endure chilly, By the glow overlooked" Bibit hera, bibit herus, Bibit miles, bibit clerus, Bibit ille, bibit illa, Bibit serrus cum ancilla, Bibit velox, bibit piger, Bibit albus, bibit niger, Bibit constans, bibit vagus, Bibit rudis, bibit magus.

Slide 13

Curriculum B.A. – aesthetic sciences + 3 methods of insight. 4 yrs. Accentuation on sentence structure decreases; accentuation on rationale builds M.A. – accentuation on 3 methods of insight. 2 yrs. Solution – 5-6 yrs. Law – 7-8 yrs. Religious philosophy – 8-16 yrs.

Slide 14

The Liberal Arts

Slide 15

Natural Philosophy

Slide 16

The Ancients in Medieval Schools Plato : 11 th and 12 th hundreds of years. For the most part Timaeus Aristotle : late 12 th - 13 th hundreds of years. Particularly rationale, characteristic logic - Thomas Aquinas, Albertus Magnus (Albert the Great)

Slide 17

Thomas Aquinas (1224-74) Goal is to accommodate theory and particularly Aristotle with religious Philosophy = handmaiden to philosophy

Slide 18

Scholastic Humanism Scholasticism – endeavor to gather and acclimatize all learning. Exceptionally idealistic Humanism – attestation of human reason. "Despite the fact that the regular light of the human personality is deficient to make realized what is uncovered by confidence, by and by what is supernaturally instructed to us by confidence can't be in spite of what we are supplied with by nature. Either would need to be false, and since we have both or them from God, He would be the reason for our mistake, which is unimaginable." - Thomas Aquinas

Slide 19

Disputation strategy – greatly streamlined Q: Whether the Earth is round? Complaint 1: We would tumble off Objection 2: It seems, by all accounts, to be level Reply 1: Gravity Reply 2: It's huge. Q Resolved: The Earth is round.

Slide 20

Impact on European Life Recovery of lost information Provides taught and educated civil servants for courts Textual people group that can examine addresses crosswise over land and sequential limits Intellectual flexibility – contrast with Islam